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姓名 李世宏(Shih-Hong Li)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 機械工程學系
論文名稱 應用自行車駕駛模擬器探討自行車騎士之駕駛行為
(The Study of Cyclist Driving Behavior with Bike Driving Simulator)
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摘要(中) 近幾年國內自行車休閒活動逐漸興起,但因台灣地區目前道路規劃之中少有針對自行車設計的車道,目前自行車大多與機車共用機車專用道。加上台灣都會地區機車數量早已超過原先道路設計容納量,不僅使得機車專用道相當擁擠,又因機車與自行車的行駛速度落差而容易產生道路的堵塞,甚至造成交通事故。
本實驗藉由自行車駕駛模擬器模擬實際道路駕駛情況,實驗場景設定為一般平面道路,受測者會遭遇數個不同的突發事件。探討機車騎士的駕駛行為是否會對自行車騎士產生影響。藉由收集受測者行為數據,進行分析找出影響最大之因素。
實驗結果顯示事件型態、速度差、反應時間、安全帽的配戴,對受測者都有產生一定的影響。當中以急煞事件產生威脅性最大、速度差影響不大、反應時間越短,受測者駕駛績效變化越劇烈、配戴安全帽使的受測者採取較具危險性的駕駛行為。
摘要(英) Leisure activities in recent years, the gradual rise of bicycle riding, but the Taiwan region is among the road planning design for the bike lane, most of the current bike lanes with motorcycles sharing. Plus the number of motorcycles in urban areas in Taiwan have already exceeded the original design of the road capacity, not only made the motorcycle lanes very crowded. Because of motorcycle and bicycle speed gap and prone to road congestion, and even cause traffic accidents.
In this study Bike driving simulator simulates the real condition of road junctions. The subject will experience a number of different emergencies. It will see whether the driving behavior of motorcyclist affects cyclist. Analyzing data of cyclist identifies the most influential factors.
Event type, velocity difference, reaction time, wearing helmets has a certain impact. Emergency braking Event is most threat to subjects. Velocity difference has little effect. The shorter reaction time, subjects were more dramatic changes in driving performance. In the condition of Wearing helmet subjects adopted a more dangerous driving behavior.
關鍵字(中) ★ 交通事故
★ 駕駛績效
★ 自行車駕駛模擬器
關鍵字(英) ★ Bike Simulator
★ Cyclist Driving Behavior
★ Risk
論文目次 中文摘要 ......................................................................................................................................... i
英文摘要 ......................................................................................................................................... i
致謝 .................................................................................................................................................. i
圖目錄............................................................................................................................................. v
表目錄........................................................................................................................................... vii
第一章 緒論 ............................................................................................................................. 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 ........................................................................................................ 1
1-2 研究目的..................................................................................................................... 5
1-3 研究方法與流程 ........................................................................................................ 5
第二章 文獻回顧..................................................................................................................... 7
2-1 國內外自行車模擬器發展現況 ............................................................................... 7
2-2 自行車事故統計相關文獻 ..................................................................................... 18
2-3 感知反應時間相關文獻 ............................................................................................ 21
第三章 系統規劃、開發與程式介面 ................................................................................. 23
3-1 系統功能與規格 ...................................................................................................... 23
3-2 系統軟硬體規劃 ...................................................................................................... 24
3-2-1 使用者操作介面.......................................................................................... 25
3-2-2 訊號擷取設備 .............................................................................................. 27
3-2-3 影像顯示系統及電腦設備 ......................................................................... 28
3-3 系統開發流程 .......................................................................................................... 29
3-4 開發工具軟體介紹 .................................................................................................. 30
第四章 研究方法................................................................................................................... 33
4-1 實驗場景規劃 .......................................................................................................... 33
4-2 實驗因子................................................................................................................... 35
4-3 實驗流程................................................................................................................... 38
第五章 實驗結果分析與討論 .............................................................................................. 40
5-1 實驗對象................................................................................................................... 42
5-2 駕駛行為問卷 .......................................................................................................... 43
5-3 實驗結果................................................................................................................... 44
5-3-1 駕駛績效實驗分析結果 ............................................................................. 44
5-3-2 因子與駕駛績效顯著性分析結果 ............................................................ 49
5-3-3 小結 .............................................................................................................. 57
第六章 結論與未來發展建議 .............................................................................................. 59
6-1 結論 ........................................................................................................................... 59
6-2 未來發展與建議 ...................................................................................................... 60
參考文獻 ...................................................................................................................................... 61
附件一駕駛模擬器問卷 .............................................................................................................. 64
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指導教授 鄭銘章 審核日期 2010-7-26
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