博碩士論文 974201029 詳細資訊


姓名 郭晉廷(Chin-ting Kuo)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 企業管理學系
論文名稱 後進者技術獲取模式之研究─以LED與太陽能產業為例
(Latecomer’s Technology Acquisition Mode Research:An Empirical Analysis of Solar and LED Industry)
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摘要(中) 本文以後進者理論的觀點探討後進者的技術獲取模式,後進者在技術上孤立於世界先進技術,故欲進行追趕策略,選擇適當的技術獲取模式與先進者進行技術獲取,在技術上與全球先進技術聯結,並累積資源以期有機會能進入先進者之列。過去有許多研究探討影響技術獲取模式選擇的影響因子,其中証實廠商所擁有的資源與能力以及外部環境會影響技術獲取模式的選擇,本研究從後進者的觀點,根據後進者審視本身資源並以提供先進者互補性資源以進行技術獲取的決策特性,提出從「技術能力」、「市場能力」與「環境風險」探討後進者廠商對於技術獲取模式決策中整合程度高低的影響。
本研究以LED產業與太陽能產業為例,利用美國商標暨專利局資料庫(USPTO)與SDC Platinum資料庫查詢得到1990至2009年內LED產業與太陽能產業持有關鍵技術的先進者與後進者的合作資料,LED產業205筆、太陽能產業82筆,以多元邏輯迴歸進行統計分析。研究結果發現,在技術能力構面:若後進者廠商具有研發能力、製造互補能力,且與先進者存在技術相似性,則越傾向與後進者進行高整合程度的技術獲取模式;若後進者具有創新能力,則傾向低整合程度的技術獲取模式。在市場能力構面:後進者若具有行銷利益,則越傾向高整合程度的技術獲取模式。在環境風險構面:後進者與先進者之間若存在文化差異,則傾向低整合程度的技術獲取模式;後進者與先進者雙方合作的國家若存在法律制度風險則傾向高整合程度的技術獲取模式。
摘要(英) Technology has become one of the important factors affecting the competitive advantages of the high-tech firms. The Latecomers are the firms isolated from the main stream technologies and lack of technology resources, they implement “Catch-up” strategy by playing the role as technology recipients, acquiring technologies from the first-movers, and expect to join the leading-edge technology group. This research is at the Latecomers’ standpoint, to investigate how Latecomers’ technological abilities, marketing abilities and the environmental risks influence the options of the Latecomers’ external knowledge acquisition.
This paper studied the incidents of the technology acquisition in the LED and Solar industries from 1990 to 2009. Two databases, the strategic alliance of SDC Platinum and the patent database of USPTO (United States Patent and Trademark Office) were used in this study. Multiple Logistic Regression was used to test the hypothesis. The analysis in this study found that the Latecomer’s technology abilities, marketing abilities and the environmental risks really influenced the choice of technology acquisition mode made by Latecomers.
關鍵字(中) ★ 追趕策略
★ 技術獲取
★ 後進者
關鍵字(英) ★ Technology acquisition
★ Latecomer
★ Catch-up Strategy
論文目次 中文摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vi
第一章 導論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究問題與目的 3
第二章 文獻探討 5
第一節 技術獲取模式 5
第二節 技術獲取模式的影響因素 9
第三節 後進者追趕策略 15
第三章 研究方法 20
第一節 研究架構 20
第二節 研究假設 22
第三節 操作定義 28
第四節 資料來源與分析方法 33
第四章 資料分析與結果 36
第一節 研究樣本分析 36
第二節 LED產業研究結果 37
第三節 太陽能產業研究結果 46
第五章 結論與建議 54
第一節 研究結論 54
第二節 管理意涵 58
第三節 研究限制與後續建議 60
參考文獻 61
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指導教授 洪秀婉、陳春希
(Shiu-wan Hung、Chun-hsi Chen)
審核日期 2010-7-8
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