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姓名 林庫伸(Ku-shen Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊管理學系
論文名稱 一種基於物件、屬性導向之變更影響分析方法於差異化產品設計
(An Object-Based, Attribute-Oriented Change Impact Analysis Method in Variant Product Design)
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摘要(中) 在產品生命週期中,變更是無可避免的且可能於任何時間發生。當產品產生變更時,所有受該變更影響的項目必須要即時的處理以維持產品的一致性與完整性。隨著競爭市場的全球化與顧客導向市場的趨勢之下,快速回應市場與顧客需求與有效的控制成本成為一項關鍵的因素。因此,工程變更 (Engineering Change, EC) 顯然已成為企業不可忽視的問題,此外企業對於工程變更的管理作業亦是日趨重要。
因此,本研究專注於產品生命週期的差異化產品設計,並嘗試以物件為基礎、屬性為導向的概念建立差異化產品設計之的變更影響分析。本研究將產品結構物件化以建構產品模型,並且透過產品項目 (items)、屬性 (attributes) 與關聯 (linkages) 特徵化產品,並進一步詳細定義關聯的細部。當產品設計期間產生變更時,本研究透過即透過物件導向 (object-oriented) 的技術與遞迴 (recursive) 的機制能有效率的找出受到該變更影響的項目
。本研究也將透過一個產品實例,驗證本研究所提出的方法模型與所實作出之變更影響分析系統的可行性。本研究亦針對文獻中所探討的相關產品設計之方法與本研究所提出之方法相互比較,亦進一步討論使用本系統的效益。最後,針對現有的運用與研究限制進行討論,並提出未來研究的可能方向。
摘要(英) Change is inevitable and may occur any time during product lifecycle. When changes occur, all the affected items must be handled in order to maintain the consistency and integrity of the product. With the market turning to globalized and customer-oriented, responding customer requirements rapidly and controlling the cost effectively is crucial. Thus, engineering change (EC) has been a non-negligible issue for enterprises, and the management to ECs has also become important.
Therefore, this research focuses on variant product design in product lifecycle and uses the object-based and attribute-oriented concepts. Specifically, this research objectifies the structure of the product and characterizes the product itself through the items, attributes and linkages, and further defines the detail of the linkages. When changes occur during product design period, this research uses an object-oriented and recursive mechanism to handle dynamic looping in determining the impact of changes effectively. An example is presented to verify the proposed approach and the feasibility of the change impact analysis (CIA) system. Finally, discussion and suggestions are presented for the future research.
關鍵字(中) ★ 工程變更管理
★ 工程變更
★ 產品設計
★ 物件導向技術
關鍵字(英) ★ variant product design
★ object technology
★ engineering change
★ engineering change management
論文目次 摘要 ........................................................................................................................................ i
Abstract …………………………………………………………………...……………….. ii
Acknowledgement …..…………………………………………………………………... iii
Table of Contents …………………………………………….………………………..... iv
List of Figures ……………………………………………………………………….…... vi
List of Tables …………………………………………………………………………… viii
Chapter I Introduction ………………………………………………………………. 1
1.1 General Background Information ……………………….……………………… 1
1.2 Objective and Motivation ……………………………………………………….. 2
Chapter II Literature Review …………………………………….…………………. 5
2.1 Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) ……………………….……………….. 5
2.1.1 Product Data Management (PDM) …………………………………………. 6
2.1.2 Engineering Data Management (EDM) …………………………………….. 7
2.1.3 PDM and EDM ……………………………………………………………... 8
2.2 Engineering Change and Engineering Change Management ………………... 9
2.3 Methods of Handling EC ………………………………………………………... 9
2.3.1 Design Structure Matrix (DSM) ……………………………………………. 9
2.3.2 Quality Function Deployment (QFD) ……………………………………... 11
Chapter III Approach ….……………………………………...…………………….. 14
3.1 Framework Design ……….....………………………………………………….. 14
3.1.1 Research Scope ……………………………………………………………. 14
v
3.1.2 Process ………………………………………..……………….…………... 15
3.2 Structure Design ………………………………..……………………………..... 17
3.2.1 Terminology Definition ……………………………………………………. 17
3.2.2 Applying Attribute-Oriented Impact Analysis Engineering Changes ……... 18
3.2.3 Model Framework ……………………………………………………….… 20
3.3 Behavior Design (Mechanism: Change Propagation) …………...………….. 21
Chapter IV System Implementation ………………………...………………........ 24
4.1 System Architecture ………………………...………………………………...... 24
4.2 Functions of System ……………………………………………...…………..… 26
Chapter V Example ………………………………………………...………………… 33
5.1 Building the Product Model of the Bicycle ……………………..………….… 34
5.2 Applying Changes on Bicycle ………………………………….…………….... 35
5.3 Change Propagation Analysis ……………………………………………... 38
Chapter VI Discussion ………………………...…………………………………..… 42
6.1 Comparisons ……………..……………………………………………………… 42
6.2 Discussion ………………………….…………………………………………… 47
Chapter VII Conclusion and Future Work ………………………………..…51
Appendix …………………………………………………………………………………. 53
Reference ………………………………………………………………………………… 56
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指導教授 陳仲儼(Chung-Yang Chen) 審核日期 2010-7-20
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