博碩士論文 975201108 詳細資訊




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姓名 蔡炫儒(Hsuan-ju Tsai)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 電機工程學系
論文名稱 W頻段光子發射器中射頻前端電路之研製
(Design and Analysis of Integrated Photonic Transmitter with Wide Optical-to-Electrical Bandwidth for Wireless-Over-Fiber Applications)
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摘要(中) 本論文主要研製可應用於無線光纖(wireless-over-fiber)通信系統中光子積體傳輸器(integrated photonic transmitter)之射頻前端電路。此前端電路係包含三部份,其一乃利用偶極天線作為號角天線之饋入結構,其餘依序為寬頻帶通濾波器及寬頻帶止濾波器。該饋入結構與既有文獻相較下,不需於導波管結構進行任何機械加工或使用磅線(bond wire)即可於毫米波頻帶下達到低介入損耗(insertion loss)之高效率轉換,於製程中不僅成本要求較低且易於積體化;另外,基於簡單的開路及短路殘段觀念,寬頻帶通濾波器及帶止濾波器可輕易於毫米波頻段實現並達到相當良好的特性;最後,藉由等效電路描述,該光電轉換響應可直接藉由電路軟體求解並獲得精準數據。
為有效呈現高速無線資料傳輸之可行性,係將上述前端電路與近彈道單載子光檢測器(near-ballistic uni-travelling-carrier photodiode, NBUTC-PD)設計於W頻段中並進行積體化。由於此光子積體傳輸器具寬頻光電轉換頻寬之特性,於實際量測中,該電路可在高速數位訊號(20Gb/sec)操作下達成無線傳輸功能,此電路於現今固態製程相當容易實現且成本要求低廉,相信此電路在未來寬頻無線光纖通信系統應用中可找到其扮演角色。
摘要(英) In this thesis, a broadband, integrated photonic transmitter front-end is demonstrated. The front-end essentially comprises a dipole-based antenna feed structure for the transmitting horn antenna, a broadband bandpass filter (BPF), and a broadband bandstop filter (BSF). The proposed dipole-based antenna feed structure does not call for any modifications on the waveguide and bond wires on the structure for insertion loss reduction, which is critical for an easy and low-cost transmitter implementation in the milliliter-wave regime. The BPF and the BSF are easy to realize with simple open- and short- stubs. Furthermore, the equivalent circuit technique is exploited for characterizing optical-to-electrical (O-E) response of the photonic transmitter.
For experimental demonstration, the proposed front-end is integrated with a near-ballistic uni-travelling-carrier photodiode (NBUTC-PD) through flip-chip bonding for realization of a W-band integrated photonic transmitter poised for high-speed wireless data transmission. Owing to wide optical-to-electrical bandwidth of the NBUTC-PD integrated with the proposed front-end, the demonstrated photonic transmitter is of a high data rate up to 20 Gb/s and expected to find applications in the broadband wireless-over-fiber systems.
關鍵字(中) ★ 光二極體
★ 光電檢測器
★ 前端電路
★ W頻段
關鍵字(英) ★ photodetector
★ front-end
★ W-band
★ photonic diode
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract ii
致謝 iii
圖目錄 viii
表目錄 xiii
第一章 序論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.1.1 RoF系統 1
a. 低損耗特性 3
b. 超寬頻特性 4
c. 安裝簡單 4
d. 低功率消耗 4
1.2 近彈道單載子光電檢測器於RoF系統之應用 6
1.3 近彈道單載子光電檢測器於RoF系統之應用 6
1.4 論文概述 9
第二章 光檢測器於無線傳輸之應用 10
2.1 天線之選擇 10
2.2 平面電路至導波管轉接之設計準則 12
2.1.1 利用電場探針之導波管轉接設計 13
2.1.2 利用電場緩匹配之導波管轉接設計 16
2.1.3 相關文獻-利用準八木宇田天線之導波管轉接設計 18
2.1.4 槽線傳輸線至導波管轉接設計 19
2.1.5 基板於導波管中之波阻抗變化與不連續效應 21
2.1.6 共平面波導至導波管轉接器 27
2.2 光電轉換之等效模型 31
2.3 光電轉換響應之整體效應 33
2.4 光電量測系統架設與量測 35
2.5 光電轉換之無線傳輸 37
2.6 中頻調變響應之量測 38
第三章 寬頻中頻調變響應之設計 40
3.1 槽線形式墊片與光檢測器主動區的結合 40
3.2 近彈道單載子之光電轉換等效模型 42
3.3 調變頻寬改善之方法 45
3.3 槽線形式之射頻扼流器設計 47
3.4 射頻扼流器實際製作 53
3.5 槽線形式的W頻段帶通濾波器以及天線端之串接 57
3.6 積體化光電檢測器實際串接 62
3.7 光電轉換之整體響應 64
3.8 中頻調變響應之模擬與量測 68
3.9 光電檢測器應用於無線傳輸 70
3.10 文獻比較 73
第四章 結論與未來工作 75
參考文獻 76
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指導教授 丘增杰、陳念偉
(Tsen-chieh Chiu、Nan-wei Chen)
審核日期 2010-7-20
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