博碩士論文 975202037 詳細資訊




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姓名 徐瑩珊(Ying-shan Hsu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系
論文名稱 基於立體視覺的連續三維手勢辨識
(Continuous 3D Gesture Recognition Based on Stereo Vision)
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摘要(中) 以視覺為基礎的人機互動系統中,手部通常為離攝影機最近的物體,因此藉由3D資訊可以有效偵測手部區塊。我們利用粒子最佳化(PSO)演算法,加強連續影像的手部區塊偵測的穩定性與強健性。本研究提出一個雙模態的動態手勢辨識方法。第一個模態(MIP)為運動歷史影像(Motion History Image, MHI)、影像矩(Image Moment)特徵擷取與機率神經網路(Probability Neural Network, PNN)的手勢辨識方法;第二個模態(FIS)根據軌跡變化的手勢模糊推論系統(Fuzzy Inference System)進行手勢辨識,最後透過決策融合,融合雙模態各手勢推論機率,得到最佳辨識效果。實驗結果顯示,透過立體視覺與PSO追蹤,能夠有效且精準找出手部區塊;而經由決策融合後的雙模態動態手勢辨識方法其辨識結果皆優於單一模態辨識方法的辨識結果。此一連續三維手勢辨識提供了新世代人機互動系統一個人性化、友善的互動技術。
摘要(英) In vision-based human-computer interaction system, hand region is usually the nearest object to cameras, therefore, it is effective to detect hand region by 3D information. We use Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm to enhance the stability and robustness of continuous image hand region detection. This paper proposes a dual modal dynamic gesture recognition method. The first one (MIP) consists of motion history image (MHI), image moment feature extraction and probability neural network (PNN), the second one (FIS) is the fuzzy inference system based on trajectory variation. At last, through decision fusion, we fuse the probabilities of gestures from dual modal methods to get the best recognition result. From the experiments, the hand region is detected efficiently and precisely by stereo vision and PSO tracking, the recognition rate of dual modal method is also better than two single modal methods. This continuous 3D gesture recognition provides a reliable, friendly interactive technology in the new generation of HCI system.
關鍵字(中) ★ 立體視覺
★ 手勢辨識
★ PSO
★ MHI
★ 人機互動
關鍵字(英) ★ stereo vision
★ gesture recognition
★ PSO
★ MHI
★ HCI
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究內容與系統架構 2
1.3 論文架構 3
第二章 相關文獻探討 5
2.1 人機互動 5
2.2 立體視覺 7
2.3 物體追蹤 8
2.4 手勢識別 12
第三章 基於立體視覺的手掌區域定位 16
3.1 影像前處理 16
3.1.1 膚色偵測 17
3.1.2 型態學 18
3.1.3 連通元件 22
3.2 雙攝影機之立體視覺 24
3.3 結合粒子最佳化追蹤手部區塊 30
3.3.1 PSO-based追蹤 30
3.3.2 搜尋空間與搜尋方框 33
3.3.3 目標物特徵與適應函數 34
3.3.4 動態建模 38
第四章 動態手勢辨識 41
4.1 MIP推論動態手勢類別 41
4.1.1 運動歷史影像(Motion-History Images, MHI) 42
4.1.2 MHI特徵向量擷取 44
4.1.3 機率神經網路(Probabilistic Neural Network, PNN)分類器 46
4.2動態手勢的模糊推論系統(Fuzzy Inference System, FIS) 52
4.2.1 手勢軌跡特徵擷取 52
4.2.2 模糊神經網路分類器 54
4.2.3 基於FIS的動態手勢細分類 61
4.3 決策融合 63
第五章 系統設計與實驗 65
5.1 軟硬體開發環境 65
5.1.1 硬體設備 65
5.1.2 操作與軟體開發環境 66
5.2 手部區塊追蹤 68
5.2.1 距離攝影機最近的膚色物體偵測 68
5.2.2 超出攝影機交集區外 70
5.2.3 與其他膚色物體距離攝影機距離相近 70
5.2.4 手部追蹤實驗比較 72
5.3 動態手勢辨識 73
5.3.1 單一手勢 74
5.3.2 混合手勢 77
5.4 訓練參數 79
5.4.1 MIP機率神經網路的σ 79
5.4.2 FIS模糊神經網路分類器權重值 79
5.4.3 決策融合權重 80
第六章 結論與未來方向 82
6.1 結論 82
6.2 未來方向 83
參考文獻 84
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指導教授 陳慶瀚(Ching-han Chen) 審核日期 2010-7-10
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