博碩士論文 975301007 詳細資訊




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姓名 劉彥宏(Yen-Hung Liu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 電機工程學系在職專班
論文名稱 智慧型互補式滑動模態控制系統實現於X-Y-θ三軸線性超音波馬達運動平台
(Intelligent Complementary Sliding-Mode Control System for LUSMs-Based X-Y-Ө Motion Control Stage)
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摘要(中) 本論文的研究目的是設計一利用遞迴式以小波函數為基礎之Elman類神經網路估測器之智慧型互補式滑動模態控制系統,控制X-Y-Ө三軸超音波線性馬達移動平台,以達到具有強健性之精密定位控制。本論文首先說明線型超音達馬達之工作原理,接著介紹線性超音波馬達之數學模型,因為其模型相當複雜,且馬達參數具有非線性且時變特性,易受溫度、負載轉矩及加在定子、轉子的彈簧靜壓力影響,故無法精確獲得。為了使X-Y-Ө三軸線性超音波馬達運動控制系統能在參數變化、摩擦力、外來干擾與多軸系統中交叉耦合干擾的影響下具備強健之控制性能,本論文依序提出Elman類神經網路控制系統、遞迴式以小波函數為基礎之Elman類神經網路控制系統、滑動模態控制系統、互補式滑動模態控制系統和智慧型互補式滑動模態控制系統,配合線上學習法則與滑動模態控制中之迫近控制律,分別控制X-Y-Ө三軸線性超音波馬達運動控制系統,以達到精密定位控制之目的。接著利用非均勻有理B-spline曲線插值法(non-uniform rational B-spline, NURBS),針對XY軸設計了圓形和蝴蝶形輪廓軌跡命令以及Ө軸設計了弦波和梯形波輪廓軌跡命令,以驗證所發展智慧型控制架構之有效性。最後由不同軌跡追隨之實作結果證明相較於Elman類神經網路控制系統、遞迴式以小波函數為基礎之Elman類神經網路控制系統、滑動模態控制系統與互補式滑動模態控制系統,本論文所提出之智慧型互補式滑動模態控制系統具有最佳的控制性能與強健性。
摘要(英) An intelligent complementary sliding-mode control (ICSMC) system using a recurrent wavelet-based Elman neural network (RWENN) estimator is proposed to control the mover position of a linear ultrasonic motors (LUSMs)-based X-Y-Ө motion control stage and to achieve high precise position control with robustness in this study. First, the structure and operating principles of the LUSM were introduced. Since the motor parameters are highly non-linear and time-varying due to increase in temperature and change in operating conditions, the exact mathematical model of the LUSM is very difficult to obtain. Moreover, the control accuracy of the LUSM is influenced easily by the existence of uncertainties, which usually comprises system parameter variations, external disturbances, cross-coupled interference and friction force. In order to develop high performance and robust position control systems for LUSMs-based X-Y-Ө motion control stage under the occurrence of the uncertainties, five control systems including Elman neural network (ENN) control, recurrent wavelet-based Elman neural network (RWENN) control, sliding-mode control (SMC), complementary sliding-mode control (CSMC), and intelligent complementary sliding-mode control (ICSMC) systems, are proposed. Furethermore, to demonstrate the different control performances of various control systems, the circle, butterfly contours and sinusoid, trapezoid trajectories are designed for X-Y axes and Ө-axis, recepectively, using NURBS curve interpolator. Finally, some experimental results of various contours and trajectories tracking show that the proposed ICSMC owns the best control performance and robustness compared with the ENN, RWENN, SMC and CSMC systems.
關鍵字(中) ★ 智慧型控制
★ 超音波馬達
★ 類神經網路
★ 滑動模態
關鍵字(英) ★ complementary sliding-mode control
★ Intelligent control
★ linear ultrasonic motor
論文目次 中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 xiii
第一章 緒論
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 文獻回顧 4
1.3 論文大綱 10
第二章 線型超音波馬達驅動系統
2.1 線型超音波馬達簡介 11
2.2 線型超音波馬達工作原理 12
2.3 X-Y-Ө三軸線性線型超音波馬達運動控制系統 15
2.3.1 X-Y-Ө三軸運動控制平台之硬體架構 16
2.3.2 線型超音波馬達移動平台之模型 20
2.3.3 X-Y-Ө三軸線性超音波馬達運動控制系統之軟體發展流程介紹 20
2.4 性能量測 21
2.5 軌跡規劃 23
第三章 遞迴式以小波函數為基礎之Elman類神經網路控制系統
3.1 簡介 27
3.2 Elman類神經網路控制器 28
3.2.1 Elman類神經網路之描述 28
3.2.2 線上學習法則 29
3.2.3 網路收斂性分析 31
3.2 遞迴式以小波函數為基礎之Elman類神經網路控制器 35
3.2.1 小波函數 35
3.2.2 遞迴式以小波函數為基礎之Elman類神經網路描述 37
3.2.3 線上學習法則 42
3.2.4 網路收斂性分析 43
3.4 實作結果 47
第四章 智慧型互補式滑動模態控制系統
4.1簡介 65
4.2 滑動模態控制 66
4.3 X-Y-Ө三軸運動控制平台之動態分析 66
4.4 控制系統設計 68
4.4.1 滑動模態控制系統 70
4.4.2 互補式滑動模態控制系統 72
4.4.3 智慧型互補式滑動模態控制系統 75
4.5 實驗結論 80
第五章 結論與未來研究方向
5.1 結論 103
5.2 未來研究方向 104
參考文獻 114
作者簡歷 121
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指導教授 林法正(Faa-Jeng Lin) 審核日期 2011-1-12
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