博碩士論文 981404001 詳細資訊




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姓名 張育銘(Yu-Ming Chang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 哲學研究所
論文名稱 城市環境倫理學之理論與實踐
(The theory and practice of environmental ethics in urban)
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摘要(中) 城市化(urbanization)是現代社會發展的趨勢,但在城市化的過程中,隨著城市中基礎設施的建造、人口不斷增加、消費社會的型態,都會導致許多環境污染問題。城市化是一把雙刃劍,它一方面促進了城市社會、經濟的發展,提高了人們的生活水準,但另一方面,由於城市人口、建築、工業的過分集中,又帶來諸如環境污染、生態惡化、交通擁堵、住宅短缺、城市失業率升高等問題。

本論文試圖提出一種「城市環境倫理」(urban environmental ethics),以便在城市化的社會發展歷程中試圖減少和避免環境污染、生態破壞,創造適合民眾生活的宜居城市。本論文從城市治理政策、社會參與實踐和城市美學實作三個部分切入。在治理政策的部分,透過生態安全論來分析城市環境治理與環境保護政策對於城市環境倫理學開展的重要性。而在社會參與的部分,則由城市居民在經濟領域中透過評估商業公司與其營利模式是否具有企業社會責任(social responsibility),以便選擇優良的營利或非營利企業來共同幫助環保事業和生態保育的推動。另一方面,則透過「環境教育」(environmental education)提昇城市居民的環境保育意識,以便讓城市倫理學中的綠色公民參與成為可能。最後在城市美學的部分,則透過「生態城市化」(ecological urbanization)做為主要的實踐方式,而其背後的理論奠基是藉由「環境教育」和「環境美學」(environmental aesthetics)的結合,透過城市生態規劃與社區營造,打造環境教育場域(environmental education fields)以便讓住在城市中的居民可以擁有環保意識和生態整全意識(ecological holistic awareness)。
摘要(英) Urbanization is the tendency of modern society. There are many environmental problems in the progress of urbanization due to infrastructure, population and consumer society. Urbanization is double-edged sword. On the one hand it increases the social and economic development in urban to improve the living standard of citizen, but on the other hand it brings out the social problems such as environmental pollution, ecological deterioration, traffic congestion, housing shortage, unemployment rate.

The thesis tries to offer a theory named “urban environmental ethics” to avoid environmental pollution and ecological deterioration, and also to create livable city for citizen. The thesis will be divided into three parts: governance and policies in urban, social engagement and urban aesthetics.

In the chapter of governance and policies in urban, I will use the theory of ecological security to analyze the importance of environmental governance and policies for urban environmental ethics. In the chapter of social engagement, I will use the theory of social responsibility and environmental education to help citizens to learn green citizen engagement and choose good enterprise for improving the environmental protection. In the chapter of urban aesthetics, I will use the theory of ecological urbanization to combine environmental education and environmental aesthetics. Through the concept of ecological urbanization, citizens can have ecological holistic awareness and the willing to environmental protection.
關鍵字(中) ★ 城市環境倫理
★ 生態城市化
★ 環境教育
★ 環境美學
關鍵字(英) ★ urban environmental ethics
★ ecological urbanization
★ environmental education
★ environmental aesthetics
論文目次 導論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 問題意識與研究取向 2
第三節 現有學術研究成果回顧與參考系 5
第四節 內容大要與研究方法 8
第五節 預期成果與研究貢獻 8
第一章 城市化與環境問題 9
前言 9
第一節 城市化的歷史發展 9
第二節 城市化與經濟發展 11
第三節 城市化的優劣分析 12
第四節 城市化與環境問題 13
結語 15
第二章 城市環境治理:如何打造對環境友善的政策 17
前言 17
第一節 城市環境倫理學與生態安全論 17
生態安全論 17
城市發展理論與定位 18
第二節 城市環境治理與環境保護政策 19
環境政策推動失敗的原因 19
如何制定合理且有效的環境政策與法規 20
第三? 區域環境治理 26
聯合國環境署UNEP 26
歐盟的環境治理 27
氣候全球環境治理 28
第四節 案例分析:以台灣的能源政策為例 29
全球暖化是真是假 30
空氣污染與PM2.5 31
能源政策中的能源種類分析 32
台灣能源結構與備載容量 34
反核運動 35
結語 36
他山之石可以攻錯 37
第三章 城市環境參與:永續發展與企業社會責任 39
前言 39
第一節 永續發展理論 39
第二節 市場機制與企業社會責任 42
第三節 企業社會責任之案例分析:電動車與循環經濟 45
電動車 45
市場機制與環境保護結合的實例:循環經濟 49
結語 50
第四章 城市環境參與:環境教育與公民參與 51
前言 51
第一節 城市環境倫理與社會資本 51
社會合作與尊重差異包容異己 53
第二節 環境教育與環境公民參與 54
環境教育 54
第三節 環境公民參與的實踐之案例分析:動物權利與動保團體 59
第五章 環境美學實踐:增加城市內的生態保育 63
前言 63
第一節 美學與環境美學的探討 63
第二節 城市美學與自然美學 65
第三節 城市美學與城市規劃 68
第四節 城鄉互補與城市生態化 71
社區營造與城市生態化 73
城市公共空間的生態化 74
第五節 案例分析:垂直農場與森林城市 76
結語 77
結論 78
參考書目 80
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指導教授 蕭振邦 審核日期 2018-7-25
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