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姓名 呂宛珊(Wan-San Lu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 光電科學與工程學系
論文名稱 鈉鉀離子交換波導之製作及其表面消逝波之研究
(The fabrication of Na+-K+ ion exchanged waveguide and the characterization of the surface evanescent waves.)
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摘要(中) 本論文在探討消逝波在鈉鉀離子交換波導表面的分佈情形,並進一步研究金奈米粒
子受波導表面消逝波推動時的運動情形。
在實驗上,我們利用Rsoft 軟體模擬不同波導參數下的模態數及模場空間分佈,進一步分析波導表面消逝波與波導尺寸的關係。接著利用模擬結果實際製做鈉鉀離子交換
波導,製做完成後分別對波導進行波導的光學特性量測,以及利用近場掃描光學顯微鏡
來量測分析波導表面消逝波的分佈。最後再以532nm 的綠光雷射導入波導,觀察波導表面的金奈米粒子的運動情形,分析CCD 連續拍攝的結果,發現金團簇移動的速度可達317.94μm/sec。
摘要(英) In this study, we analyze the interplay between the evanescence field distribution and the particle motion based on ion exchanged waveguide.
Theoretically, waveguides with various geometric parameters are simulated and the corresponding evanescent fields are mapped out to understand the propagation characteristics.
Experimentally, ion exchanged waveguides are fabricated, and optical measurements are carried out which determines the propagation loss and the mode distribution within the waveguide. The evanescent waves on waveguide surface are then measured by scanning near-field optical microscope(SNOM). Finally, the propellation of gold nanoparticles by the evanescent field was demonstrated. The velocity is estimated to be 317.94 μm/sec, which is three times larger than that predicted by theory. We attribute this result to the aggregation of Au nano particles which effectively enlarge the particle size.
關鍵字(中) ★ 近場掃描光學顯微術
★ 消逝波
★ 離子交換波導
關鍵字(英) ★ ion exchanged waveguide
★ SNOM
★ evanescent wave
論文目次 摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1-1前言 1
1-2研究動機 7
1-3論文架構 7
第二章 研究方法及波導設計 9
2-1 通道式波導 9
2-2擴散方程式與離子交換波導的折射率分佈 12
2-3 光束傳播法(BEAM PROPAGATION METHODE ,BPM) 13
2-4 波導結構與波導模場的關係 15
2-4-1 Type 1:波導表面介質-空氣;光源偏振態-TE 16
2-4-2 Type 2:波導表面介質-空氣;光源偏振態-TM 16
2-4-3 Type 3:波導表面介質-水;光源偏振態-TE 17
2-4-4 Type 4:波導表面介質-水;光源偏振態-TM 17
2-5波導結構與消逝波的關係 18
2-5-1 Type 1:波導表面介質-空氣;光源偏振態-TE 19
2-5-2 Type 2:波導表面介質-空氣;光源偏振態-TM 21
2-5-3 Type 3:波導表面介質-水;光源偏振態-TE 23
2-5-4 Type 4:波導表面介質-水;光源偏振態-TM 26
第三章 實驗製程與量測分析 31
3-1 離子交換波導 31
3-2 離子交換波導製程方法 32
3-3 波導光學特性量測與分析 35
3-3-1 波導擴散深度 35
3-3-1-1 IWKB原理 35
3-3-1-2 IWKB量測結果與分析 37
3-3-1-3 SIMS原理 38
3-3-1-4 SIMS量測結果與分析 40
3-3-2 波導模場分析 40
3-3-2-1 波導模場量測架設 40
3-3-2-2 波導模場量測結果 41
3-3-3 光纖耦合效率 44
3-3-3-1 光纖耦合模擬計算與結果 44
3-3-3-2 光纖耦合方式 47
3-3-4-1 波導嵌入損耗量測架設 49
3-3-4-2 波導傳遞損耗量測結果 50
3-4 波導表面消逝波的量測與分析 52
3-4-1 近場掃描顯微鏡原理 52
3-4-2 SNOM量測結果與分析 54
3-4-2-1 不同的入射雷射光強度其表面消逝波分佈 54
3-4-2-2 不同的波導模態其表面消逝波分佈 57
3-4-2-3 不同的探針位置量測到的表面消逝波分佈 60
3-5 金奈米粒子的運動及其分析 62
第四章 結論與未來展望 67
4-1結論 67
4-2 未來展望 67
參考文獻 68
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指導教授 戴朝義(Chao-Yi Tai) 審核日期 2012-1-30
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