博碩士論文 983202075 詳細資訊




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姓名 陳怡君(Yi-chun Chen)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 土木工程學系
論文名稱 隨機旅行時間下跨校選授課專車排程規劃之研究
(A scheduling and planning of choosing and teaching inter-school bus under stochastic travel time)
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摘要(中) 近年來台灣地區大專院校林立,為加強學校之競爭力,各校間教學合作日益頻繁,校際間之選授課行為及跨校選授課專車亦因應而生。以台灣聯合大學系統為例,現行之跨校選授課專車,目的在於服務台灣聯合大學系統四校之教職員與學生,但跨校選授課專車之班表為人工經驗排班,且未考量實際旅行時間的隨機性,費時且缺乏系統性分析,故無法完善地服務搭乘需求。緣此,本研究針對跨校選授課專車之特性,考量學校立場,構建一隨機性跨校選授課專車排程模式,以期能提供學校方面作為有效規劃之輔助工具,並協助決策者有效地進行規劃。
本研究利用時空網路流動技巧與數學規劃方法,建立一多對多起迄需求之跨校選授課專車排程隨機模式,以最小總加權營運時間為目標,並於網路設計上加上時窗限制以滿足實務之營運條件。本研究並進一步修改隨機模式之履行時間為平均旅行時間,建立一確定性模式。此模式可定式為含額外限制之整數網路流動問題,屬NP-hard問題。為考量實務之大型問題,本研究亦配合CPLEX數學規劃套裝軟體,發展一啟發式演算法,以有效求解問題。最後評估本研究模式與啟發式解法之實用績效,以台灣聯合大學系統為範例進行測試,並針對不同參數進行敏感度分析與方案分析,結果顯示本模式與演算法在實務上可有效的運用,最後提出結論與建議。
摘要(英) With the increasing of universities in Taiwan in recent years, but few of these universities can claim to be a comprehensive research university due to limitation in size and lack of full coverage in disciplines. With this situation, the behavior of having inter-school classes appears. The University System of Taiwan is the best example. Nowadays, the inter-school bus is set up to service the teachers and students of The University System of Taiwan, but the schedule is manually performed by planning personnel with experience in current practice, without a systematic analysis. Such a manual approach is considered to be inefficient and ineffective. In other words, stochastic disturbances arising from variations in car travel times in actual operations are neglected. Therefore, consider the properties of the inter-school bus problem and based on the perspective of school planner, we develop a system-optimized model in this research. The model is expected to be an effective tool for the schools and helps planners to solve problems.
In this research, we employed network flow techniques and mathematical programming method, and build a stochastic inter-school bus scheduling model with many-to-many OD demand. The minimum total weighted operating time is our target. In the network design, adds time window limit to meet the practical operating. Model is formulated as an integer multiple commodity network flow problem, which is characterized as NP-hard. Since the problem sizes are expected to be huge in real practice, the models are difficult to be solved in a reasonable time. In addition, to evaluate the performance of stochastic inter-school bus model and solution algorithm practice, we take the University System of Taiwan as an example. Performing sensitive and scenario analysis for different parameters, and the test results show the model to be good and that the solution method could be useful in practice. At last, conclusions and suggestions are given.
關鍵字(中) ★ 跨校選授課專車
★ 啟發解法
★ 時空網路
★ 隨機性旅行時間
★ 含額外限制網路流動問題
關鍵字(英) ★ Heuristic
★ Time-space network
★ Stochastic travel times
★ Inter-school bus
★ Multiple commodity network flow problem
論文目次 摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2研究目的與範圍 3
1.3研究方法與程式架構 4
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2.1校車排程與路線設計相關文獻 6
2.1.1國外校車規劃與排程 6
2.1.2國內校車規劃與排班 8
2.1.3國內外校車規劃小結 9
2.2交通車、傳統校車與跨校選授課專車之比較 9
2.3時窗限制之車輛派遣與排程問題 10
2.4撥召共乘相關文獻 12
2.5時空網路設計相關文獻 14
2.6隨機擾動之相關理論與文獻 15
2.6.1隨機性問題相關理論 15
2.6.2隨機擾動相關文獻 18
2.7大型含額外限制之整數網路流動問題啟發式演算法 22
2.8文獻評析 25
第三章 模式構建 26
3.1跨校選授課專車排程模式 26
3.1.1基本假設與已知資訊 26
3.1.2隨機性模式之時空網路設計 28
3.1.3符號說明 38
3.1.4數學定式 39
3.2確定性跨校選授課專車排程模式 41
3.2.1確定性模式之時空網路 41
3.2.2確定性模式之數學定式 43
3.3模擬評估方法 44
3.4模式應用 45
3.5小結 45
第四章 求解演算法設計 46
4.1啟發式解法 46
4.2目標值下限解 50
4.3人車配對 50
4.4小結 51
第五章 範例測試 52
5.1資料分析 52
5.1.1跨校選授課專車排程規劃所需之相關參數資料 52
5.1.2搭乘需求之資料 53
5.1.3跨校選授課專車排程規劃之成本資料 55
5.2模式發展 56
5.2.1問題規模 56
5.2.2模式輸入資料 57
5.3電腦演算環境及設定 58
5.3.1電腦演算環境 58
5.3.2相關參數設定 58
5.3.3模式輸出資料 59
5.4測試結果與分析 60
5.4.1隨機性跨校選授課專車排程測試結果 60
5.4.2不同模式間之分析比較 62
5.5敏感度分析 63
5.5.1懲罰成本之敏感度分析 64
5.6情境分析 69
5.6.3現行班表之方案分析 69
5.7小結 71
第六章 結論與建議 72
6.1結論 72
6.2建議 73
6.3貢獻 73
參考文獻 75
附錄 85
附錄一 CPLEX CALLABLE LIBRARY CODE 85
附錄二 ODT種類輸入資料 86
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指導教授 顏上堯(Shang-yao Yan) 審核日期 2011-8-4
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