||In the last two decades, exploitation and exploration have been widely discussed on the field of organizational learning, innovation, strategy and etc in management literature. Exploitation is about efficiency, increasing productivity, control, certainty, and variance reduction. Otherwise, exploration is about search, discovery, autonomy, innovation and embracing variation. Among the rich empirical researches, we find that there are lack of consistencies on operationalized definition of exploration and exploitation. Thus, by integrating the questionnaire items of those survey-based researches, we try to outline the basic points for measuring exploration and exploitation. Meanwhile, we reexamine the relationship between exploration and exploitation are two ends of a continuum or orthogonal to each other.|
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