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姓名 陳心怡(Hsin-Yi Chen)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 人力資源管理研究所在職專班
論文名稱 矩陣式組織之專案績效考核制度探討-以某公司為例
(The Project Performance Appraisal of Matrix organization- Case Study of a company)
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摘要(中) 論文名稱:矩陣式組織之專案績效考核制度探討—以某公司為例
院校名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:人力資源管理研究所
學位類別:碩士
畢業年度:九十九學年度第二學期
指導教授:黃同圳 博士
論文頁數:126頁
論文摘要:
團隊在全世界的很多組織中已經變得越來越普遍,因此團隊績效已經變得非常重要。我們現在已經無法想像出還有哪個組織可以不在團隊的基礎上完成其至少一部份職能(Naquin & Tynan, 2003)。在對企業所做的調查中發現,很多公司都把實現團隊工作以及如何從團隊中取得最大的成果視為自己的首要任務(Roomkin, Rosen, & Dubbs, 1998)。
在以OEM為主的高科技業,企業以客戶下單的產品以成立專案形成團隊,以具結果導向及彈性的專案管理方式營運;這當中關鍵為專案經理在組織中獲得何種支持,以促進其在矩陣式組織中,發揮功能,達成組織目標。在Z公司中,以施行專案績效考核制度之方式,給予專案經理等同部門主管相同的考核權,於每個專案完成時,讓專案經理對其專案成員進行專案績效考核,其成績使用強迫分配,專案考核結果佔專案成員年度考績50%的比例,並與組織晉升、分紅,並以專案之團隊基礎,發放獎金,將績效結果與獎酬高度連結。
本研究以問卷及訪談方式進行研究,發現Z公司在專案績效考核制度下,對組織有下列的影響:
1.部門主管的權力弱化,成員指派進入專案後,專案主管在專案期間,擁有對專案成員在加班、請假、出差及任務要求之核決權,此時,部門主管的介入有限,改變原來的組織指揮結構。
2.專案考核結果不透過直線主管直接上呈總經理,與直線主管所評之年度考核結果,總經理可收交叉監控管理者在打考核客觀性之效果。
3.給予專案經理考核權的同時要求其背負專案的成敗責任,由原傳統直線主管所負擔任務完成,權責轉移。
4.專案成員失去功能主管的保障,此可收破除技術本位主義之效,一切以專案完成之結果為導向。
5.透過專案績效考核,橫切破除組織山頭,專案經理隨機由總經理核定指派,並以完成專案為必然要求,由於指派權在總經理身上,在專案發生狀況時,總經理及客戶由原傳統找直線主管改為找專案經理,因此比較不會產生山頭文化。
本研究認為,在ODM的公司中,可透過此制度之執行,讓同仁產生高度投入與配合度,讓工作能有效率的完成,致使獲得良好的經營績效,雖然其對內部溝通、成員壓力與對制度上有些需要留意的部份,但在以團隊為基礎及激勵下,推動專案績效考核下,對公司的經營績效是有正面的幫助與影響。
摘要(英) Abstract
The concept of team-based work has already become widespread around the world. Hence, the team performance framework has also become paid attention in the organizations. Group performance is thought as a vital determinant and frequently used indicator of organizational outcome, so we are hard to image that which organization was not based on team performance to execute their essential competencies (Naquin & Tynan, 2003). In the business survey, we can find many companies put their most efforts on realizing team-based work and try to get maximum benefits (Roomkin, Rosen, & Dubbs, 1998).
In the OEM-based high-tech industry, the corporate form their project teams by customer need, and operate their projects by outcome-oriented and flexible management. The critical key of its success was the extent of project support from other managers. This key would help project managers to develop their strength to attain organizational performance in the matrix structure.
In our study, Z Company gives project managers right to execute performance appraisal while managers finished each project. This right is equivalent with department managers’. The measurement is force distribution which account for 50% of the annual performance appraisal for project members and the result is highly related with their promotion and bonus.
This study conducted by the questionnaire and the interview method, and according to analytic results, we could find the following phenomenon in the Z Company after conducting project performance evaluation system:
1. The department managers’ power is weakening after members are assigned in the project team. During the project, project managers have a right to evaluate members’ work situation, including their overtime, ask to leave, travel or others. In this time department managers have limit power to involve and original organizational structure have changed.
2. The result of performance appraisal is directly reported for general manager, not through line managers’ report. The general manager could get big effect from the appraisal result by line managers and objective appraisal by cross-monitoring managers.
3. There are some transformations of responsibilities in the company. Project managers are assigned with appraisal right and asked to undertake the outcome of project. Traditional responsibilities of line managers are transformable.
4. In the company each project is evaluated by result-based. Thus, project members will lose department managers’ protection and the consequences could help company to break the departmental selfishness.
5. As mentioned earlier, by the project performance evaluation system, company can break the departmental selfishness. Each project manager is assigned by general manager and they only put their effort on project completion. In addition, while projects have the problem, general manager and customers can quickly find project managers and they would be responsible for those mistake.
This study claimed that in the ODM Company, it can get better performance result by executing project management systems. This system would cause not only high employee involvement, but also effective work result. Although there are still some problem need to overcome (e.g. internal communication, members’ pressure, institution development), project management systems are proved having positive influence on company’’s operating performance.
關鍵字(中) ★ 專案管理
★ 專案
★ 功能式組織
★ 矩陣式組織
★ 團隊績效考核
★ 團隊獎勵
關鍵字(英) ★ Team Performance Reward
★ Project
★ Project Management
★ Function Structure
★ Matrix organization
★ Team Performance Appraisal
論文目次 目 錄
摘要----------- I
Abstract------III
誌謝-----------VI
目錄----------VII
表目錄---------IX
圖目錄----------X
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 1
1-2 研究目的 3
1-3 研究流程 4
1-4 研節架構 4
第二章 文獻探討 6
2-1 專案與專案管理 6
2-2 矩陣式組織與功能性組織之運作比較 13
2-3 團隊績效考核與獎勵 29
2-4 本章小結 38
第三章 Z公司專案績效制度執行現況之探討 41
3-1 個案公司背景 41
3-2 個案公司專案組織 44
3-3 個案公司專案績效考核及獎勵制度 50
第四章 Z公司專案績效制度問題之探討 62
4-1 執行專案績效考核制度之經營績效 62
4-2 專案績效考核制度之研究方法 66
4-3 專案績效考核制度之訪談結果 68
4-4 本章小結 78
第五章 結論與建議 82
5-1 結論 82
5-2 研究發現、建議與應用限制 89
參考文獻 93
附錄1 開放性訪談問題 97
附錄2 封閉式填答問題 98
附錄3 訪談記錄-1~6 101
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指導教授 黃同圳、鄭晉昌
(Tung-chun Huang、Jihn-chang Jehng)
審核日期 2011-7-3
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