博碩士論文 985201062 詳細資訊




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姓名 林毓誠(Yu-cheng Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 電機工程學系
論文名稱 600 V新型溝渠式載子儲存絕緣閘雙極性電晶體之設計
(A Design of 600 V New Carrier Store Trench-gate BipolarTransistor (CSTBT))
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摘要(中) 近年來電力的需求逐年上升,導致大量的自然資源花費並且排放大量的二氧化碳造成溫室效應。由於自然資源有限,人們必需更加有效率地利用資源去節省能源的損耗。
功率元件被大量地被使用在相當多領域,包括消費性電子、電源供應器、工業馬達驅動、火車及汽車電子等。為了要節省能源,可藉由降低功率半導體的功率損耗來達成。其中IGBT隨著技術的進步,促使了其應用範圍擴展到高頻與更高功率的領域。然而在台灣卻很少人投入IGBT的研究且無產品量產上市。
本論文將針對IGBT進行研究,而IGBT的發展主要是在於如何有效地降低導通壓降與提升關閉速度,來降低整體功率損耗。近年來改善IGBT的特性主要是藉由載子密度增加技術、降低從集極端電洞注入與增加載子生命週期等方向著手。本論文將對於這些技術進行探討,因而提出了新型的溝渠式載子儲存絕緣閘雙極性電晶體(CSTBT)且搭配場終止(Field-Sop)結構設計,而此設計主要是有關於CSTBT新的設計概念,為使用砷離子摻雜來形成載子儲存層且額外使用到磊晶製程。經由Tsuprem4與Medici模擬進行設計,結果顯示達到600 V耐壓的IGBT,且相較於無載子儲存層的FS-IGBT導通壓降低了0.42 V,約降低29 %的導通壓降,與低關閉下降時間34 ns。此結構也具有抑制傳統CSTBT臨限電壓變動的特性。最後也針對新型CSTBT提升其短路能力做出適當的設計。
摘要(英) In recently years, global electric demand is rising year by year, it result in a great mount of natural resource cost and emission of carbon dioxide causing greenhouse effect. Due to limited natural resources, people need to utilize efficiently these resources to economize the energy.
Using huge power semiconductor in a lot of field in consumer electronics, power supply, industrial motor drives, trains and car electronics. For saving energy, the power loss of power semiconductor need to reduce. Especially the progress of IGBT technology, it promote IGBT enhancement applied range of high frequency and high power. However, few people study IGBT and have no production in Taiwan.
This thesis carrier on research to IGBT. The development of IGBT mainly lies in how to reduce the on-state voltage and switching loss. Improve the performance of IGBT is realized by the carrier density enhancement technology, reduction of the collector side injection and long carrier lifetime. Therefore, this thesis focuses on these technologies to study. The proposed of the new CSTBT(Carrier Store Trench-Gate Bipolar Transistor)with the Field-Stop structure about a new design concept of CSTBT. The concept about using the Arsenic forms the carrier-store N layer and additional epi process. Consequently, we design a 600V IGBT that the on-state voltage is reduced almost 29 % compare with FS-IGBT and low turn-off fall time 34ns by the two-dimensional simulator Tsuprem4 and Medici. And new CSTBT has uniformity of threshold voltage character. Finally to improve new CSTBT short-circuit capability is designed.
關鍵字(中) ★ 功率元件
★ 絕緣閘雙極性電晶體
關鍵字(英) ★ CSTBT
★ IGBT
論文目次 摘要 IV
Abstract V
致謝 VI
目錄 VII
圖目錄 X
表目錄 XIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2 論文架構 4
第二章 IGBT技術發展 5
2.1前言 5
2.2功率元件之比較 5
2.3 IGBT表面結構發展 6
2.4 IGBT背部結構發展 9
2.4.1 穿透型(Punch-Through, PT)IGBT 9
2.4.2 非穿透型(Non-Punch Through, NPT)IGBT 10
2.4.3 場終止型(Field-Stop, FS)IGBT 10
2.5 相關研究發展 12
2.5.1 Injection enhanced insulated gate bipolar transistor(IEGT) 13
2.5.2 Carrier Store Trench-Gate Bipolar Transistor(CSTBT) 13
2.5.3 High-Conductivity IGBT(HiGT) 14
2.5.4 Trench Field Stop IGBT(Trenchstop IGBT) 16
2.5.6 Enhanced-Planar IGBT(EP-IGBT) 17
2.5.7 Double-Gate Trench IGBT(DG-TIGBT) 18
2.6 結論 19
第三章 IGBT基本工作原理 20
3.1前言 20
3.2元件基本結構特性 20
3.3元件基本操作原理 20
3.3.1逆向耐壓狀態(Reverse Blocking State) 20
3.3.2順向耐壓狀態(Forward Blocking State) 21
3.3.3導通狀態(On-State) 21
3.4元件崩潰之機制 24
3.4.1累增型崩潰 24
3.4.2穿透型崩潰 26
3.5動態特性 26
3.5.1導通(Turn-on) 27
3.5.2關閉(Turn-off) 27
3.5.3動態參數定義 28
3.6短路能力 29
3.7結論 32
第四章 新型CSTBT元件設計與模擬 33
4.1 前言 33
4.2元件設計目標 33
4.3元件模擬設計之基本製程參數 34
4.4新型CSTBT結構之設計 34
4.4.1以FS-IGBT為基礎設計背部結構 34
4.4.1.1 FS-IGBT製程模擬設計 35
4.4.1.2 FS-IGBT注入效率之探討 41
4.4.1.3 FS-IGBT場終止層濃度之探討 45
4.4.2傳統CSTBT結構之模擬設計 47
4.4.2.1傳統CSTBT製程模擬設計 47
4.4.2.2傳統CSTBT載子儲存層之探討與設計 50
4.4.3新型CSTBT製程模擬設計 55
4.4.4新型CSTBT N-磊晶層厚度與載子儲存層設計 58
4.4.4.1新型CSTBT N-磊晶層厚度之探討 58
4.4.4.2新型CSTBT載子儲存層之探討與設計 60
4.4.5新型CSTBT動態特性之探討 63
4.5 FS-IGBT、傳統CSTBT與新型CSTBT之特性比較 64
4.6 新型CSTBT短路能力之改善 68
4.7 新型CSTBT邊緣終端區設計 68
4.8結論 72
第五章 結論 73
參考文獻 74
附錄A IGBT動態量測 78
附錄B 口試問題回答 80
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指導教授 辛裕明(Yue-ming Hsin) 審核日期 2011-7-26
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