博碩士論文 990202601 詳細資訊




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姓名 孟可竹(Munkhzul Dorjsuren)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 遙測科技碩士學位學程
論文名稱 應用 TVDI 於監測蒙古之乾旱
(Using Temperature Vegetation Dryness Index (TVDI) in Drought Monitoring over Mongolia)
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摘要(中) 乾旱及沙漠化與區域社會和經濟因素有著密切的關係。氣象乾旱
的各種特性對農業產量造成影響,如降水短缺、實際和潛在蒸發散量
間的差異、土壤水分缺乏及其他土壤和植物之生理因素。本文將探討
利用遙測技術監測蒙古之乾旱狀況。
本研究應用MODIS/Terra 影像計算溫度植被乾旱指數(TVDI),並
應用該指標監測蒙古2002-2009 年的夏季乾旱變化情形。EVI-Ts 特徵空間(feature space)是由地表溫度(Ts)和增揚植被指數(EVI)所構成,並進一步獲得TVDI,以表示蒙古地區之乾旱情形。研究結果將TVDI乾旱條件分為五個等級:濕潤(0-0.2);半濕潤地區(0.2-0.4);正常(0.4-0.6),中度乾旱(0.6-0.8)及嚴重乾旱(0.8-1.0)。並收集地面測站之氣象資料與土壤濕度資料與TVDI 進行比對。
摘要(英) Drought and desertification are closely related with social and economic factors. Various characteristics of meteorological drought cause impacts on agricultural yields, such as precipitation shortages, differences
between actual and potential evapotranspiration, soil water deficits, and other physiologic factors of the soil and plants. In this paper, remote sensing is utilized to monitor drought condition over Mongolia. In this study, the Temperature Vegetation Dryness Index (TVDI) which is derived from MODIS/Terra data was applied to monitor the
drought over Mongolia in the summer season from 2002 to 2009. Based on the EVI-Ts feature space, which was constructed by Land Surface Temperature (Ts) and Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) extracted from the MODIS satellite data, the TVDI was calculated to characterize the drought condition. According to the classification standard of TVDI used in the literature, the drought condition was divided into five grades: humid (0-0.2), sub-humid (0.2-0.4), normal (0.4-0.6), moderate drought (0.6-0.8), and severe drought (0.8-1.0). The meteorological data and soil moisture data were collected to compare with TVDI.
關鍵字(中) ★ 蒙古
★ 增強植被指數
★ 地表溫度
★ 溫度植被乾旱指數
★ MODIS/Terra
關鍵字(英) ★ Land surface temperature(Ts)
★ Enhanced Vegetation Index(EVI)
★ Mongolia
★ MODIS/Terra
★ Temperature Vegetation Dryness Index(TVDI)
論文目次 Abstract ................................................ i
Acknowledgments ........................................ ii
Contents ................................................ v
List of figures ....................................... viii
Explanation of Symbols ................................. x
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION .................................. 1
1.1 Global Climate Change Perspective ................... 1
1.2 The Mongolian Current Climate Change ................ 2
1.3 Type of drought ..................................... 4
1.3.1 Meteorological (or climatological) drought ........ 4
1.3.2 Agricultural drought .............................. 5
1.3.3 Hydrological drought............................... 5
1.3.4 Socio-economic drought ............................ 6
1.4 Remote Sensing of Drought monitoring ................ 6
1.5 Objectives .......................................... 7
1.6 Research approach ................................... 8
Chapter 2 Methods and Materials ......................... 9
2.1 Study Area .......................................... 9
2.1.1 Geographic Location ............................... 9
2.1.2 Climate regime ....................................10
2.2 Research Methods ....................................14
2.2.1 Triangle method ...................................15
2.2.2 Land surface temperature (Ts) .....................16
2.2.3 Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) ...................16
2.2.4 Temperature Vegetation Dryness Index (TVDI) .......18
2.2.5 In-situ measurements data .........................19
2.3 Materials ...........................................19
2.3.1 MODIS Product Overview ............................19
2.3.2 MOD11_L2 LST product ..............................23
2.3.3 MOD13 A2 VI product ...............................25
Chapter 3 Data processing ...............................27
3.1 Bounding tiles ......................................27
3.2 MODIS Reprojection Tool (MRT) .......................27
3.3 Mosaic Tool (MRT) ...................................29
3.4 Resizing MOD11A2 and MOD13A2 ........................30
3.5 Subsetting MOD11A2 and MOD13A2 the using AOI ........31
3.6 Calculating scatter plot of EVI-Ts space using MATLAB 32
3.7 Calculating to draw TVDI map using MATLAB ...........35
3.8 Calculating to get value of TVDI using MATLAB .......36
3.9 Calculating to get value of Ts using MATLAB .........38
3.10 Modifying Ts function using MATLAB .................39
Chapter 4 Result and Discussions ........................43
4.1 MOD11A2 of MODIS/Terra data .........................43
4.2 MOD13A2 of MODIS/Terra data .........................45
4.3 EVI-Ts scatter plot and TVDI map ....................47
4.4 Validation with in situ data ........................53
4.5 Temporal analysis ...................................55
Chapter 5 Conclusions ...................................60
Bibliographies ..........................................62
Appendix ................................................64
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[10] Yang, X., J. J. Wu, P. J. Shi, F. Yan, "Modified triangle method to estimate soil moisture status with Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) products" The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences. Vol. XXXVII. Part B8. Beijing 2008, pp. 555-559.
[11] Lambin, E. F., & Ehrlich, D., 1996. The surface temperature – vegetation index space for land cover and land-cover change analysis. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 17, pp. 463-487.
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[13] Huete, A., Didan, K., Miura, T., Rodriguez, E. P., Gao, X., & Ferreira, L. G., 2002. Overview of the radiometric and biophysical performance of the MODIS vegetation indices. Remote Sensing of Environment, 83, pp. 195-213.
[14] Qi Shuhua, Wang Changyao, Niu Zheng, "Evaluating soil moisture status in China using the temperature/vegetation dryness index(TVDI)", Journal of remote sensing, 2003, 7(5), pp. 420-428.
[15] IPCC. Stabilization of Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases: Physical, Biological and Socio-economic Implications (2007).
[16] Dagvadorj, D., Natsagdorj, L., Dorjpurev, J., Namkhainyam, B., 2010. Mongolia Assessment Report on Climate Change 2009.
指導教授 劉說安(Yuei-An Liou) 審核日期 2012-7-9
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