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姓名 陳怡伶(Yi-ling Chen)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 化學學系
論文名稱 合成具雙亞胺苊和其它亞胺型的光敏劑以應用在 染料敏化太陽能電池上
(Synthesis of Acenaphthene Diimine and OtherImine-Based Photosensitizers for Dye SensitizedSolar Cell Applications )
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摘要(中) 我們成功的利用imine ligands來取代傳統釕金屬染料的bipyridine
ligand,合成了兩個新穎的染料IM101與IM104以應用在染料敏化太陽能電
池上,並偵測其光電物理性質。目前應用在染料敏化太陽能電池的染料大
多都以N3為模板來進行修飾,而我們引進亞胺來取代N3上的bipyridine
ligand,以亞胺為ancillary ligands的新型釕金屬染料,其UV吸收光譜和N719
相比之下,表現出較高的吸收度且有較紅位移的表現。染料IM101與IM104
成功的被合成並且具有好的光電性質表現,期望此類型染料可以具有很好
的光電轉換效率並且開啟設計新一代染料設計的無限可能性。
摘要(英) Two new imine-based ruthenium sensitizers, coded as IM104 and IM101, in
which one or two bipyridine ligand in the traditional ruthenium complexes
replaced by the imine ligands, respectively, have been synthesized, characterized
and studied their photo-physical properties for dye-sensitized solar cell
applications. The electronic properties of these new dyes were characterized by
combining UV-vis spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques. Incorporating
imine moiety as ancillary ligands in ruthenium complexes serves as the
considerable electronic coupling between the imine ligand and ruthenium metal.
Hence, both dyes displayed a remarkably high molar extinction coefficient
arising from red-shift of their metal-to-ligand charge transfer band when
compared to a commonly used N719 sensitizer. The results reported herein
provide important synthetic advances for our broader goal of developing
imine-based ruthenium complexes for light-harvesting applications. Further, the
present work will open the infinite possibilities to design the dyes for the next
generation.
關鍵字(中) ★ 亞胺
★ 染料敏化太陽能電池
關鍵字(英) ★ Dye Sensitized Solar Cell
★ imine
論文目次 第一章 序論.................................................1
1-1 前言...................................................
1-2 太陽能電池的發展與種類................................. 4
1-2-1 第一代太陽能電池.................................. 5
1-2-2 第二代太陽能電池.................................. 6
1-2-3 第三代太陽能電池.................................. 7
1-3 敏化染料太陽能電池..................................... 9
1-3-1 基本構造.......................................... 9
1-3-2 光電轉換原理..................................... 11
1-3-3 半導體電極....................................... 14
1-3-4 電解液........................................... 15
1-3-5 光敏化染料....................................... 15
1-3-6 金屬錯合物與文獻探討............................. 16
1-4 結構設計慨念與動機.................................. 25
1-4-A Bidentate類型配位基............................. 25
1-4-B Tetradentate類型配位基.......................... 27
第二章 結果與討論............................................30
2-1 合成策略............................................. 30
2-1-A Bidentate類型配位基............................. 30
2-1-A-1 染料Ancillary ligand的合成................. 31
2-1-A-2 染料Anchoring ligand的合成................. 31
2-1-A-3 染料IM104 的合成........................... 32
2-1-B Tetradentate類型配位基.......................... 34
2-1-B-1 Alkylation ................................. 35
2-1-B-2 Lithium-halogen exchange ................... 35
2-1-B-3 合成Compound 5 ............................. 36
2-1-B-4 合成染料IM101 .............................. 37
2-2 染料光電性質探討.................................... 40
2-2-A Bidentate類型配位基............................. 40
2-2-B Tetradentate類型配位基.......................... 43
第三章 實驗部分與光譜數據.....................................46
3-1 實驗儀器............................................. 46
3-2 實驗藥品............................................. 47
3-3-A 染料IM104 實驗步驟與光譜數據.................... 47
3-3-B 染料IM101 實驗步驟與光譜數據.................... 52
參考文獻...................................................60
附圖......................................................64
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指導教授 李文仁(Wen-Ren Li) 審核日期 2012-6-13
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