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姓名 吳欣怡(Hsin-Yi Wu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 化學學系
論文名稱 手性四氫噻吩配位基的合成及其應用在不對稱催化反應之研究
(Studies of Chiral Tetrahydrothiophenes in Asymmetric Catalysis)
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摘要(中) 四氫噻吩衍生物 (S)-diphenyl(tetrahydrothiophen-2-yl)methanol (1) 的合成是以市售5-溴戊酸為起始物,經由五步的合成路徑而得。除此之外,我們將探討 (S)-(1) 於不對稱催化領域的應用,如:不對稱環氧化反應、不對稱烯丙基取代反應。在不對稱環氧化的應用上,最佳可以得到反式產物 (34) 92 % e.e;而不對稱烯丙基烷化卅醚化的應用上,仍有改善的空間。
摘要(英) A novel chiral tetrahydrothiophene derivative (1) was obtained enantioselectively from commercially available 5-bromopentanoic acid through a 5- step synthetic route. We also demostrated the applications of this chiral ligand in asymmetric sulfur ylide epoxidation and organometallic asymmetric allylic substitution.
關鍵字(中) ★ 不對稱催化
★ 四氫噻吩配位基
關鍵字(英) ★ Asymmetric Catalysis
★ Tetrahydrothiophenes
論文目次 中文摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
目錄 Table of Contents iii
圖目錄 List of Figures v
表目錄 List of Tables viii
縮寫列表 List of Abbreviations ix
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 配位基 diphenyl(tetrahydrothiophen-2-yl)methanol (1) 簡介 1
1-1-1 (R)-diphenyl(tetrahydrothiophen-2-yl)methanol (1) 合成路徑 1
1-1-2 (S)-diphenyl(tetrahydrothiophen-2-yl)methanol (1) 合成路徑 2
1-1-3 以苯甲醛為起始物進行不對稱烷基化催化反應 3
1-2 環氧化反應 (epoxidation) 5
1-2-1 以硫化物作為催化劑進行環氧化反應 (Sulfide-catalyzed epoxidations) 6
1-2-2 以硫化物催化不對稱環氧化反應 6
1-2-3 天然物合成之應用 9
1-3 過渡金屬催化不對稱烯丙基烷化反應 10
1-3-2 釕金屬錯合物催化不對稱烯丙基反應 12
第二章 結果與討論 14
2-1 配位基 (ligand) (S)-(1) 的合成 14
2-1-1 逆合成分析 15
2-1-2 配位基 (S)-(1) 的製備 16
2-2 不對稱硫化物催化環氧化反應之應用 22
2-2-1 將配位基 (1) 應用於不對稱環氧化反應 22
2-2-2 製備配位基 (S)-2-(methoxydiphenylmethyl)tetrahydrothiophene (20) 27
2-2-3 製備配位基 (S)-(diphenyl(tetrahydrothiophen-2-yl)methoxy) trimethylsilane (21) 27
2-2-4 製備配位基 (S)-2-((benzyloxy)diphenylmethyl)tetrahydrothiophene (22) 28
2-2-5 製備配位基 (S)-2-(isopropoxydiphenylmethyl)tetrahydrothiophene (42) 28
2-2-6 製備配位基 (S)-2-(phenoxydiphenylmethyl)tetrahydrothiophene (43) 29
2-3 配位基 (1) 於有機金屬不對稱催化反應上的應用 30
2-3-1 銅錯合物行不對稱烷化反應之選擇性初步研究 30
2-3-2 鈀錯合物進行不對稱烷化卅醚化反應之選擇性初步研究 33
2-3-3 製備可能的錯合物 (58) 及 (60) 34
2-3-4 釕錯合物行不對稱醚化及烷化反應之選擇性初步研究 36
2-3-5 製備配位基 (S)-(diphenyl(tetrahydrothiophen-2-yl)methoxy) diisopropylphosphine (49) 39
2-3-6 製備配位基 (S)-(diphenyl(tetrahydrothiophen-2-yl)methoxy) diphenylphosphine (50) 40
第三章 結論 41
第四章 實驗及光譜數據 42
4-1 實驗儀器 42
4-2 實驗步驟及光譜數據 44
第五章 參考文獻 69
附錄 Appendixes 77
X-ray crystallographic data of (S)-(1) 78
HPLC analysis 85
1H, 13C and 31P NMR Spectra 91
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指導教授 陳榮傑(Rong-Jie Chein) 審核日期 2012-8-28
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