博碩士論文 992205001 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:11 、訪客IP:3.85.245.126
姓名 陳奕先(Yi-Hsien Chen)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 統計研究所
論文名稱 (一)加權概似函數之強韌性探討 (二)影響代謝症候群短期發生及消失的相關危險因子探討
(A weighting scheme for rendering parametric likelihood more robust )
相關論文
★ 不需常態假設與不受離群值影響的選擇迴歸模型的方法★ 用卜瓦松與負二項分配建構非負連續隨機變數平均數之概似函數
★ 強韌變異數分析★ 用強韌概似函數分析具相關性之二分法資料
★ 利用Bartlett第二等式來估計有序資料的相關性★ 相關性連續與個數資料之強韌概似分析
★ 不偏估計函數之有效性比較★ 一個分析相關性資料的新方法-複合估計方程式
★ 利用 Bartlett 第二等式來推論模型假設錯誤下的變異數函數★ (一)零過多的個數資料之變異數函數的強韌推論 (二)影響糖尿病、高血壓短期發生的相關危險因子探討
★ 一個分析具相關性的連續與比例資料的簡單且強韌的方法★ 時間數列模型之統計推論
★ 複合概似函數有效性之探討★ 決定分析相關性資料時統計檢定力與樣本數的普世強韌法
★ 檢定DNA鹼基替換模型的新方法 - 考慮不同DNA鹼基間的相關性★ 針對名目、個數與有序資料迴歸係數統計檢定力計算的普世強韌法
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   至系統瀏覽論文 ( 永不開放)
摘要(中) (一)
資料中有離群值的存在可能會導致不合理的分析結果。本文探討Choi,Hall與 Presnell(2000)提出的加權對數概似函數之強韌性,並提出新的權重計算方式,與其它強韌分析方法做比較。
(二)
一些世代研究結果顯示,飲食形態會增加或減少心血管疾病的危險性,過去的研究顯示,心血管疾病與日後發生第二型糖尿病都和代謝症候群有直接的關係。國內一些本土流行病學調查並無詳細探討飲食型態與心血管疾病的危險因子的相關,因此本研究想了解素食對心血管疾病是否有影響。以往代謝症候群相關研究主要在探討盛行率與發生率,少有探討代謝症候群的消失率,這也是我們研究目的之一。
本篇論文研究分四個部分:(1)探討平鎮地區代謝症候群的盛行率、(2)探討影響一年代謝症候群發生、消失相關危險因子、(3)探討一年代謝症候群發生、消失率、(4)探討兩年代謝症候群發生、消失率。
我們發現運動習慣、喝酒習慣以及身體質量指數都是具有顯著影響的危險因子。
摘要(英) The existence of outliers might endanger the legitimacy of the conclusion of the analysis.
This thesis scrutinizes the robustness property of the weighted likelihood method proposed by Choi, Hall and Presnell(2000) and introduces a new set of weights to gain robustness. Comparison of several robust approaches will also be made.
關鍵字(中) ★ 離群值
★ 強韌概似函數
★ 加權概似函數
關鍵字(英) ★ Outlier
★ Robust likelihood
★ Weighted likelihood
論文目次 (一)
摘要i
Abstractii
致謝詞iii
目錄iv
表目錄vi
圖目錄vii
第一章 緒論1
第二章 強韌概似函數與CHP方法3
2.1強韌概似函數3
2.2 CHP方法6
2.2.1 計算方式7
2.2.2 δ的選取8
2.2.3 例子8
第三章 加權概似函數10
第四章 模擬研究13
第五章 實例分析24
5.1實例分析一24
5.2實例分析二28
第六章 結論33
參考文獻34
(二)
摘要I
目錄II
表目錄IV
第一章緒論1
第二章研究方法5
2.1代謝症候群定義5
2.2邏吉斯迴歸模型(LOGISTIC REGRESSION MODEL)7
2.3 代謝症候群盛行率7
2.4影響一年代謝症候群發生、消失相關危險因子9
2.5代謝症候群一年發生率與消失率10
2.6代謝症候群兩年發生率與消失率12
第三章資料分析14
3.1資料收集15
3.2代謝症候群盛行率16
3.3影響一年代謝症候群發生、消失相關危險因子19
3.4代謝症候群一年發生率、消失率24
3.5代謝症候群兩年發生率、消失率31
第四章結論39
參考文獻40
參考文獻 (一)
Basu, A. Harris, I. R., Hjort, N. L. & Jones, M. C. (1998). “Robust and efficient estimation by minimizing a density power divergence.” Biometrics. 85, 549-59
Cressie, N. A. C. & Read, T. R. C. (1984). “Multinomial goodness-of-fit tests.” J. R. Statist. Soc. B61, 143-58
Edwin Choi, Peter Hall, Brett Presnell. (2000). “Rendering parametric procedures more robust by empirically tilting the model.” Biometrics. 87, 453-465
Hoel, D. G. (1972). “A representation of mortality data by competing risks.” Biometrics. 28, 475-88
Royall, R. and Tsou, T.S. (2003) “Interpreting statistical evidence by using imperfect models: robust adjust likelihood functions,” J.R. Statist. Soc.B, 65, 391-404
Tiede, J. J. & Pagano, M. (1979). “The application of robust calibration to radioimmunoassay.” Biometrics. 35, 567-74
Tsou, T.S. (2009) “Regression Analysis.” Communications in Statistics-Theory and Methods, 38, 1680-1689
Windham, M. P. (1995). “Robustifying model fitting”. J. R. Statist. Soc. B57, 599-609
(二)
[1]LiauChiau-Suong(2004). Cardiovascular disease in later life in
Taiwan.Geriatrics & Gerontology International;4(supp1): S304–6
[2]Wen CP, Cheng TY, Tsai SP, Hsu HL, Wang SL(2005).Increased
mortality risks of pre-diabetes (impaired fasting glucose) in
Taiwan.Diabetes Care;28(11):2756-61
[3]Lawes CM, Rodgers A, Bennett DA, Parag V, Suh I, Ueshima H,
MacMahon S(2003); Asia Pacific Cohort Studies Collaboration. Blood
pressure and cardiovascular disease in the Asia Pacific region.J
Hypertens;21(4):707-16.
[4]Chiu HC, Mau LW, Chang HY, Lee TK, Liu HW, Chang YY(2004).
Risk factors for cardiovascular disease in the elderly in
Taiwan.Kaohsiung J Med Sci;20(6):279-86.
[5] Pan WH, Chiang BN(1995).Plasma lipid profiles and epidemiology of
atherosclerotic diseases in Taiwan--a unique
experience.Atherosclerosis;118(2):285-95.
[6] McLaughlin T, Allison G, Abbasi F, Lamendola C, Reaven G.
Prevalence of insulin resistance and associated cardiovascular disease
risk factors among normal weight, overweight, and obese individuals.
[7]Sattar N, Gaw A, Scherbakova O, Ford I, O’’Reilly DS, Haffner SM,
Isles C, Macfarlane PW, Packard CJ, Cobbe SM, Shepherd J(2003):
Metabolic syndrome with and without C-reactive protein as a predictor
of coronary heart disease and diabetes in the West of Scotland
Coronary Prevention Study. Circulation; 108(4):414-419.
[8]Lakka HM, Laaksonen DE, Lakka TA, Niskanen LK, Kumpusalo E,
Tuomilehto J, Salonen JT(2002): The metabolic syndrome and total
and cardiovascular disease mortality in middle-aged men.JAMA ;
288(21):2709-2716.
[9]Kuo-Chin Huang, Long-Teng Lee, Ching-Yu Chen,
Pei-Kun Sung(2008). All-cause and Cardiovascular Disease Mortality
Increased With Metabolic Syndrome in Taiwanese. Obesity; 16 (3):
684–689.
[10]Stampfer MJ, Hu FB, Manson JE, RimmEB,Willett WC(2000).
Primary prevention of coronary heart disease in women through diet
and lifestyle. N Engl J Med;343:16–22.
[11] Liu S, Lee IM, Ajani U, Cole SR, Buring JE, Manson JE(2001).
Intake of vegetables rich in carotenoids and risk of coronary heart
disease in men: The Physicians’’ Health Study.Int J Epidemiol;30:
130–5.
[12] Hu FB, Rimm EB, Stampfer MJ, Ascherio A, Spiegelman D, Willett
WC(2000). Prospective study of major dietary patterns and risk of
coronary heart disease in men. Am J Clin Nutr;72:912–21.
[13] Jacobs DR, Meyer KA, Kushi LH, Folsom AR(1998). Whole-grain
intake may reduce the risk of ischemic heart disease in
postmenopausal women: the Iowa Women’’s Health Study. Am J
ClinNutr;68:248–57.
[14] Fraser GE, Sabate J, Beeson WL, StrahanTM(1992). A possible
protective effect of nut consumption on risk of coronary heart
disease.Arch Intern Med;152:1416–24.
[15]SabateJ(1997). Nut consumption, vegetarian diets, ischemic heart
disease risk, and all-cause mortality: evidence from epidemiologic
studies. Am J Clin Nutr;70(suppl):500S–3S.
[16]Snowdon DA, Phillips RL, Fraser GE(1984). Meat consumption and
fatal ischemic heart disease.Prev Med;13:490–500.
[17] Burr ML, ButlandBK(1988). Heart disease in British vegetarians.Am
J Clin Nutr;48:830–2.
[18] Appleby PN, Thorogood M, Mann JI, Key TJA(1999). The Oxford
Vegetarian Study: an overview. Am J Clin Nutr;70(suppl):525S–
31S.
[19] Chang-Claude J, Frentzel-Beyme R, EilberU(1992). Mortality
patterns in German vegetarians after 11 years of follow-up.
Epidemiology;3:395–401.
[20] Key TJ, Fraser GE, Thorogood M, et al(1999). Mortality in
vegetarians and nonvegetarians: detailed findings from a
collaborative analysis of 5 prospective studies. Am J ClinNutr;
70(suppl):516S–24S.
[21]Key TJ, Fraser GE, Thorogood M, Appleby PN, Beral V, Reeves G,
Burr ML, Chang-Claude J, Frentzel-Beyme R, Kuzma JW, Mann J,
McPherson K(1998). Mortality in vegetarians and non-vegetarians: a
collaborative analysis of 8300 deaths among 76,000 men and women
in five prospective studies. Public Health Nutr.;1(1):33-41.
[22] Fung TT, Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, Manson JE, Hu FB(2001).
Dietary patterns and risk of coronary heart disease in women.Arch
Intern Med;161:1857–62.
[23] Van Dam RM, Willett WC, Rimm EB, Stampfer MJ, Hu FB(2002).
Dietary fat and meat intake in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes in
men.Diabetes Care;25:417–24.
[24]Salmeron J, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, Wing AL, Willett
WC(1997). Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of non-insulin
dependent diabetes in women.JAMA;277:472–7.
[25]Snowdon DA, Phillips RL(1985). Does a vegetarian diet reduce the
occurrence of diabetes? Am J Public Health;75:507–12.
[26]Tonstad S, Butler T, Yan R, Fraser GE(2009). Type of vegetarian diet,
body weight, and prevalence of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care.;
32(5):791-6. Epub 2009 Apr
[27] Appleby PN, Davey GK, Key TJ(2002). Hypertension and blood
pressure among meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans in
EPIC-Oxford. Public Health Nutr;5(5):645-54.
[28] Fraser GE(2009). Vegetarian diets: what do we know of their effects
on common chronic diseases? Am J Clin Nutr;89(5):1607S-1612S
[29]Famodu AA, Osilesi O, Makinde YO, OsonugaOA(1998). Blood
pressure and blood lipid levels among vegetarian, semi-vegetarian,
and non-vegetarian native Africans.Clin Biochem;31(7):545-9.
[30] Appleby PN, Thorogood M, McPherson K, Mann JI(1995).
Associations between plasma lipid concentrations and dietary,
lifestyle and physical factors in the Oxford Vegetarian Study.J Hum
Nutr Diet;8:305–14.
[31]Ferdowsian HR, Barnard ND(2009). Effects of plant-based diets on
plasma lipids. Am J Cardiol;104(7):947-56.
[32] Zhang L, Qin LQ, Liu AP, Wang PY(2010). Prevalence of risk
factors for cardiovascular disease and their associations with diet
and physical activity in suburban Beijing, China.J Epidemiol;20(3)
:237-43. Epub 2010 Apr 17.
[33]Esmaillzadeh A, AzadbakhtL(2008): Consumption of hydrogenated
vs. non-hydrogenated vegetable oils and risk of insulin resistance
and the metabolic syndrome among Iranian adult women. Diabetes
Care;31:223-6.
[34]Rumawas ME, Meigs JB, Dwyer JT, McKeown NM, Jacques
PF(2009). Mediterranean-style dietary pattern, reduced risk of
metabolic syndrome traits, and incidence in the Framingham
Offspring Cohort. Am J Clin Nutr;90(6):1608-14. Epub 2009 Oct 14.
[35]Valachovicova M, Krajcovicova-Kudlackova M, Blazicek P,
BabinskaK(2006): No evidence of insulin resistance in normal
weight vegetarians. A case control study. Eur J Nutr;45:52-54
[36]Kuo CS, Lai NS, Ho LT, Lin CL(2004): Insulin sensitivity in Chinese
ovo-lactovegetarians compared with omnivores.Eur J Clin Nutr;58:
312-316.
[37] Hung CJ, Huang PC, Li YH, Lu SC, Ho LT, Chou HF(2006):
Taiwanese vegetarians have higher insulin sensitivity than
omnivores. Br J Nutr;95:129-135.
[38] Key TJ, Appleby PN, RosellMS(2006): Health effects of vegetarian
and vegan diets.ProcNutr Soc;165:35-41.
[39] Craig WJ(2009). Health effects of vegan diets. Am J ClinNutr; 89(5):
1627S- 1633S.
[40] Obeid R, Geisel J, Schorr H, Hubner U, Herrmann W(2002): The
impact of vegetarianism on some haematological parameters. Eur J
Haematology;69(5-6):275-279.
[41]MckinleyMC(2000): Nutritional aspects and possible pathological
mechanisms of hyperhomocysteinaemia: An independent risk factor
for vascular disease. The proceedings of the Nutrition Society;59(2):
221-237.
[42]Fallon UB, Ben-Shlomo Y, Elwood P, Ubbink JB, Smith GD(2001).
Homocysteine and coronary heart disease in the Caerphilly cohort: a
10 year follow up. Heart;85(2):153-8.
[43]Humphrey LL, Fu R, Rogers K, Freeman M, HelfandM(2008).
Homocysteine level and coronary heart disease incidence: a
systematic review and meta-analysis. Mayo Clin Proc;83(11):
1203-12
[44] Lu FH, Tang SJ, Wu JS, Yang YC, Chang CJ(2000). Hypertension in
elderly persons: its prevalence and associated cardiovascular risk
factors in Tainan City, southern Taiwan. J Gerontol A BiolSci Med
Sci;55(8):M463-8.
[45] Chiu YW, Huang CT, Chuang HY, Chang YT, Wu MT, Liu
HW(2009). Sex differences in metabolic morbidities: influenced by
diet or exercise habits? Kaohsiung J Med Sci;25(12):647-55.
[46]吳麗芬、李偉強、林麗華、周幸生、楊雀戀、陳玉枝、鄒怡真、
紀美滿(2009):素食者飲食行為、營養及健康狀況的相關性調查。
榮總護理;26(2)153-161.
指導教授 鄒宗山(Tsung-shan Tsou) 審核日期 2012-6-27
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明