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姓名 王俊棋(Jun-qi Wang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 光電科學與工程學系
論文名稱 車用超廣角鏡頭設計
(Design of Ultra Wide Angle Lens System for Car)
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摘要(中) 本研究以控制相對照度為主軸,設計車用超廣角鏡頭,提出投影立體角之相對照度控制方法並討論如何使用F-θ畸變檢視超廣角鏡頭影像變形量。最後利用幾何方法,降低間距變化量的敏感度以及降低元件偏心的敏感度,使這兩項公差影響程度減緩,成功地提高了整個鏡組的良率。
  本研究自定義之投影立體角相對於光學軟體計算值於此設計最大誤差約有8 %,但是變化特性曲線是相似的。若再搭配軟體計算的穿透率,相對照度的誤差可以降低至0.94 % 左右。F-θ畸變檢視是依據像平面處的影像間距變化情形進行評價,並避開F-θ畸變的缺點,最後訂定了小視角區域與大視角區域的各別目標值。處理公差時利用的幾何方法為讓曲面變平滑與增加間距,使間距變化量與元件的的偏心量相對於設計尺寸變小,如此即能降低這兩項的公差影響程度。最後,成功設計出全視角150度、相對照度為75.2 % 之超廣角鏡頭設計。
摘要(英) The purpose of this study is to control the relative illumination on the image and design an ultra-wide angle lens that installed around a car. The concept of projected solid angle, that control the relative illumination on the image area and discuss how to use the F-θ distortion to estimate the deformation of image, is proposed in this study. We use its geometric relationship to reduce the sensitivity of thickness variation and element decenter, which can successfully increase the yield rate of the ultra wide angle lens.
Calculating the projected solid angle by user defined function with the software is different from that by the default method. The maximum error rate between them is about 8 %, but the characteristic curves are similar. If we considered the transmittance factor, the maximum error rate between them will be reduced to 0.94 %. Besides, we estimate the variation of the real image height to avoid the defect of F-θ distortion, and set the targets for the maximum field of view. Furthermore, let the aspheric surface smoother and increase the thickness between any aspheric surfaces, which can reduce the tolerance sensitivity of the thickness variation and the element decenter. Finally, an ultra-wide angle lens with the properties of 150 degree field of view and more than 75.2 % relative illumination is successfully designed in this study.
關鍵字(中) ★ 相對照度
★ 投影立體角
★ F-θ畸變
關鍵字(英) ★ Relative illuminance
★ Projected solid angle
★ F-θ distortion
論文目次 中文摘要       i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 歷史簡述 1
1-2 研究動機 3
1-3 論文架構 4
第二章 理論與方法 6
2-1-1 相對照度 6
2-1-2 相對照度控制方法 11
2-1-3 光暈因素對於相對照度的影響 13
2-2 F-θ畸變 14
第三章 超廣角鏡頭初階規格與成像目標 23
3-1 感測元件規格 24
3-2 鏡頭規格 25
3-3 初階規格 26
3-4 成像品質目標 27
3-5 生產後成像與鏡片規格 28
第四章 超廣角鏡頭設計過程與設計結果 29
4-1 起始值選取 29
4-2 設計過程 30
4-3 設計結果與分析比較 33
4-4 公差容忍度測試 63
第五章 結論與未來展望 70
參考文獻       71
附錄一       74
附錄二       75
附錄三       76
附錄四       78
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[3] W. N. Bond, "A Wide Angle Lens for Cloud Recording,"
Philos. Mag. 44,999 (1922).
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2, 878-883.
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[6] J. F.Wei, et al. "An Embedded Omnidirectional Vision
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78780N (2011).
[7] Z. Huang, J. Bai, and X. Hou, "A multi-spectrum fish-
eye lens for rice canopy detecting," Proc. SPIE 7849,
78491Z (2010).
[8] W. Li and Y. F. Li, "Single-camera panoramic stereo
imaging system with a fisheye lens and a convex mirror,"
Optics Express 19, 5855-5867 (2011).
[9] M. Reiss, "Notes on the Cos4 Law of Illumination," J.
Opt. Soc. Am. 38,980-986 (1948).
[10] M. C. de la Fuente and J. L. Rayces, "Pupil
Aberrations Control In Fish-Eye Lens With Diffractive
Surfaces," Proc. SPIE 5638, 330 (2004).
[11] H. R. Fallah and J. Maxwell, "Higher Order Pupil
Aberrations in Wide Angle and Panoramic Optical Systems,"
Proc. SPIE 2774, 342 (1996).
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[13] R. Kingslake, "Photo Graphic Optics," in Handbook of
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perspective with application in distortion centre
estimation," IMAGE VISION COMPUT 28, 538-551 (2010).
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[18] 孫文信,幾何光學,中央大學光電科學與工程學系,2010,
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[19] Y. Ji, W. Shen, and J. Yu, "Design of F-Τheta Lenses
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[21] 網路資料:大立光電產品系列/車用鏡頭。
取自http://www.largan.com.tw/html/product/product_car.asp。
[22] 網路資料:Omnivision/Products/Image Sensor/VGA.
取自http://www.ovt.com/products/sensor.php?id=74。
[23] I320285,數位影像解析度測試圖及其製作方法,孫文信,發明,公告日 2010/02/01。
[24] 孫文信,光學設計專題,中央大學光電科學與工程學系,2011。
[25] 陳裕菁,「超廣角車用鏡頭設計」,國立中央大學,碩士論文,民國99年。
指導教授 孫文信(Wen-Shing Sun) 審核日期 2012-7-23
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