博碩士論文 993203093 詳細資訊




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姓名 林正宜(Cheng-yi Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 機械工程學系
論文名稱 電化學放電加工於石英玻璃加工精度改善之研究
(The Research of Improving the Machining Quality and Accuracy inElectrochemical Discharge Machining)
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摘要(中) 微機電系統近年來在科技工業上扮演舉足輕重的角色,其中光學
玻璃和石英等硬脆材料的應用與日俱增。電化學放電加工(ECDM)是
加工非導電材料的新興加工技術,具有殘留熱應力低、加工精度高、
加工速率快以及電極磨耗低等優點。
  本文使用直徑100um之碳化鎢刀具作為工具電極,電解液採用
氫氧化鉀(KOH)溶液搭配不同濃度之乙醇(Ethanol),利用電化學放電
加工對石英玻璃進行鑽孔,分別使用不同電解液濃度、電壓、頻率、
電解液高度等參數,對於氣膜穩定性、厚度以及加工精度造成的影響
作研究與分析。
  實驗結果顯示,相較於未添加乙醇的電解液,在使用添加乙醇
6.5wt%的電解液作加工時,有較佳的表面過切量以及表面精度,並且
在加工時受到氣泡球的影響較少,電解液的對流效果也較好。添加
6.5wt%乙醇之電解液在過切量的表現上,比起未添加乙醇時,最多可
減少57%,而表面的熱影響區也大幅減少。
摘要(英) MEMS is one of the most important technology in the future. Pyrex glass and quartz are widely used in MEMS. Electrochemical discharge machining(ECDM) is one of the novel technologies applied on machining non-conductive materials. ECDM has serveral advantages, such as low residual stress on the surface, high quality, high machining rate and low tool electrode wear.
  A tungsten carbide cylindrical electrode with diameter of 100um is selected as the tool electrode. KOH solution contained with different concentration of ethanol is selected as the electrolyte. In this study, the method of ECDM is performed on drilling mirco holes on qurtz. By using the parameters, such as electrolyte concentration, applied voltage, frequency and electrolyte level, the stability and thickness of gas film along with the machining quality are analyzed.
  From experimental results, it shows that the overcut, quality on the hole entrance and electrolyte circulation are better when the electrolyte contains 6.5wt% of ethanol. The influences of gas bubble and the heat affected zone are also less. Compared with KOH electrolyte, the overcut of the electrolyte contains 6.5wt% of ethanol can be reduced up to 57%.
關鍵字(中) ★ 電化學放電加工
★ 石英玻璃
關鍵字(英) ★ Quartz
★ Electrochemical discharge machining
論文目次 摘要 ..................................................... I
Abstract ................................................. II
目錄 .................................................... III
表目錄 .................................................. VI
圖目錄 ................................................. VII
符號說明 ................................................ IX
第一章 緒論 .............................................. 1
1-1 前言 ............................................. 1
1-2 石英加工簡介 ...................................... 1
1-3 電化學放電加工簡介 ................................ 3
1-4 文獻回顧 .......................................... 4
1-4-1 電化學放電加工機制 ........................... 4
1-4-2 電化學放電加工製程 ........................... 8
1-5 研究目的與動機 ................................... 10
第 二 章 基本原理 ...................................... 12
2-1 電化學放電加工原理 ............................... 12
2-2 火花形成機制......................................13
2-3 電化學放電反應式..................................15
2-4 電解液導電度......................................17
2-5 接觸角與濕潤性....................................18
第三章 實驗設備方法與步驟 ............................... 20
3-1 實驗設備 ......................................... 20
3-1-1 機台結構設計............................... 20
3-1-2 刀具進給控制系統........................... 21
3-1-3 脈衝式直流電源供應系統..................... 21
3-1-4 聯軸器及導電夾具........................... 22
3-1-5 示波器與電流探測棒.............................. 22
3-2 實驗材料 ......................................... 22
3-3 實驗步驟及注意事項 ............................... 24
3-3-1 實驗步驟 .................................... 24
3-3-2 實驗量測與拍攝 .............................. 26
3-3-3 實驗注意事項 ................................ 26
第四章 結果與討論....................................... 27
4-1 電解液濃度對電化學放電加工影響 ................... 30
4-2 電解液高度對電化學放電加工影響 ................... 32
4-3 加工電壓對電化學放電加工影響 ..................... 33
4-4 加工頻率對電化學放電加工影響 ..................... 35
4-5 氣泡球對電化學放電加工影響 ....................... 37
第五章 結論與未來展望 ................................... 41
5-1 結論 ............................................ 41
5-2 未來展望 ......................................... 42
參考文獻 ................................................ 43
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指導教授 洪勵吾(Lih-wu Hourng) 審核日期 2012-7-10
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