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姓名 江鴻偉(Hung-wei Chiang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 光機電工程研究所
論文名稱 應用於太陽能聚光器之等光路型與金字塔型二次光學元件的分析與比較
(Analysis and comparison of equal optical path type and pyramid type secondary optical elements applied in solar concentrators)
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摘要(中) 本研究應用二次光學元件設計方法,利用等光路設計建構太陽能聚光器,使用光學模擬軟體分析其光學效率、容忍角度與輻射照度等。主要目的為提升太陽能聚光器的容忍角度,降低太陽偏差角度所造成的能量損失,以及使能量分佈均勻,提升發電效益。
本研究比較四種不同的二次光學元件:折射式等光路設計之二次光學元件、折射式金字塔型二次光學元件以及反射式金字塔型二次光學元件、實現同步多曲面設計方法設計之複合式太陽能聚光器,模擬初始設計並進一步進階設計,分析其光學特性並進行比較。
論文中針對容忍角度較佳的折射式等光路設計之二次光學元件探討在多波段與組裝誤差的情況下,對於聚光器之光學特性造成的影響。
摘要(英) Based on the design methods for secondary optical elements, this thesis utilizes the equal optical path to build the solar concentrator and the optical simulation software to analyze the optical efficiency, acceptance angle and irradiance. The primary purpose is to improve the acceptance angle of solar concentrator, reduce the energy loss caused by sun angle deviations, distribute the energy evenly and finally promote the benefit of power generation.
In this paper, four types of secondary optical elements are compared, including kaleidoscope with equal optical path design, kaleidoscope with flat top surface, specular pyramid and the compound solar concentrator via the simultaneous multiple surfaces design method. This study simulates the initial design and carries out the advanced design, so as to analyze and compare the optical properties.
This thesis also analyzes the impacts of the broad band and assembly errors on the optical performance of the type of kaleidoscope with equal optical path design.
關鍵字(中) ★ 太陽能聚光器
★ 等光路
★ 金字塔
★ 二次光學元件
關鍵字(英) ★ Solar concentrator
★ Equal optical path
★ Pyramid
★ Secondary optical element
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 x
符號說明 xi
第1章 前言 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 文獻回顧 2
1.2.1 平板式聚光透鏡 2
1.2.2 二次光學元件 9
1.2.3 自由曲面(Free-Form)設計之光學模組 15
1.2.4 波導形式之光學模組 17
1.3 研究目的 19
1.4 論文架構 19
第2章 基本理論 21
2.1 輻射度學與聚光型太陽能相關名詞介紹 21
2.2 邊緣光線原則 22
2.3 光線與波前之關係 23
2.4 菲涅爾透鏡設計 25
2.5 空氣質量與輻射照度之關係 28
第3章 菲涅爾透鏡與二次光學元件設計 30
3.1 菲涅爾透鏡 30
3.1.1 菲涅爾透鏡光學模擬 32
3.2 二次光學元件介紹 35
3.3 二次光學元件數學模型 35
3.3.1 折射式等光路設計之二次光學元件 35
3.3.2 折射式金字塔型二次光學元件 46
3.3.3 反射式金字塔型二次光學元件 50
3.4 討論 52
第4章 應用於菲涅爾透鏡之二次光學元件進階設計與組裝誤差 54
4.1 二次光學元件進階設計 54
4.1.1 折射式等光路設計之二次光學元件進階設計 54
4.1.2 折射式金字塔型二次光學元件進階設計 65
4.1.3 反射式金字塔型二次光學元件進階設計 73
4.2 應用於菲涅爾透鏡之二次光學元件比較 79
4.3 折射式等光路設計之二次光學元件組裝誤差 81
4.3.1 主鏡的位移誤差分析 82
4.3.2 主鏡的傾斜誤差分析 88
4.3.3 二次光學元件的徑向組裝誤差分析 92
4.3.4 二次光學元件的偏航角度誤差分析 94
4.3.5 太陽能電池的位移誤差分析 96
4.3.6 討論 98
4.3.7 綜合組裝誤差分析 100
4.4 折射式等光路設計之二次光學元件多波段模擬分析 101
4.5 討論 107
第5章 TIR-R太陽能聚光器 108
5.1 TIR-R太陽能聚光器之數學模型 108
5.2 TIR-R太陽能聚光器之初始模擬分析與比較 115
5.3 結論 119
第6章 結論與未來展望 121
6.1 結論 121
6.2 未來展望 122
參考文獻 123
附錄一 129
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指導教授 陳怡呈(Yi-cheng Chen) 審核日期 2012-11-7
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