博碩士論文 994203040 詳細資訊




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姓名 邱紹恩(Shau-en Chiu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊管理學系
論文名稱 合奏學習式智慧型系統在分類問題之研究
(A Study on Classification Using Neuro-Fuzzy Ensemble Learning)
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摘要(中) 在資料探勘和機器學習中,分類是一個很重要的議題,分類被廣泛地應用在金融、醫學、生物、圖樣辨識等領域。分類模型能有效地建模並且正確地預測未知樣本所屬的類別是很重要的。本研究提出一種結合模糊類神經理論和適應性推進法(Adaptive boosting, AdaBoost)建構一種以模糊類神經系統(Neuro-fuzzy system, NFS)為架構之合奏分類器(Ensemble classifier),並將其應用於分類問題上。本研究提出的合奏分類器(Ensemble classifier)是由NFS元件分類器(Component classifier)所構成。在NFS合奏分類器之建模(Modeling)上,分成結構學習階段和參數學習階段; 在結構學習階段中,使用模糊C平均分裂演算法(FCM-based splitting algorithm, FBSA)來自動決定NFS元件分類器的最佳結構,在參數學習階段中,使用粒子群最佳化(Particle swarm optimization, PSO)來調整NFS元件分類器的前鑑部參數,遞迴最小平方法(Recursive least-squares estimator, RLSE)則被用來調整其後鑑部參數。為了提升系統建模的效率,本研究使用主成分分析(Principal component analysis, PCA)來萃取出重要的屬性特徵,不但可以節省分類器之計算時間還能提升分類正確率。本研究使用加州大學爾灣分校(University of California - Irvine, UCI)機器學習資料庫中的六個資料集來檢驗本研究提出之方法,並與其他著名的研究方法比較分類正確率。實驗結果顯示本研究提出方法有較佳之分類正確率,實證了本論文提出的研究方法有良好的表現。
摘要(英) In data mining and machine learning, classification is an important research issue. Classification has been widely applied in medicine, biology, finance, pattern recognition, and more. It is very important that a classification model can be modeled effectively to predict unseen samples for their classes accurately. In this study, we present a neuro-fuzzy system based ensemble classifier that uses both the theory of neuro-fuzzy system (NFS) and the adaptive boosting algorithm to the problem of classification. The proposed ensemble classifier is composed a set of the NFS component classifiers. The modeling of proposed NFS ensemble classifier comprises the phases of structure learning and parameter learning. In the structure-learning phase, the method of FCM-based splitting algorithm (FBSA) is used to determine the number of If-Then rules for NFS component classifier. In the parameter-learning phase, the PSO-RLSE hybrid learning method is used that comprises the method of particle swarm optimization (PSO) and the algorithm of recursive least squares estimation (RLSE), where PSO is used to adjust the premise parameters of an NFS component classifier and RLSE is used to update the consequent parameters. Moreover, for the purpose of classification performance and computational time reduction, the method of principal component analysis is used to extract important features for the modeling by the proposed approach. In this study, six datasets from the University of California - Irvine (UCI) machine learning repository were used to test the proposed approach, whose results are compared with those by other noted approaches. The proposed approach can get good performance in classification. Through the experimental results, the proposed approach shows excellent performance and outperforms the compared approaches.
關鍵字(中) ★ 主成分分析
★ 模糊類神經系統
★ 混合式學習法
★ 適應性推進法
★ 合奏學習分類
關鍵字(英) ★ adaptive boosting
★ hybrid learning
★ neuro-fuzzy system
★ principal component analysis
★ ensemble learning classification
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 vii
第 1 章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2問題描述與研究方法概述 5
1.3論文架構 6
第 2 章 研究方法 7
2.1主成分分析 7
2.2模糊集合 8
2.3模糊類神經系統 9
2.4適應性推進法 11
2.5模糊C平均分裂演算法 12
2.6混合式學習法 15
2.6.1粒子群最佳化 15
2.6.2遞迴最小平方估計法 16
第 3 章 系統設計與架構 18
3.1模糊類神經系統合奏分類器之架構與設計 18
3.2模糊類神經系統與合奏學習演算法之結合 22
3.3分類決策機制 24
3.4合奏分類器之結構 25
3.5結構學習 27
3.6參數學習 28
第 4 章 實驗 30
4.1實驗一:原始威斯康辛州的乳癌資料集 30
4.2實驗二:國會投票紀錄資料集 38
4.3實驗三:澳大利亞信用評核資料集 43
4.4實驗四:鳶尾花植物資料集 49
4.5實驗五:葡萄酒辨識資料集 54
4.6實驗六:動物園資料集 60
第 5 章 討論 65
第 6 章 結論與未來研究方向 69
6.1結論 69
6.2未來研究方向 71
參考文獻 74
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指導教授 李俊賢(Chunshien Li) 審核日期 2012-7-22
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