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姓名 卓昆明(Kun-ming Jhuo)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 經濟學系
論文名稱 中國出口對鄰近東亞國家之影響
(The impact of China on the exports of East Asian countries)
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摘要(中) 本文以引力模型估計在1995~2010年間,東亞國家出口的貿易量是否受到中國出口的影響:亦即,中國出口對東亞國家出口是替代還是互補關係。除了整體貿易外,在全球生產分工趨勢的考量下,將產品依照生產階段劃分為初級產品、中間產品與最終產品,分別檢視中國出口對東亞國家三種財貨的效果。
計量方法採用fixed effect vector decomposition (FEVD),此模型可以解決不隨時間改變的變數在固定效果模型下無法估計的問題,而且更具有效率性。實證結果發現不存在排擠效果,中國出口對東亞國家是互補。在東亞地區的生產分工下,中國為最終產品的加工組裝中心,並且從鄰近東亞國家進口原物料和中間財。當中國最終財貨出口越多的時候,他從鄰近東亞國家進口越多的原物料和中間財。所以中國市場的擴張可以推動亞洲其他國家出口成長。
摘要(英) This paper uses gravity model to explore whether the growth of China’s exports is displacing exports of other Asian countries during the period 1995-2010. In addition to total trade, we consider the trend in “production sharing” and further disaggregate total trade into primary goods, intermediate goods and final goods according to the production stage.
In order to control for the unobserved heterogeneity between two countries, it is good to use fixed-effect model. However, a common problem that arises when applying the FEM estimator to gravity models is that the within transformation does not give the estimates for the time-invariant variables. We overcome this limitation by applying the FEVD, a recent panel data technique that allows estimating the time-invariant variables. This estimator has also the advantage to improve the estimation efficiency for those variables with a relative low within variance.
Our empirical result shows that china’s export is complementary rather than substitute. The ongoing process of production fragmentation opens up opportunities for countries to specialize indifferent slices of the production process depending on their relative cost advantage. China plays a role as the final assembly center in the production line, and imports intermediate goods from nearby Asian countries. When China exports more final goods, East Asia countries will export more raw materials and intermediate goods to China and the intra-region countries. So the “China effect” is actually positive.
關鍵字(中) ★ 固定效果
★ 排擠效果
★ 出口
★ 中國
★ 東亞
★ 引力模型
關鍵字(英) ★ fixed effect
★ crowding out
★ export
★ China
★ East Asia
★ gravity model
論文目次 目錄..................................................i
圖目錄...............................................ii
表目錄..............................................iii
第一章 緒論...........................................1
第一節 研究動機.....................................1
第二節 研究目的.....................................3
第三節 研究架構.....................................3
第二章 中國與東亞國家概況.............................4
第一節 中國與東亞國家經濟發展歷程...................4
第二節 生產的國際分工與東亞地區分工模式發展.........8
第三章 文獻回顧......................................13
第一節 可計算一般均衡分析..........................13
第二節 引力模型....................................15
第四章 資料處理與實證模型設定........................18
第一節 資料來源與處理..............................18
第二節 實證模型設定與變數說明......................20
第三節 計量估計方法................................23
第五章 實證結果與分析................................26
第一節 中國與東亞國家出口表現......................26
第二節 中國出口對東亞國家整體出口之影響............27
第三節 中國出口對東亞國家原物料、中間財出口的影響..30
第四節 中國最終財貨出口對東亞最終財貨出口之影響....35
第五節 中國出口對不同所得國家的影響................37
第六章 結論與建議....................................38
第一節 結論........................................38
第二節 未來研究方向與建議..........................38
參考文獻.............................................39
附錄.................................................41
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指導教授 楊志海(Chih-hai Yang) 審核日期 2012-6-22
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