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姓名 江俊毅(Chun-yi Chiang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 產業經濟研究所在職專班
論文名稱 研究發展與技術購買-台灣製造業之實證研究
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摘要(中) 創新的議題近年來在經濟發展的過程中,佔有越來越重要的地位,因為創新的能力影響了企業與國家的競爭力,在全球化的競爭中,各國無不努力提升創新的能力,以提高國際競爭力。自行研發與技術購買是企業的兩個主要技術來源,本文藉由分析新近的統計資料,以瞭解研發與技術購買的關係,是維持過去文獻所提出的互補關係,或兩者關係已產生變化,以瞭解台灣是否逐漸減少對外來技術的依賴,並邁向技術自主,成為技術輸出國家。
本文以2006年中華民國工商業普查製造業抽查所得的13098筆資料為樣本,先以OLS對樣本資料加以估計,之後考量樣本資料受限的特性,再以Tobit model進行估計,最後考量研發與技術購買的相關性,以SURE模型進行估計,得到的結果是台灣廠商在經過多年研發努力與成果累積之後,研發與技術購買仍然維持互補的關係,這表示台灣仍然需要依賴外來的技術來源,尚未達到技術自主的目標,且研發支出產生的成果,仍然無法讓台灣企業減少對技術購買的依賴。
由估計結果也可得知,研發活動還會受到廠商的資本密集度、企業規模、出口比例,與員工訓練支出的影響,了解以上因素對研發的影響方向,政府可以擬訂合適的產業政策鼓勵企業從事研發活動,以達到創新與技術自主的目標。
摘要(英) The issure of innovation has more important position in the process of economic development.Because the ability of innovation affects the competitiveness of a country .In the global competition,every country is trying to raise the ability of innovaton in order to raise competitiveness.Development effort and purchase technology are main technology sources of the enterprise.This paper want to comfirm the relationship between development effort and purchase technology is remaining complementary relation or not,through the analysis of recent statistic data.We want to know whether the Taiwan′s enterprise are less to rely on imported technology,and toward technology independent.
The paper base on the 2006 manufacturing census proceeds of 13098 pen data for sample,using OLS estimation and Tobit model,and SURE estimation method.We came to the conclusion,that is even after the development effort for many years,Taiwan′s enterprise were still dependent on purchase of technology,and has not yet reached the goal of technology independent.
According to the results,we also know the research and development are affected by the capital intensity,enterprise-scale,the proportion of exports,and the training of employee.Since we know the impact to the research and development,maybe the goverment can provide more effective policy to help enterprise to raise the ability of R&D.
關鍵字(中) ★ 研發
★ 技術購買
★ Tobit model
★ SURE
★ 技術自主
關鍵字(英) ★ research & development
★ purchase technology
★ Tobit model
★ SURE
★ technology independent
論文目次 目錄
中文摘要...................................................i
英文摘要..................................................ii
誌謝.....................................................iii
目錄......................................................iv
圖目錄.....................................................v
表目錄....................................................vi
第一章 緒論................................................1
第一節研究動機與目的......................................1
第二節研究方法...........................................7
第三節本文架構...........................................8
第二章文獻回顧..............................................9
第三章實證模型與資料說明....................................13
第一節模型設定..........................................13
第二節估計方法說明.......................................20
第三節資料來源與說明.....................................25
第四章實證結果分析..........................................26
第一節 OLS估計結果.....................................26
4.1.1研發決定因素之Tobit估計結果...................... 28
4.1.2技術購買決定因素之Tobit估計結果...................30
第二節 SURE估計結果.....................................31
4.2.1 研發決定因素之SURE的估計結果....................31
4.2.1 技術購買決定因素之SURE的估計結果.................33
第五章結論.................................................34
參考文獻..................................................37
參考文獻 參考文獻
英文文獻

[1]Aw, B.Y. and G. Batra (1998), Technological Capability and Firm Efficiency in Taiwan (China), World Bank Economic Review, 12(1), 59-79.

[2]Aw, B. Y., Roberts, M. J.,and Winston, T. (2007). Export market participation, investments in R&D and worker training, and the evolution of firm productivity. The World Ecocnomy, 30(1), 83-104.

[3]Aggarwal, A. (2000). Deregulation, technology imports and in-house R&D efforts: an analysis of the Indian experience. Research Policy, 29(9), 1081-1093.

[4]Branstetter, L., and Chen, J. R. (2006). The impact of technology transfer and R & D on productivity growth in Taiwanese industry: Microeconometric analysis using plant and firm-level data. Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, 20(2), 177-192.

[5]Blumenthal, T. (1976). Japan′s technological strategy. Journal of Development Economics, 3(3), 245-255.

[6]Braga, H. and L. Willmore (1991), Technological Imports and Technological Effort: An Analysis of Their Determinants in Brazilian Firms, Journal of Industrial Economics, 39(4), 421-432.

[7]Chuang, Y.C. and C.M. Lin (1999), Foreign Direct Investment, R&D and spillover efficiency: Evidence from Taiwan′s Manufacturing firms, Journal of Development Studies, 35(4) (1999): 117-137.

[8]Chang, C., and Robin, S. (2006). Doing R&D and/or importing technologies: The critical importance of firm size in Taiwan’s manufacturing industries. Review of Industrial Organization, 29(3), 253-278.

[9]Deolalikar, A. B., and Evenson, R. E. (1989). Technology production and technology purchase in Indian industry: An econometric analysis. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 687-692.

[10]Hall, B.H. (2002), The Financing of Research and Development, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 18(1), 35-51.

[11]Hu, A. G., and G. H. Jefferson (2004). Returns to research and development in Chinese industry: Evidence from state-owned enterprises in Beijing. China economic review, 15(1), 86-107.

[12]Kumar, N. (1987). Technology imports and local research and development in Indian manufacturing. The Developing Economies, 25(3), 220-233.

[13]Katrak, H. (1985). Imported Technology, Enterprise Size and R & D in a Newly Industrializing Country: The Indian Experience. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 47(3), 213-229.

[14]Katrak, H. (1989). Imported technologies and R&D in a newly industrialising country: The experience of Indian enterprises. Journal of Development Economics, 31(1), 123-139.

[15]Lee, J. (1996). Technology imports and R&D efforts of Korean manufacturing firms. Journal of Development Economics, 50(1), 197-210.

[16]Lee, C. (2008). Innovation, productivity and exports: Firm-level evidence from Malaysia. Nottingham University Business School University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Working Paper Series, March, 2008, 06.

[17]Mohnen, P., and Lepine, N. (1991). R&D, R&D spillovers and payments for technology: Canadian evidence. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 2(1), 213-228.

[18]Odagiri, H. (1983). R & D expenditures, royalty payments, and sales growth in Japanese manufacturing corporations. The Journal of Industrial Economics, 61-71.

[19]Ozawa, T. (1992). Foreign direct investment and economic development. Transnational Corporations, 1(1), 27-54.

[20]Siddharthan, N. S. (1992). Transaction costs, technology transfer, and in-house R&D: a study of the Indian private corporate sector. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 18(2), 265-271.

[21]Tan, L. T., and Hwang, A. R. (2002). Imported technology and R&D in the Taiwanese electronic industry. Review of Development Economics, 6(1), 77-90.

[22]Zhao, H. (1995). Technology imports and their impacts on the enhancement of China′s indigenous technological capability. The Journal of Development Studies, 31(4), 585-602.
中文文獻

[1]王金凱. (1987). 我國製造業廠商硏究發展決定因素之硏究 (Doctoral dissertation, National Taiwan University Department of Economics.).

[2]于宗先, and 王金利. (2003). 一隻看得見的手: 政府在經濟發展過程中的角色 (Vol. 10). 聯經出版.

[3]洪淑芬(1997),新興工業國家經濟發展的瓶頸,問題與研究,第36卷,第6期,39-55

[4]施舜耘(2001),臺灣地區製造業廠商研發活動與出口的關係之探討,國立中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。

[5]徐志偉(2010),台灣電子產業技術來源與創新能力-以上市電子公司為例,國立中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。

[6]張愛萍(1999),研究發展與技術引進-上市電子公司panel data之實證研究,國立中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。

[7]楊志海, and 陳忠榮.(2002) "研究發展, 專利與生產力-台灣製造業的實證研究." 經濟論文叢刊 30(1): 27-48.。
指導教授 楊志海、鄒孟文 審核日期 2014-7-17
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