博碩士論文 995202094 詳細資訊




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姓名 曾泓博(Hong-Bo Zeng)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系
論文名稱 以視覺為基礎之強韌多指尖偵測與人機介面應用
(Robust Vision-based Multiple Fingertip Detection and Human Computer Interface Application)
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摘要(中) 隨著科技的發展,人們逐漸習慣使用更人性化的科技產品,直覺與容易操作的概念變得非常重要,使得利用手勢操作機器的方式也逐漸成為趨勢,取代了傳統的輸入裝置。對於以手勢操作的機器而言,多指尖偵測是很重要的一部分。多指尖偵測的相關研究主要可分為穿戴式(wearable)與非穿戴式(markerless)兩大類,前者因為需要穿戴額外的設備以標記指尖位置,必須隨身攜帶設備,較為不便,而且若需與人共用時會有衛生上的顧慮,所以後者改用膚色偵測找出手部區域,進而找出指尖位置。
本論文選用了非穿戴式的研究方法,以單一攝影機拍攝無穿戴物品的手部操作影像,並找出影像中的指尖位置。但是由於其他非穿戴式的研究因實驗環境設定或是手勢定義的關係,未考慮當手臂進入畫面時可能會產生錯誤偵測結果的問題,所以在此我們將指寬值加入至輪廓曲率(Contour & Curvature)資訊中,並將這些資訊整合成單一數值以表示其對應點為指尖位置的可能性(likelihood),藉由此方法完成多指尖偵測,我們可以解決上述問題。最後再進一步實作出以手勢操作之簡單的人機介面系統。
摘要(英) Intuitive and easy to use interfaces are very important to a successful product. With the development of technology, gesture-based machine interface has gradually become a trend to replace traditional input devices. For gesture-based machine interface, multiple fingertip detection is a crucial step. The studies of multiple fingertip detection can be classified into two main categories, wearable and markerless. For the former, the users need to wear additional equipment to facilitate the fingertip detection. Considering the inconveniency and the hygiene problem for wearable equipment, the latter requires no additional equipment to get the hand regions or the positions of fingertips.
This thesis is a markerless method. We only use a single camera to capture images and locate the fingertip accurately in the images. A lot of markerless approaches limited their experimental environment or gesture definitions. In addition, some of them used contour and distance to centroid information to locate fingertips. Most of these methods made the assumption that only hand regions are in the scene, and didn’t consider the problems that might happen when the arms are also in the scene. In this thesis, we proposed a multiple fingertip detection algorithm based on the likelihood value of Contour and Curvature information with the width data we added, which is more robust and flexible. Finally, we implement a human computer interface system using predefined gestures.
關鍵字(中) ★ 人機介面
★ 電腦視覺
★ 指尖偵測
關鍵字(英) ★ HCI
★ fingertip detection
★ computer vision
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
目錄 III
圖目錄 V
表目錄 VI
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 文獻回顧 2
1.3 系統流程 5
1.4 論文架構 6
第二章 提取手部區域 8
2.1 移動物偵測 8
2.2 膚色偵測 10
2.3 背景影像更新 11
第三章 多指尖偵測方法 13
3.1 輪廓曲率向量取樣 13
3.2 計算曲率資訊 14
3.3 依方向分群 17
3.4 選取群集代表點 19
3.5 指尖驗證 20
3.6 錯誤修正及補償 26
第四章 人機介面設計 30
4.1 圖形介面及程式簡介 30
4.2 功能介紹 32
第五章 實驗結果與分析 36
5.1 指尖偵測實驗 36
5.2 人機介面應用程式實驗 41
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 43
參考文獻 44
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指導教授 鄭旭詠(Hsu-Yung Cheng) 審核日期 2012-7-25
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