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姓名 徐侑豐(Yu-feng Hsu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 通訊工程學系
論文名稱 耐延遲網路中利用訊息編碼重組條件之資料傳播機制
(A Novel Remix Qualification Algorithm for Network Coding Based Data Dissemination in Delay-Tolerant Networks)
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摘要(中) 由於耐延遲網路其節點間建立連線具有偶然性,無法保証來源端與目的端之間持續存在完整的點對點路由路徑,因此資料訊息的傳播有賴於節點移動間的相遇,在短暫的相遇期間訊速地傳送攜帶的資料訊息。而在群播的環境下,如果考量到必須多個目的端收到訊息之成功率(群播傳遞成功率),整個群播目的端收到訊息的延遲時間即是最後收到訊息之目的端的延遲時間,那麼單一目的端的worst-case delay 即需要加以考量,而根據文獻顯示,訊息編碼機制即可減少worst-case delay 的問題。因此為了能夠改善耐延遲網路資訊傳播的效率和可靠性,本論文深入研究訊息編碼機制應用在耐延遲網路群播環境下的適用性,研究內容首先探討訊息編碼機制的基本型-來源編碼機制在訊息單播與群播環境下的特性,透過數學分析得到來源編碼隨著目的端數之增加,其延遲時間的效能比使用訊息複制機制還來得佳,並以實驗佐証此一性質。接著透過此性質,進一步研究訊息編碼機制中較複雜的網路編碼機制,雖然網路編碼機制可改善來源編碼機制的延遲時間效能,但同時亦因為執行編碼重組而需較多的傳輸花費,因此本論文亦提出利用訊息編碼重組條件之資料傳播機制,透過編碼重組條件減少傳輸花費的機制,使得不僅維持較佳的延遲時間效能,亦可降低傳輸訊息量。最後,本研究透過模擬來驗証不同參數對於網路編碼機制的影響,觀察其在延遲時間和傳輸花費這兩項效能指標上的表現,可以得到其在多目的端的環境下,有著較佳的延遲時間。雖然網路編碼機制其傳輸花費略高,但是所占用系統的儲存空間較小,使其在儲存空間有限的環境下,亦擁有較佳的效能表現。
摘要(英) Delay tolerant networks (DTNs) are a type of challenged networks with property of intermittent connectivity because of nodes’occasional contacts during movement in networks. It is very difficult for DTN systems to guarantee any persistent end-to-end routing path between a source and a destination node. Thus the data dissemination in DTNs exploits the nodal mobility to assist the data transferring. In the multicasting scenario, as regards multicasting for many destination nodes, the delay is counted till the last destination gets the message. So it is necessary to consider the worst-case delay problem for last destination. According to the previous studies, the message coding scheme significantly improves the worst case delay. To improve the efficient data dissemination in DTNs, this study seeks to exploit the essence of the message coding scheme for multicasting in DTN environments. First, with the order statistic principle, this study derives the mathematic formulations of deliver delay distribution for message multicasting using the basic message coding approach-source coding. As the number of destination nodes increase, the performance gain can become better in terms of delivery delay. Second, this study investigates the functions of complex message coding approach-network coding for message delivery in DTN. Although network coding approach has better delivery latency than source coding approach, it cause more transmitting traffic by “remix” scheme. The remix scheme is used to overcome the dependence of code blocks. Then this study proposed a novel remix qualification algorithm to reduce the transmitting traffic when using the remix scheme. Finally, this study conducts simulations to evaluate the performance sensitivities to the metrics of message delivery latency and transmitting traffic under a variety of coding parameters. The results demonstrate that proposed network coding based data dissemination has lower delivery latency than message replication based in multicasting scenario. Although network coding based cause more transmitting traffic, it occupies little buffer than others. Therefore network coding based data dissemination has considerable improvement while the buffer is constrained.
關鍵字(中) ★ 耐延遲網路
★ 網路編碼
★ 資料傳播
關鍵字(英) ★ Delay-Tolerant Networks
★ Network Coding
★ Data Dissemination
論文目次 1 簡介1
2 相關文獻與探討5
2.1 訊息複製機制5
2.1.1 控制複製機制(Controlled replication)6
2.1.2 效益性複製機制(Utility-based replication)7
2.2 訊息編碼機制8
2.2.1 來源編碼機制Source coding9
2.2.2 網路編碼機制Network coding10
2.3 耐延遲網路群播作法之比較12
3 系統與環境14
3.1 系統模型14
3.2 來源編碼機制之群播方法16
3.3 網路編碼機制之群播方法18
3.3.1 基本架構18
3.3.2 編碼區塊相依性問題19
3.3.3 編碼重組機制(Remix)19
3.4 網路編碼與來源編碼之基本差異22
4 訊息編碼機制在群播環境下的性質25
4.1 訊息單播25
4.2 訊息群播27
4.2.1 群播下的延遲時間分佈27
4.2.2 抹除碼機制於群播下的延遲時間分佈28
4.3 模擬實驗及結果30
4.3.1 模擬模型30
4.3.2 目的端個數(N) 的影響31
4.3.3 訊息分割數(k) 的上限值之影響31
4.3.4 複製因子(r) 之影響31
4.3.5 節點密度之影響34
4.4 小結35
5 訊息編碼重組條件之設計36
5.1 編碼重組之多餘傳送問題36
5.2 編碼重組滿足條件(Remix Qualification)38
5.2.1 考慮RootIDSet 紀錄到的個數38
5.2.2 考慮編碼區塊被編碼重組的次數43
5.2.3 編碼重組滿足條件無效之特例45
5.3 編碼重組滿足條件的總結46
6 模擬結果與分析51
6.1 模擬環境51
6.2 目的端個數(N) 的影響52
6.3 複製因子(r) 和來源端散佈源頭區塊的個數(L) 之影響53
6.4 節點數的影響56
6.5 編碼重組有無之影響56
6.6 編碼重組條件的影響56
6.7 比較相同傳輸訊息量的表現60
6.8 儲存空間之影響65
6.9 實驗結果與總結67
7 結論及未來研究工作68
參考文獻69
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指導教授 胡誌麟(Chih-lin Hu) 審核日期 2012-8-8
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