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姓名 王煒傑(Wei-Jie Wang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 應用地質研究所
論文名稱 結合水質變異與水流模擬模式評估屏東平原地下水適合飲用之區域
(Combining water quality variability and flow simulation models to assess potential zones of groundwater used for drinking in the Pingtung Plain)
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摘要(中) 屏東平原地表水資源不足,居民大量抽取地下水使用,造成沿海地區發生嚴重之地下水水位大幅下降,進而導致海水入侵與地層下陷問題。本研究整合地下水水質與水量條件劃定屏東平原地下水適合飲用之區域,在地下水水質評估方面將使用多變量指標克利金法根據飲用水水質標準分析適合飲用水質之空間變異,並機率劃定適合飲用之地下水區域;在地下水水量評估方面則以地下水水流模式MODFLOW模擬屏東平原地下水流動與抽水量,模式經過率定後,分析各鄉鎮市抽水與洩降關係,以決定抽水對含水層衝擊性較低之區域;最後結合地下水水質與水量條件評估屏東平原地下水可飲用之區域。本研究結果顯示就水質與水量觀點屏東平原地下水最適合飲用之鄉鎮為鹽埔鄉,而不適合作為飲用水之區域有大寮鄉、東港鄉、南州鄉、崁頂鄉、新園鄉、枋寮鄉、萬巒鄉、佳冬鄉、林邊鄉、林園鄉。
摘要(英) Surface water is considerably lack in the Pingtung Plain.Thus, many residents massively extract groundwater to use, resulting that rapid decreases in groundwater levels, seawater intrusion and land subsidence. This study is to combine water quality variability and flow simulation models to assess potential zones of groundwater used for drinking in the Pingtung Plain. In water quality, multivariate indicator Kriging and water quality standard are used to spatially analyze groundwater quality in the Pingtung plain and to probabilistically delineate zones of proper drinking. In water quantity, the groundwater flow model, MODFLOW, was adopted to simulate groundwater drawdown for specified pumping rates. To reduce impacts on land subsidence by pumping, zones of pristine groundwater quality with minimizing pumping drawdown were the optimal locations to extract groundwater for drinking. The results of this study could offer agricultural administrators a sound guideline for obtaining clean and low-impact groundwater resources for drinking.
關鍵字(中) ★ 地下水
★ 多變量指標克利金法
★ 模組化三維地下水流模式
關鍵字(英) ★ MODFLOW
★ MVIK
★ groundwater
論文目次 摘 要...I
Abstract...II
誌 謝...III
目 錄...IV
表 目 錄...VI
圖 目 錄...VII
符號說明...VIII
第一章 緒論...1
1.1前言...1
1.2研究目的與流程...3
第二章 文獻回顧...5
2.1地下水水質對於水資源規劃之影響...5
2.2地下水水量對於水資源規劃之影響...6
2.3同時考慮地下水水質、水量條件對於水資源規劃之影響...7
第三章 屏東平原區域地質概況...8
3.1屏東平原地理環境概述...8
3.2水文地質分層...10
第四章 研究方法....15
4.1地質統計...15
4.1.1空間變異分析...16
4.1.2多變量指標克利金法...17
4.2地下水流數值模式...19
4.3屏東平原地下水流模式建構...20
4.3.1概念分層...20
4.3.2網格畫分、邊界劃分及邊界條件設定...22
4.3.3參數設定...24
4.3.4模式率定...30
第五章 結果與討論...31
5.1屏東平原水質指標變數之空間機率推估結果...31
5.2MODFLW模式率定結果...43
5.3屏東平原各鄉鎮抽水與洩降之關係...45
5.4屏東平原地下水水質與水量條件之整合...47
第六章 結論與建議...49
6.1結論...49
6.2建議...50
參考文獻...51
附錄...58
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指導教授 陳瑞昇、張誠信
(Jui-Sheng Chen、Cheng-Shin Jang)
審核日期 2012-8-30
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