博碩士論文 996410601 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:28 、訪客IP:3.237.2.4
姓名 阮楊文(Nguyen Van Duong)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 地球科學學系
論文名稱 利用遠震P波接收函數法 分析越南北部地區地殼構造及其含意
(Crustal Structure beneath Northern Vietnam and Its Implications based on Teleseismic P-wave Receiver Function Analysis)
相關論文
★ 利用井下地震儀陣列探討單站頻譜比法之應用★ 台灣西南部地區地震釋放之能量與規模關係之研究
★ 高屏地區場址效應之探討★ 以地震儀陣列及基因演算法推估近地表剪力波波速
★ 臺灣中部地區強地動波形模擬★ 利用接收函數法推估蘭陽平原淺層速度構造
★ 蘭陽平原場址效應及淺層S波速度構造★ 探討不同地質區強震站之淺層S波速度構造
★ 震源破裂過程及地表強地動特性之陣列分析研究★ 利用微地動探討桃竹苗地區之場址效應
★ 利用微地動量測探討台灣中部地區之場址效應★ 利用接收函數法分析台灣深部地殼構造
★ 1999年集集大地震前後地震活動、震源機制及地殼應力分佈與變化之研究★ 利用有限斷層法探討台北盆地之場址效應
★ 利用微地動量測探討台北盆地之場址效應★ 以恆春地震探討高屏地區之場址效應
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 越南北部 (北越) 地區位處由喜馬拉亞山所延伸之連接帶的最東南端。本地區透過紅河斷裂帶銜接隆起的西藏高原,然本地區的詳細地下構造至今仍鮮為人知。為了解本地區的地體構造演化,探查本地區的地殼構造將列為首要目標。為此本研究選取自2006~2012年間平均佈設於北越地區的24部寬頻地震儀所記錄之規模大於5.5的210個遠震資料進行分析。這些資料提供了難得之機會以研究深部構造及地殼變形。本論文將利用接收函數法分析北越地區地殼結構以了解構造運動加諸地殼形貌之影響。
本文之第一部份將報告依據遠震接收函數法分析由高密度地震儀陣列所記錄之資料,推求北越地區地殼厚度及其Poisson比。本研究利用各測站所記錄之資料計算徑向接收函數並採用H-k疊加程式推求位於測站下方之最佳地殼厚度及Vp/Vs比。分析結果顯示本地區地殼厚度介於26.5公里至36.4公里之間,平均厚度為31.0±2.1公里。位於區域東北部份之中國東南地塊其平均厚度約為31公里,只具輕微之地殼厚度改變,位於區域西北部份則具高度地殼厚度改變 (由29.5公里至36.4公里) ,代表本區域的複雜板塊構造作用。最薄的地殼分佈於紅河三角洲地區,代表近期的地殼拉張作用。本研究所推求之地殼厚度與區域之重力布蓋異常值有良好的線性相關。具有低Poisson比值的地區主要分佈於本地區的東北部,紅河三角洲地區顯示富含矽酸鹽質成份,具高Poisson比值的西北地區代表了Song Da 地區的岩石圈拉張。
本研究的第二部份將以疊加後的接收函數透過線性逆推法估算北越地區的地殼剪力波速。分析結果顯示本地區的北部具低剪力波速及複雜速度分佈。相對的紅河三角洲及東北地區則具高速與簡單構造。本地區具低剪力波速地殼代表地殼部份熔融或地殼流的可能存在及活躍的地殼運動。具高速的地殼則與地質上的穩定大陸地塊分佈一致。本研究的成果對於了解北越地區之地體構造具有重要貢獻。
摘要(英) Northern Vietnam is located in the southeasternmost extension of the Himalayan syntaxis, which is mechanically linked to the Tibetan plateau through the Red River fault. Knowledge on the detailed crustal structure in this region is scant. Obtaining knowledge on the crustal structure beneath northern Vietnam is a fundamental objective to understand the tectonic development in this region. Therefore, we deployed 25 broadband seismic stations that were uniformly distributed over northern Vietnam, the records of which revealed more than 210 teleseismic events of Mw > 5.5 for the 2006–2012 period. The seismic data recorded in this period provided a unique opportunity to study the deep structure and crustal deformation of northern Vietnam. This thesis investigates the crustal structure beneath northern Vietnam by using receiver function analysis to enhance our understanding of the effects of tectonic processes on the crustal structure.
In the first part of this work, I report the estimates of crustal thickness and Poisson’s ratios for northern Vietnam, based on a teleseismic receiver function analysis of observations from the dense broadband seismic array. Using the radial receiver functions calculated from teleseismic records at individual stations, I determined the optimum crustal thickness and Vp/Vs (where Vp and Vs are the velocities of P- and S-waves, respectively) ratio beneath each station by using the H–κ (where H is the crustal thickness, and κ is defined as the Vp/Vs ratio) stacking algorithm. The determined values of the crustal thickness range from 26.5 to 36.4 km, with an average of 31.0 ± 2.1 km. The simple pattern of variation in crustal thickness in the northeastern region of the studied area, with a mean of approximately 31 km, suggests that the sector belongs to the craton of the South China block. I found a highly variable crustal thickness over the northwestern region of northern Vietnam, ranging from approximately 29.5 to 36.4 km, implying that complex tectonic processes have occurred in this region. The thinnest crust was found in the Red River Delta, where it ranges from 26.5 to 30.4 km, which is suggestive of a recent rifting process. The determinations of crustal thickness show a good linear correlation with Bouguer gravity anomalies. Lower values of Poisson’s ratio in the northeastern and Red River Delta sectors suggest a more felsic crust, and larger values in the northwestern sector suggest a lithospheric extension in the Song Da depression.
The second part of this work presents estimates of the crustal shear wave velocity structure beneath northern Vietnam, based on the linearized inversion of stacked receiver functions. The shear wave velocity structure in the northwestern region is relatively slow and more complex, whereas the velocity in the Red River Delta and northeastern region is slightly faster and simple. The areas of slow velocities in the crust possibly coincided with the observations of partial melting in the active regions, which may be related to the extension processes of the lithosphere or the rapid eastward flow of the deep crust. Those of faster velocities are consistent with the stable continent, suggesting small changes over the tectonic history in the processes that form the crust. The findings enhance our understanding of the geotectonic architecture of the northern Vietnam region.
關鍵字(中) ★ 越南北部
★ 紅河斷層
★ 地殼厚度
★ 柏松比
★ 剪切波速
★ 接收函數分析
關鍵字(英) ★ Northern Vietnam
★ Red River fault
★ Crustal thickness
★ Poisson ratio
★ Shear wave velocity
★ Receiver function analysis
論文目次 中文摘要 ………………………………………………………………………………………...i
ABSTRACT ………………………………………………………………………………….ii
Acknowledgement ………………………………………………………………………….iv
List of Figures ……………………………………………………………………………..vii
List of Tables ………………………………………………………………………………...ix
Chapter 1 Introduction …………………………………………………………………1
1.1 Tectonic Background …….……………………………………………………………1
1.2 Geological Studies in Northern Vietnam and Adjacent Regions …………...1
1.3 Geophysical Studies in Northern Vietnam and Adjacent Regions …………...3
1.4 Seismic Deployment and Teleseismic Data ……………………………………...3
1.5 Motivations and Objectives……………………………………………………………..4
1.6 Structure of Thesis ……………………………………………………………………5
Chapter 2 Receiver Function Methodology ……………………………………….12
2.1 Receiver Function Estimation ……………………………………………………..12
2.1.1 Frequency Domain Deconvolution …………………………………………...12
2.1.2 Iterative Time Domain Deconvolution ……………………………………….14
2.2 Receiver Function in a One-Layer Structure and H-k Stacking Algorithm .15
2.3 Linearized Time Domain Waveform Inversion ………………………………...16
Chapter 3 Crustal Thickness and Poisson’s Ratio Variation of Northern Vietnam from H-κ Analysis …………………………………………………………………………21
3.1 Receiver Function Analysis ……………………………………………………………21
3.1.1 Calculation of P-Wave Receiver Functions …………………………………21
3.1.2 H–κ Stacking Analysis for Crustal Thickness and Poisson’s Ratio ……..22
3.2 Results ………………………………………………………………………………..23
3.3 Discussion ……………………………………………………………………………..25
3.4 Conclusion ……………………………………………………………………………..28
Chapter 4 Shear Wave Structure of the Crust Beneath Northern Vietnam and Its Tectonic Implications …………………………………………………………………..39
4.1 Linearization Inversion of Receiver Function …………………………………39
4.2 Results ………………………………………………………………………………..41
4.2.1 Radial receiver function averages ……………………………………………...41
4.2.2 One Dimensional S-wave Velocity Models ………………………………...42
4.3 Discussion ……………………………………………………………………………..43
4.4 Conclusion ……………………………………………………………………………..46
Chapter 5 Conclusion …………………………………………………………………..56
5.1 Summary of Main Conclusions and Original Contributions ………………...56
5.2 Future Works and Lines of Approach ………………………………………………57
References ………………………………………………………………………………..60
參考文獻 Allen, C.R., Gillespie, A.R., Yuan, H., Sieh, K.E., Buchun, Z., Chengnan, Z., 1984. Red River and associated faults, Yunnan Province, China: Quaternary geology, slip rates, and seismic hazard. Geological Society of America Bulletin 95, 686-700.

Ammon, C.J., 1991. The Isolation of Receiver Effects from Teleseismic P-Wave-Forms. B Seismol Soc Am 81, 2504-2510.

Ammon, C.J., 1997. An overview of receiver-function analysis, Webpage.
Department of Geosciences Pennsylvania State University. Available from:
http://eqseis.geosc.psu.edu/~cammon/HTML/RftnDocs/rftn01.html.

Ammon, C.J., Randall, G.E., Zandt, G., 1990. On the Nonuniqueness of Receiver Function Inversions. J Geophys Res-Solid 95, 15303-15318.

Ammon, C.J., Zandt, G., 1993. Receiver Structure beneath the Southern Mojave Block, California. B Seismol Soc Am 83, 737-755.

Anczkiewicz, R., Viola, G., Muntener, O., Thirlwall, M.F., Villa, I.M., Quong, N.Q., 2007. Structure and shearing conditions in the Day Nui Con Voi massif: Implications for the evolution of the Red River shear zone in northern Vietnam. Tectonics 26.

Bai, L., Iidaka, T., Kawakatsu, H., Morita, Y., Dzung, N.Q., 2009. Upper mantle anisotropy beneath Indochina block and adjacent regions from shear-wave splitting analysis of Vietnam broadband seismograph array data. Phys Earth Planet In 176, 33-43.

Bai, L., Tian, X.B., Ritsema, J., 2010. Crustal structure beneath the Indochina peninsula from teleseismic receiver functions. Geophys Res Lett 37.

Balykin, P.A., Polyakov, G.V., Izokh, A.E., Hoa, T.T., Phuong, N.T., Hung, T.Q., Petrova, T.E., 2010. Geochemistry and petrogenesis of Permian ultramafic-mafic complexes of the Jinping–Song Da rift (southeastern Asia). Russian Geology and Geophysics 51, 611-624.

Beaumont, C., Jamieson, R.A., Nguyen, M.H., Lee, B., 2001. Himalayan tectonics explained by extrusion of a low-viscosity crustal channel coupled to focused surface denudation. Nature 414, 738-742.

Berteussen, K.A., 1977. Moho depth determinations based on spectral-ratio analysis of NORSAR long-period P waves. Phys Earth Planet In 15, 13-27.

Bui, C.Q., 1983. About the new results of the deep structural study of territory of Vietnam. J. Earth Sciences 5, 13.

Cao, D.T., 1985. The method interpret gravity data to research the Earth’s crust of northern Vietnam, Proceedings of the Second Vietnam Scientific Conference on Geology. Vietnam Geological Survey 1985, Hanoi, pp. 27-40.

Cao, D.T., Dinh, V.-T., 1999. Main crustal feature of the crust in Vietnam and adjacent area on the basic of gravity data, Proceedings of the fourth Vietnam National Conference on Marine Science and Technology. Hanoi, pp. 854-863.

Cassidy, J.F., 1992. Numerical experiments in broadband receiver function analysis. B Seismol Soc Am 82, 1453-1474.

Chen, Y.L., Niu, F.L., Liu, R.F., Huang, Z.B., Tkalcic, H., Sun, L., Chan, W., 2010. Crustal structure beneath China from receiver function analysis. J Geophys Res-Sol Ea 115.

Chevrot, S., van der Hilst, R.D., 2000. The Poisson ratio of the Australian crust: geological and geophysical implications. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 183, 121-132.

Christensen, N.I., 1996. Poisson′s ratio and crustal seismology. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 101, 3139-3156.

Chung, S.L., Lee, T.Y., Lo, C.H., Wang, P.L., Chen, C.Y., Yem, N.T., Hoa, T.T., Wu, G.Y., 1997. Intraplate extension prior to continental extrusion along the Ailao Shan Red River shear zone. Geology 25, 311-314.

Clayton, R.W., Wiggins, R.A., 1976. Source shape estimation and deconvolution of teleseismic bodywaves. Geophysical Journal International 47, 151-177.

Dang, T.H., 2003. Study on some characteristics of deep crustal structure and seismotectonic zonation in northern Vietnam, PhD. dissertation, Institute of Geophysics. VAST, p. 170.

Department of Geology and Minerals of Vietnam, 1995. Bouguer gravity anomaly map for Northern Vietnam, scale 1:500,000. Stored in Northern Geological Mapping Division, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Dinh, V.-T., 2010. Study of the Earth Crustal structures of Northern Vietnam by using the deep seismic, magnetotelluric investigations and gravity data (eds), Vietnam National Science Project: KC.08.06/06/10: Outcome Report – 8/2010.

Doan, V.T., Dinh, V.-T., Nguyen, T.Y., Nguyen, V.G., 2000. The deep structures and geodynamics of Red River fault zone based on Magnetotelluric data along profile Thanh Son – Thai Nguyen. J. Earth Sciences, Hanoi 22, 388-298 (In Vietnamese with English abstract).

Frisch, W., Meschede, M., Blakey, R.C., 2011. Plate Tectonics: Continental Drift and Mountain Building. Springer

Gilley, L.D., Harrison, T.M., Leloup, P.H., Ryerson, F.J., Lovera, O.M., Wang, J.-H., 2003. Direct dating of left-lateral deformation along the Red River shear zone, China and Vietnam. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 108, 2127.

Haskell, N.A., 1962. Crustal reflection of plane P and SV waves. J Geophys Res 67, 4751-4768.

Hazarika, D., Arora, B.R., Bora, C., 2012. Crustal structure and deformation in the northeast India–Asia collision zone: constraints from receiver function analysis. Geophysical Journal International 188, 737-749.

Herrmann, R.B., Ammon, C.J., 2003. Computer programs in seismology, Version 3.20, Surface waves, Receiver functions, and Crustal structure, Saint Louis University, Penn State University.

Hoa, T.T., Izokh, A.E., Polyakov, G.V., Borisenko, A.S., Anh, T.T., Balykin, P.A., Phuong, N.T., Rudnev, S.N., Van, V.V., Nien, B.A., 2008. Permo-Triassic magmatism and metallogeny of Northern Vietnam in relation to the Emeishan plume. Russian Geology and Geophysics 49, 480-491.

Huang, B.-S., Le, T.S., Liu, C.-C., Toan, D.V., Huang, W.-G., Wu, Y.-M., Chen, Y.-G., Chang, W.-Y., 2009. Portable broadband seismic network in Vietnam for investigating tectonic deformation, the Earth’s interior, and early-warning systems for earthquakes and tsunamis. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 36, 110-118.

Huang, H.-H., Xu, Z.J., Wu, Y.-M., Song, X., Huang, B.-S., Nguyen, L.M., 2013. First local seismic tomography for Red River shear zone, northern Vietnam: Stepwise inversion employing crustal P and Pn waves. Tectonophysics 584, 230-239.

Julià, J., 2007. Constraining velocity and density contrasts across the crust—mantle boundary with receiver function amplitudes. Geophysical Journal International 171, 286-301.

Julià, J., Ammon, C.J., Herrmann, R.B., 2003. Lithospheric structure of the Arabian Shield from the joint inversion of receiver functions and surface-wave group velocities. Tectonophysics 371, 1-21.

Julià, J., Ammon, C.J., Herrmann, R.B., Correig, A.M., 2000. Joint inversion of receiver function and surface wave dispersion observations. Geophysical Journal International 143, 99-112.

Julia, J., Jagadeesh, S., Rai, S.S., Owens, T.J., 2009. Deep crustal structure of the Indian shield from joint inversion of P wave receiver functions and Rayleigh wave group velocities: Implications for Precambrian crustal evolution. J Geophys Res-Sol Ea 114.

Kennett, B.L.N., 1983. Seismic Wave Propagation in Stratified Media. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, 342 pages.

Kikuchi, M., Kanamori, H., 1982. Inversion of complex body waves. B Seismol Soc Am 72, 491-506.

Lan, C.-Y., Chung, S.-L., Shen, J.J.-S., Lo, C.-H., Wang, P.-L., Hoa, T.T., Thanh, H.H., Mertzman, S.A., 2000. Geochemical and Sr–Nd isotopic characteristics of granitic rocks from northern Vietnam. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 18, 267-280.

Lan, C.Y., Chung, S.L., Lo, C.H., Lee, T.Y., Wang, P.L., Li, H.M., Van Toan, D., 2001. First evidence for Archean continental crust in northern Vietnam and its implications for crustal and tectonic evolution in Southeast Asia. Geology 29, 219-222.

Langston, C.A., 1979. Structure under Mount Rainier, Washington, Inferred from Teleseismic Body Waves. J Geophys Res 84, 4749-4762.

Latin, D., White, N., 1990. Generating melt during lithospheric extension: Pure shear vs. simple shear. Geology 18, 327-331.

Le, D.B., 1985. Structure of Vietnam and stages of its formation – on the background of SE Asia, PhD. dissertation abstract. Hanoi National Library, Hanoi, p. 36.

Le, H.M., Pham, V.N., Boyer, D., Nguyen, N.T., Le, T.T., Nguyen, V.Q., Marquis, G., 2009. Investigation on the deep geoelectric structure of the Lai Chau-Dien Bien fault zone by magnetotelluric sounding. J. Geology A311, 11-21.

Le, H.M., Vo, T.S., Nguyen, C.T., Nguyen, T.V., Nguyen, D.X., Marquis, G., Trann, V.T., 2008. Two dimensional electrical structure of the Son La fault zone on the results of magnetotelluric sounding. J. Earth Sciences 30, 491-502.

Le, T.S., 2008. Study on seismic wave attenuation and velocity model in order to improve the reliability of the forecast of geological disasters in North Vietnam (eds). Institute of Geophysics, VAST (in Vietnamese).

Lebedev, S., Nolet, G., 2003. Upper mantle beneath southeast Asia from S velocity tomography. J Geophys Res-Sol Ea 108.

Lei, J., Zhao, D., Su, Y., 2009. Insight into the origin of the Tengchong intraplate volcano and seismotectonics in southwest China from local and teleseismic data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 114, B05302.

Leloup, P.H., Arnaud, N., Lacassin, R., Kienast, J.R., Harrison, T.M., Trong, T.T.P., Replumaz, A., Tapponnier, P., 2001. New constraints on the structure, thermochronology, and timing of the Ailao Shan-Red River shear zone, SE Asia. J Geophys Res-Sol Ea 106, 6683-6732.

Leloup, P.H., Lacassin, R., Tapponnier, P., Schärer, U., Zhong, D., Liu, X., Zhang, L., Ji, S., Trinh, P.T., 1995. The Ailao Shan-Red River shear zone (Yunnan, China), Tertiary transform boundary of Indochina. Tectonophysics 251, 3-84.

Li, C., van der Hilst, R.D., 2010. Structure of the upper mantle and transition zone beneath Southeast Asia from traveltime tomography. J Geophys Res-Sol Ea 115.

Li, Y., Wu, Q., Zhang, R., Tian, X., Zeng, R., 2008. The crust and upper mantle structure beneath Yunnan from joint inversion of receiver functions and Rayleigh wave dispersion data. Phys Earth Planet In 170, 134-146.

Ligorria, J.P., 2000. An investigation of the mantle-crust transition beneath North
America & Poisson′s ratio of the North American crust, Graduate School, Saint Louis University, USA, p. 261.

Ligorria, J.P., Ammon, C.J., 1999. Iterative deconvolution and receiver-function estimation. B Seismol Soc Am 89, 1395-1400.

Liong Tin, H., Litvinenko, O.K., 1986. The structure of the Earth′s crust of the Hanoi tectonic trough according to geophysical data and the problem of its riftogenesis. J Geodyn 5, 179-203.

Long, M.D., Becker, T.W., 2010. Mantle dynamics and seismic anisotropy. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 297, 341-354.

Molnar, P., Tapponnier, P., 1975. Cenozoic Tectonics of Asia - Effects of a Continental Collision. Science 189, 419-426.

Nguyen, A.D., Takeshi, S., Fumiaki, K., Tran, D.T., Vy, Q.H., Duong, C.C., Nguyen, X.B., Nguyen, D.X., 2013a. Contemporary horizontal crustal movement estimation for northwestern Vietnam inferred from repeated GPS measurements. Earth Planets. Space 65, 1399-1410.

Nguyen, H., Nguyen, D.L., Nguyen, V.C., 2008. Petrogenesis and mantle dynamics of Paleozoic volcanism in the Song Da structure. J. Geology, Hanoi B/31-32, 313-330.

Nguyen, T.K.T., 1996. Underground water exploration in Cuu Long and Red River deltas using magnetotelluric and geoelectrical methods (eds), Vietnam National Basic Science Project: Outcome Report-1996, p. 446.

Nguyen, V.-D., Huang, B.-S., Le, T.-S., Dinh, V.-T., Zhu, L., Wen, K.-L., 2013b. Constraints on the crustal structure of northern Vietnam based on analysis of teleseismic converted waves. Tectonophysics 601, 87-97.

Owens, T.J., Crosson, R.S., 1988. Shallow structure effects on broadband teleseismic P waveforms. B Seismol Soc Am 78, 96-108.

Owens, T.J., Zandt, G., Taylor, S.R., 1984. Seismic evidence for an ancient rift beneath the Cumberland Plateau, Tennessee: A detailed analysis of broadband teleseismic P waveforms. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 89, 7783-7795.

Ozacar, A.A., Zandt, G., 2004. Crustal seismic anisotropy in central Tibet: Implications for deformational style and flow in the crust. Geophys Res Lett 31.

Pham, V.N., Boyer, D., Nguyen, V.G., Nguyen, T.K.T., 1995. Electrical properties and deep structure of the Red River fault zone in North Vietnam from magnetotelluric sounding results. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 320, series IIa, 181-187.

Phinney, R.A., 1964. Structure of the Earth′s crust from spectral behavior of long-period body waves. J Geophys Res 69, 2997-3017.

Randall, G.E., 1989. Efficient calculation of differential seismograms for lithospheric receiver functions. Geophysical Journal International 99, 469-481.

Rawlinson, N., Reading, A.M., Kennett, B.L.N., 2006. Lithospheric structure of Tasmania from a novel form of teleseismic tomography. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 111, B02301.

Reading, A.M., Tkalcic, H., Kennett, B.L.N., Johnson, S.P., Sheppard, S., 2012. Seismic structure of the crust and uppermost mantle of the Capricorn and Paterson Orogens and adjacent cratons, Western Australia, from passive seismic transects. Precambrian Res 196, 295-308.

Roger, F., Leloup, P.H., Jolivet, M., Lacassin, R., Trinh, P.T., Brunel, M., Seward, D., 2000. Long and complex thermal history of the Song Chay metamorphic dome (Northern Vietnam) by multi-system geochronology. Tectonophysics 321, 449-466.

Royden, L.H., Burchfiel, B.C., van der Hilst, R.D., 2008. The geological evolution of the Tibetan Plateau. Science 321, 1054-1058.

Savage, M.K., 1998. Lower crustal anisotropy or dipping boundaries? Effects on receiver functions and a case study in New Zealand. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 103, 15069-15087.

Searle, M.P., 2006. Role of the Red River Shear zone, Yunnan and Vietnam, in the continental extrusion of SE Asia. Journal of the Geological Society 163, 1025-1036.

Shen, Z.-K., Lü, J., Wang, M., Bürgmann, R., 2005. Contemporary crustal deformation around the southeast borderland of the Tibetan Plateau. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 110, B11409.

Stipčević, J., Tkalčić, H., Herak, M., Markušić, S., Herak, D., 2011. Crustal and uppermost mantle structure beneath the External Dinarides, Croatia, determined from teleseismic receiver functions. Geophysical Journal International 185, 1103-1119.

Sun, Y., Dong, S., Zhang, H., Li, H., Shi, Y., 2013. 3D thermal structure of the continental lithosphere beneath China and adjacent regions. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 62, 697-704.

Tapponnier, P., Lacassin, R., Leloup, P.H., Scharer, U., Zhong, D.L., Wu, H.W., Liu, X.H., Ji, S.C., Zhang, L.S., Zhong, J.Y., 1990. The Ailao Shan Red River Metamorphic Belt - Tertiary Left-Lateral Shear between Indochina and South China. Nature 343, 431-437.

Tapponnier, P., Peltzer, G., Armijo, R., 1986. On the mechanics of the collision between India and Asia. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 19, 113-157.

Tapponnier, P., Peltzer, G., Le Dain, A.Y., Armijo, R., Cobbold, P., 1982. Propagating extrusion tectonics in Asia: New insights from simple experiments with plasticine. Geology 10, 611-616.

Tkalcic, H., Chen, Y.L., Liu, R.F., Huang, Z.B., Sun, L., Chan, W., 2011. Multistep modelling of teleseismic receiver functions combined with constraints from seismic tomography: crustal structure beneath southeast China. Geophysical Journal International 187, 303-326.

Trinh, P.T., Liem, N.V., Huong, N.V., Vinh, H.Q., Thom, B.V., Thao, B.T., Tan, M.T., Hoang, N., 2012. Late Quaternary tectonics and seismotectonics along the Red River fault zone, North Vietnam. Earth-Sci Rev 114, 224-235.

Vinnik, L.P., 1977. Detection of waves converted from P to SV in the mantle. Phys Earth Planet In 15, 39-45.

Wang, P.-L., Lo, C.-H., Chung, S.-L., Lee, T.-Y., Lan, C.-Y., Van Thang, T., 2000. Onset timing of left-lateral movement along the Ailao Shan–Red River Shear Zone: 40Ar/39Ar dating constraint from the Nam Dinh Area, northeastern Vietnam. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 18, 281-292.

Wang, P.-L., Lo, C.-H., Lee, T.-Y., Chung, S.-L., Lan, C.-Y., Yem, N.T., 1998. Thermochronological evidence for the movement of the Ailao Shan–Red River shear zone: A perspective from Vietnam. Geology 26, 887-890.

Wessel, P., Smith, W.H.F., 1998. New, improved version of generic mapping tools released. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union 79, 579-579.

Xu, L.L., Rondenay, S., van der Hilst, R.D., 2007. Structure of the crust beneath the southeastern Tibetan Plateau from teleseismic receiver functions. Phys Earth Planet In 165, 176-193.

Zandt, G., Ammon, C.J., 1995. Continental-Crust Composition Constrained by Measurements of Crustal Poissons Ratio. Nature 374, 152-154.

Zhu, L., Kanamori, H., 2000. Moho depth variation in southern California from teleseismic receiver functions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 105, 2969-2980.

Zhu, M., Graham, S., McHargue, T., 2009. The Red River Fault zone in the Yinggehai Basin, South China Sea. Tectonophysics 476, 397-417.
指導教授 黃柏壽、溫國樑(Bor-Shouh Huang Kuo-Liang Wen) 審核日期 2014-7-30
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明