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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/12781


    Title: 創新發明與公司特性之研究—以台灣專利統計為例;The Characteristics of Firm and its Innovation: An Analysis of Taiwan's Patent Statistics
    Authors: 鄭怡潔;Yi-Chieh Cheng
    Contributors: 產業經濟研究所
    Keywords: 中小企業;創新發明;專利;Innovation;Patent;SMEs;Count data
    Date: 2008-06-14
    Issue Date: 2009-09-22 15:13:04 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 知識經濟為現今各國重要的經濟發展目標,許多國家積極投入研發和創新,目的就是要實現知識經濟。相較於傳統經濟,知識經濟的來源除了有形的資產,最大的不同即為無形的智慧資產,而這些無形的資產能造就更多的創新發明,提昇公司與國家的競爭力。有鑑於我國在創新上的表現名列世界前茅,本研究以我國傳統和高科技產業公司為對象,探討不同產業下公司之創新和公司特性之間的相關性,試圖分析公司各種可能表現智慧資產之特性和創新之間的關係,除了讓現有企業瞭解公司之優勢所在,亦可提供創新程度較低之公司未來發展的方向。 本研究方法是利用問卷調查方式,以傳統產業和高科技產業內曾在2006年獲得專利核准的公司為對象,共蒐集到176家公司之資料,其中118家為中小企業。再使用受限迴歸模型(Tobit Model)和負二項迴歸模型(NBRM)做進一步的實證分析。實證結果顯示,在高科技產業內,公司規模愈大、研發支出愈多、創造性知識的累積愈多,及產品銷售於國際市場愈多的公司,其創新的程度就愈高;而廣告支出因為和研發支出有抵換關係,故和創新有負向關係。在傳統產業內,公司規模愈大、創造性知識的累積愈多,且有受到政府補助之公司,其創新的程度愈高;而公司在產品市場內的行業中相對規模愈大,創新的程度也會愈高,當年度創新的表現愈佳。 The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the relationship between innovation and firms’ characteristics in traditional and high-tech industry. From this analysis, the incumbent firms can realize the advantages they had and firms that had lower innovation can also learn form these firms. This paper use questionnaires to gain 176 firms’ data and 118 firms are SMEs. The research methods include Tobit Model, Poisson Model and Negative Binominal Regression Model. The empirical result revealed that firm size, R&D expenditure, creative knowledge accumulation and product export ratio had positive relationship with innovation in high-tech industry. But the advertisement expenditure had negative relationship with innovation. On the other hand, firm size, creative knowledge accumulation and firms that had government subsidy had positive relationship with innovation in traditional industry.
    Appears in Collections:[產業經濟研究所] 博碩士論文

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