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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/25581

    Title: 土石災害在坡地上之發生機制的探討---子計畫:礫石型溪溝崩塌及土石流之發生機制分析與現地監測;The Mechanisms and Monitoring System of Rainfall-Induced Landslides and Debris Flows in Gravelly Gullies
    Authors: 周憲德
    Contributors: 土木工程學系
    Keywords: 火炎山;礫石層;崩塌;土石流;臨界降雨條件;現地監測;Houyenshan;gravelly gullies;landslides;debris flows;threshold rainfall;monitoring system;土木水利工程類
    Date: 2010-07-01
    Issue Date: 2010-06-10 17:29:33 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 行政院國家科學委員會
    Abstract: 本計畫擬以三年為期,於三義火炎山進行礫石型溪溝發生崩塌及土石流之機制分析及現地監測。由現場地文資料收集,並逐年建立火炎山之雨量監測、地聲及次聲訊號監測乃至於影像及土石運動監測,整體瞭解觸發礫石型土石流之降雨條件,及其運動條件及規模與地聲及次聲訊號之關係。本計畫第一年將進行現地之水文與地文資料收集,除收集附近雨量站資料外,本研究將設置獨立之雨量站,以長期監測當地雨量,藉此判定在火炎山當地發生土石流之臨界降雨條件,並進行火炎山一號坑及三號坑之地文資料收集,分析山溝、及兩側侵蝕溝及峻崖之地形特性演變與相應水文條件之關係。第二年擬於一號坑或三號坑建立地聲及次聲之監測系統,以瞭解土石流發生過程與降雨特性之關係,並於實驗室進行礫石滾動時之運動形態與其聲音特性,並以建立土石流運動之聲音觀測門檻值與對應關係。第三年擬進一步於一號坑或三號坑建立影像觀測系統,以量化分析土石流發生規模與降雨特性及河道地文及上游崩塌量之關係。 The mechanisms of rainfall-induced landslides and debris flows in Houyenshan gravelly gullies will be explored in this proposed study in a three-year period(2007-2010) , by employing field study , theoretical analysis and experimental work. The field monitoring system will be implemented on a expanding modular base, which includes the rainfall gauge, geophones and infrasound sensors, ultrasound range-detector and/or video recording system, respectively. Through the monitoring system, we can first examine the threshold rainfall conditions for landslides and debris flows in gravelly gullies. The acoustic signals in response to the magnitude and flow patterns of gravelly debris flows will be analyzed in the second and third years, which are important information for the warning and evacuation processes for the debris flow prone areas. In the first year (2007/8~2008/7): The analysis of hydrological data and geomorphological data of Houyenshan gravelly gullies: This study collects the available rainfall data and geographical data of Houyenshan gullies. A rainfall gauge with data logger will be installed in the first Gully of Houyenshan. The threshold rainfall condition for landslides and debris flows will be evaluated consequently. In the second year (2008/8~2009/7): The acoustic signals and monitoring systems of gravelly debris flows: The acoustic monitoring systems including geophones and infrasound sensors will be installed in this year. The acoustic characteristics of landslides and debris flows in the gravelly gullies in response to the flow patterns and magnitudes of the debris flows will be evaluated. The significant frequencies related to the granular and liquid content will be further studied with experimental work. In the third year (2009/8~2010/7): The magnitude of debris flows related to the rainfall and geomorlogical conditions of gravelly gullies : we will expand the field monitoring system with the ultrasound range-detector and/or video recording system. Through the PIV techniques and the information provided by the completed monitoring system, the flow velocity and the discharge of the debris flow events related to the rainfall condition, as well as the geomorphology of the gravelly ravines can be obtained. The relationship between the landslides and the debris flows can be further studied with the aforementioned information and the field survey. 研究期間 : 9808 ~ 9907
    Relation: 財團法人國家實驗研究院科技政策研究與資訊中心
    Appears in Collections:[土木工程學系 ] 研究計畫

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