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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/36010


    Title: Effects of pH and Concentration on Cs Ions Sorption and Diffusion in Crushed Granite by Using Batch and Modified Capillary Method
    Authors: Wang,TH;Li,MH;Wei,YY;Teng,SP
    Contributors: 水文科學研究所
    Keywords: LOCAL TAIWAN LATERITE;COMPACTED BENTONITE;SUBSURFACE SEDIMENTS;DEPENDENT DIFFUSION;HANFORD SITE;DENSITY;RADIONUCLIDES;CS-137;USA
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-07-08 09:29:39 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 中央大學
    Abstract: A comprehensive evaluation of Cs ions sorption to and diffusion in crushed granite was conducted in this study. The sorption capacity of crushed granite suggested by the Langmuir model was 5.48 x 10(-6) mol-Cs/g-granite. The distribution coefficient (Kd) was around 7.5 mL/g and pH independent. By using an in-diffusion method with a modified capillary column, some diffusion relevant parameters of Cs ions in crushed granite were derived. The apparent diffusion coefficient (Da) seemed unaffected by Cs concentration (1.15 x 10(-10) to 2.82 x 10(-10) m(2)/s, at 10(-7) and 10(-3) M, respectively). The determined effective diffusion coefficients (De) were located in the window from 8.59 x 10(-10) (10(-7) M) to 1.69 x 10(-9) (10(-3) M) m(2)/s. Under various pH environments, pH independent Da (9.0 x 10(-9) m(2)/s) and De (1.0 x 10(-9) m(2)/s) values were observed. Under current systems, consistently higher De than Da implied the diffusion of Cs ions was governed by surface diffusion phenomenon. Whereas the pH insensitive feature indicated the Cs sorption to crushed granite was mainly through ion-exchange reaction. Moreover, further SEM/EDS mapping clearly showed the adsorbed Cs ions were highly concentrated on the fracture surface of biotite.
    Relation: JOURNAL OF THE CHINESE CHEMICAL SOCIETY
    Appears in Collections:[水文與海洋科學研究所] 期刊論文

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