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http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/39240

Title:  MULTIDIMENSIONAL GREENSFUNCTIONS AND THE STATISTICS OF DIFFUSIVE SHOCK ACCELERATION 
Authors:  WEBB,GM;ZANK,GP;KO,CM;DONOHUE,DJ 
Contributors:  物理研究所 
Keywords:  EARTHS BOW SHOCK;COSMICRAY TRANSPORT;PARTICLEACCELERATION;ASTROPHYSICAL SHOCKS;CHARGEDPARTICLES;MAGNETICFIELDS;SOLARWIND;DRIFT;WAVES;PROPAGATION 
Date:  1995 
Issue Date:  20100708 14:09:21 (UTC+8) 
Publisher:  中央大學 
Abstract:  A threedimensional, timedependent Green's function for the diffusive shock acceleration of energetic charged particles at general oblique MHD shocks, without losses, is derived. By interpreting the Green's function as a probability distribution, various statistical means and variances describing the shock acceleration process are obtained. These include the mean time [tau] for particles to be accelerated from momentum pi up to momentum p(i) the mean distance [zeta] traveled by particles parallel to the electric field at the shock, and the mean distance [chi] traveled by particles along the shock surface in the (V, B) plane (a new result). We also obtain new secondorder moments of the shock acceleration process, including the variances sigma(zeta zeta)(2),sigma(chi chi)(2), sigma(zeta tau)(2),sigma(zeta chi)(2), and sigma(chi tau)(2), as well as the only variance sigma(tau tau)(2) obtained in previous analyses. The distance, [zeta], traveled by the particle parallel to the electric field at the shock is related to the particle energy changes at the shock owing to curvature and grad B drift in the electric field at the shock. The Green's function for the limiting case of no crossheld diffusion (Kperpendicular to = 0) consists of the product of two Dirac delta distributions and the onedimensional Green's function for diffusive shock acceleration obtained by previous authors. One of the Dirac delta distributions expresses the fact that for Kperpendicular to = 0 particles are trapped on the same field line projection on the plane spanned by the fluid velocity V and magnetic field B (the xy plane). The other Dirac delta distribution contains information on the energy changes of particles owing to drift at the shock. A study of the means and variances of the probability distribution for a model diffusion tenser is used to determine the dependence of the shock acceleration process on the angle theta(1) between the upstream magnetic field B1 and shock normal n, as well as on other physical parameters in the model. A discussion is given of the role of perpendicular diffusion (K(perpendicular to)not equal 0) at general oblique shocks. Examples of shock acceleration statistics are obtained for traveling interplanetary shocks. Other possible astrophysical applications are also discussed. 
Relation:  ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 
Appears in Collections:  [Graduate Institute of Physics] journal & Dissertation

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