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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/43645

    Title: 米歇爾‧雷希斯《黑夜非黑夜,白晝非白晝》之夢境與再書寫研究;Le reve et la reecriture dans Nuits sans nuit et quelques jours sans jour de Michel Leiris
    Authors: 楊淑羽;Shu-Yu Yang
    Contributors: 法國語文研究所
    Keywords: 超現實主義;精神分析;夢境;雷希斯;再書寫;psychoanalysis;surrealism;rewriting;dream;Leiris
    Date: 2010-07-07
    Issue Date: 2010-12-08 14:05:27 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 米歇爾•雷希斯(Michel Leiris)是法國二十世紀文壇風格獨具的作家。過往的回憶以及吉光片羽般的夢境,是他畢生不斷追尋與探究的主題。有別於其他追夢的作家,雷希斯還在世時即已出版了ㄧ本如真似幻的夢境歷險,這同時也是他唯一的一本夢境選集:《黑夜非黑夜,白晝非白晝》 (Nuits sans nuit et quelques jours sans jour)。這本書通常歸類在自傳書寫(écriture autobiographique)的範疇。《黑夜非黑夜,白晝非白晝》不僅濃縮了作者的生命軌跡、思想歷程以及其穿梭於黑夜與白晝之間的獨特體驗,更是作者深層的、無意識的自我探索的紀錄。 本論文主要以《黑夜非黑夜,白晝非白晝》為研究對象,旁及雷希斯的其他作品,分析他所描繪的夢以及夢的改寫和轉化。第一章由佛洛伊德對夢的解析以及超現實主義對夢境的探索出發,來討論作者是如何兼容並蓄地融合當代夢的研究,形成他對夢的認知與想像,進而勾勒出一個獨特的夢的世界。第二章則根據作者所記錄的夢,依敘事、形式、語言及風格等幾個層次分別剖析探究,希望能深入了解雷希斯的夢的意涵,並且揭示潛意識與語言之間的緊密聯繫。最後一章探討Journal和Nuits sans nuit et quelques jours sans jour裡,相同的夢在不同版本中的差異演變,藉此來彰顯雷希斯對於精神分析模稜兩可的態度以及他和精神分析之間複雜微妙的關係。 夢境書寫與再書寫,不但是將稍縱即逝的意象化作永恆的文字,更是自我建構的拼圖中不可或缺的一塊。透過夢,不可能成為可能,不滿足將會得到滿足。夜晚這一半正好與白天那一半相互調和,構成雷希斯所追求之完整的生命。 Michel Leiris is an unusual writer in the French literature of the twentieth century. Leiris is not only interested in the past memory, but also in the ephemeral dream which is one of the favorite subjects of writing in his entire life. Different from other contemporary writers, Leiris has published his only collection of dreams entitled Nuits sans nuit et quelques jours sans jour, when he was alive. This peculiar work is a kind of autobiographical writing based on the author’s adventure between day and night, wakefulness and sleep, clarity and confusion. As a matter of fact, it should be considered as a profound unconscious investigation of the author himself. This thesis is mainly a study of Michel Leiris’s texts of/about dreams and his paradoxical position toward the psychoanalysis through the writing and rewriting of his dreams. In chapter one, the method of the interpretation of dreams established by Freud and the use of dreams by the surrealists will be briefly introduced. In doing so, we hope to determine how much the psychoanalysis and the surrealism influence Leiris in his conception of the dream and how Leiris describes and constructs his world of dreams out of these two models. In the second chapter, with the analysis of figures, symbols and fragments, we aim to explore the dream texts respectively on the levels of narrative, language, form and style in order to uncover the mystery of the author’s dream world. In the final chapter, the emphasis will be put on the process of rewriting, so as to decipher and explain the numerous changes from Journal to Nuits sans nuit et quelques jours sans jour. In turn, the examination of the transformations from one text to another helps to reveal the ambiguous attitude of Leiris toward the psychoanalysis. The (re)writing of the dreams is a complex and fabulous work that transforms the floating images into words. With the dreams, we find an important piece of puzzle which completes the whole life the author has always strived to seize.
    Appears in Collections:[法國語文研究所 ] 博碩士論文

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