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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/50895

    Title: Improved exchange reaction in an ionic liquid electrolyte of a quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cell by using 15-crown-5-functionalized MWCNT
    Authors: Huang,KC;Chang,YH;Chen,CY;Liu,CY;Lin,LY;Vittal,R;Wu,CG;Lin,KF;Ho,KC
    Contributors: 化學學系
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-03-27 18:12:20 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: Nanocomposite, 15-crown-5-functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes (denoted as MWCNT-15-C-5) were synthesized and used as an additive along with the ionic liquid, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (EMIBF(4)) in the electrolyte of a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC); the pertinent quasi-solid-state DSSC showed a far superior photovoltaic performance than that of a cell with bare EMIBF(4) or with MWCNT-added EMIBF(4) (MWCNT/EMIBF(4)). The heterocyclic structure of the crown ether, 15-C-5, provides its cavities to capture the lithium ions (Li(+)) in a DSSC, thereby facilitating the dissolution of Li(+) and I(-) in the electrolyte of the cell. This further contributes to an improvement in the exchange reaction of I(-)/I(3)(-) in the electrolyte with EMIBF(4). Consequently, the values of short-circuit current density (JSC) and power-conversion efficiency (h) of the DSSC with both EMIBF(4) and MWCNT-15-C-5 in its electrolyte showed an increase from 3.23 +/- 0.30 to 5.53 +/- 0.38 mA cm(-2) and from 1.52 +/- 0.04 to 2.11 +/- 0.10%, respectively, with reference to the values of a DSSC with bare EMIBF4. Moreover, the at-rest durability of this quasi-solid-state DSSC was found to be unfailing for a period of 1200 h at 100 mW cm(-2) illumination. Explanations are substantiated with Raman spectra, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS).
    Appears in Collections:[化學學系] 期刊論文

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