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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/52851

    Title: System size dependence of cluster properties from two-particle angular correlations in Cu plus Cu and Au plus Au collisions at root s(NN)=200 GeV
    Authors: Alver,B;Back,B;Baker,MD;Ballintijn,M;Barton,DS;Betts,RR;Bindel,R;Busza,W;Chai,Z;Chetluru,V;Garcia,E;Gburek,T;Gulbrandsen,K;Hamblen,J;Harnarine,I;Henderson,C;Hofman,DJ;Hollis,RS;Holynski,R;Holzman,B;Iordanova,A;Kane,JL;Kulinich,P;Kuo,CM;Li,W;Lin,WT;Loizides,C;Manly,S;Mignerey,AC;Nouicer,R;Olszewski,A;Pak,R;Reed,C;Richardson,E;Roland,C;Roland,G;Sagerer,J;Sedykh,I;Smith,CE;Stankiewicz,MA;Steinberg,P;Stephans,GSF;Sukhanov,A;Szostak,A;Tonjes,MB;Trzupek,A;van Nieuwenhuizen,GJ;Vaurynovich,SS;Verdier,R;Veres,GI;Walters,P;Wenger,E;Willhelm,D;Wolfs,FLH;Wosiek,B;Wozniak,K;Wyngaardt,S;Wyslouch,B
    Contributors: 物理學系
    Date: 2010
    Issue Date: 2012-06-11 10:47:09 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: We present results on two-particle angular correlations in Cu + Cu and Au + Au collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 200 GeV over a broad range of pseudorapidity (eta) and azimuthal angle (phi) values as a function of collision centrality. The PHOBOS detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has a uniquely large angular coverage for inclusive charged particles, which allows for the study of correlations on both long- and short-range scales. A complex two-dimensional correlation structure in Delta eta and Delta phi emerges, which is interpreted in the context of a cluster model. The effective cluster size and decay width are extracted from the two-particle pseudorapidity correlation functions. The effective cluster size found in semicentral Cu + Cu and Au + Au collisions is comparable to that found in proton-proton collisions but a nontrivial decrease in size with increasing centrality is observed. Moreover, a comparison of results from Cu + Cu versus Au + Au collisions shows an interesting scaling of the effective cluster size with the measured fraction of total cross section (which is related to the ratio of the impact parameter to the nuclear radius, b/2R), suggesting a geometric origin. Further analysis for pairs from restricted azimuthal regions shows that the effective cluster size at Delta phi similar to 180 degrees drops more rapidly toward central collisions than the size at Delta phi similar to 0 degrees. The effect of limited eta acceptance on the cluster parameters is also addressed, and a correction is applied to present cluster parameters for full eta coverage, leading to much larger effective cluster sizes and widths than previously noted in the literature. These results should provide insight into the hot and dense medium created in heavy ion collisions.
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