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    题名: 3D Lidar Measurement of Boundary Layer Aerosols and Wind;3D Lidar Measurement of Boundary Layer Aerosols and Wind
    作者: 羅席戴;Novita Rosyida
    贡献者: 物理研究所
    关键词: correlation method;wind;aerosol inhomogeneities;elastic lidar
    日期: 2012-06-11
    上传时间: 2012-06-15 20:27:26 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 雷射雷達近來普遍用於監測大氣中的氣膠與各種物質,由接收散射訊號,藉此得知氣膠的分布及結構。由於氣膠會因各種天氣因素而產生不同的物理特性,光達對於大氣邊界層的監測特別有用。本論文藉由探測氣膠的非均勻分佈特性,推測風向風速的初步結果。實驗中使用光達針對五個定點做掃描,並且利用氣膠的分布相關分析(correlation method)位置差異試圖判定風速,之後再由延遲係數來決定徑向風向,負值表示風向正接近觀測者;而正值表示風向正遠離觀測者。從三天的資料顯示,有將近百分之四十的資料並沒有顯示出氣膠的位置差異,因此無法作分析比較,推論可能是小尺度的氣膠分布無法解析及分布容易改變的特性所造成的。The lidar investigations of the processes in the atmosphere, conducted in the present work, are based on the scattering by the atmosphere aerosol structure especially in the boundary layer. The aerosol inhomogeneity represents variations in space and time of aerosol microphysical characteristic that influence by turbulence, stratification of meteorological parameter and synoptic pattern as well. In this study correlation method is used to detect and trace aerosol inhomogeneities to determine the wind velocity. The measurement is performed by using scanning lidar in five angle position with fixed azimuth and elevation angle. For three days measurement around 40% of data didn’t show the aerosol inhomogeneity pattern, this may due to the small scale of aerosol distribution and the variability in the aerosol distribution pattern. This work is a preliminary result to determine the radial wind component and the direction is determined from the lag value, while the value is positive means the wind is close to the observer and a negative value means the wind is far away from the observer.
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