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|新竹;日治時期;客家;歷史;Hsinchu;the Japanese colonial period;Hakka;history
|2014-10-15 17:18:34 (UTC+8)
施行的依據。若要考察新竹的長期建設藍圖及近代化設施的脈絡，就應該將新竹地區的歷史做一完整的整理。;This thesis explores the interaction between different countries, local governments and local communities over the process of regime change with an emphasis on urbanization of Hsinchu under the Japanese colonial rule. In addition to looking at the history and development of Hsinchu, we also review the contribution made by the Japanese colonial government to Hsinchu, touch upon cultures and features demonstrated by its demographics, and analyze the interaction between local communities and governments under the Japanesecolonial rule.
The development of Hsinchu began at an early stage. However, significant development and modernization were not achieved until the Japanese colonial government implemented a series of city planning. In the context of the Japanese colonial rule, the local communities had their sphere of influence; in the meantime, the City Hall, with the support from the central government, also exerted its influence. Thus, the local and central governments work either hand-in-hand or head-to-head in some important issues. This was part of the social context during the urbanization process in Hsinchu under the Japanese colonial rule. Different stages of governance of the Japanese colonial government affected Hsinchu in their own ways. The thesis as a result looks at the cause and effect of such phenomenon.
Over the course of researching how local elites or traditional family affected the development of Hsinchu, this thesis analyzes how the Hakka characteristics of Hsinchu distinguished the development of the city from others. Another focal point is the role local families played in Hsinchu.Additionally, Japan promoted an education system that featured domestication and assimilation during the fifty years of its colonial rule. This leads us to the last point of discussion of the thesis: how Hsinchu managed to develop something typical of the city in such context.
Finally, while reviewing Hsinchu’s historical context, we should factor the political elements into the equation of the development of the city. In addition, characteristics of humanity and culture also played a role here. On the other hand, if we further explore other streets or villages in other parts of Hsinchu, it is observed that in addition to the Hsinchu District and the east part of the city, there wasno plan based on which the city could be developed. To gain a better understanding about the long-term blueprint for building and modernizing of public infrastructures in Hsinchu, we should take a holistic approach to examine the whole history of the Hsinchu areas.
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