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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/77243


    Title: 大陸供應鏈金融平台策略探討─以F公司昆山廠為例
    Authors: 陳郁沅;Chen, Yu-Yuan
    Contributors: 高階主管企管碩士班
    Keywords: 供應鏈金融;融資;中小企業;ERP;supply chain finance;financing;SME;ERP
    Date: 2018-06-12
    Issue Date: 2018-08-31 14:28:32 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 自中國改革開放後,台資企業因中國具備了地理位置佳、勞動成本低、語言溝通無障礙的因素,紛紛至中國大陸投資設廠;隨著中國工業產業造蓬勃發展,配套產業逐步進駐設廠,中國供應鏈產業鏈逐步建設完善,也使得眾多大型外資、台資企業對配套企業產生了緊密的依存度。
    在現行中國市場競爭日益激烈以及國際市場需求減緩下,為爭取客戶訂單,迫使台資企業接受不利的條件(如:應收帳款週期延長、庫存品增加等等),加上近年因政府對工廠提高安全生產及環境保護的政策之下,使得生產量下滑壓力增大,造成毛利率偏低;根據中國統計局公開資料2017年工業類企業應收帳款餘款達RMB¥13.48萬億元,同比2016年增長8.5%並逐年呈遞增趨勢,已造成中小企業沉重負擔,由於資金供需雙方的資訊不對稱導致了中小企業融資困難,使得經營更加嚴峻。因此,本研究以個案研究的方法來探討ERP系統管理供應鏈金融理論如何運用於訂單融資管理上。
    本論文使用個案研究方式,以個案公司供應廠商為對象,運用企業風險管理的方法於業務行為進行管控,透過供應鏈資訊化的應用下,扶持供應鏈中較為弱勢但資質好、技術好之中小企業供應商,如面臨資金薄弱的問題,降低整體供應鏈成本,進而提高整体供應鏈體系。
    從個案的分析發現,個案公司訂單融資管理執行計畫,不但強化供應商體質穩定性、透過訂單融資管理、有效監督協助銀行降低風險,協助供應商因資金週轉發生斷料危機,進而提升個案公司採購議價權等效益。;Since reform and opening up of China, Taiwanese enterprises have set up factories and branches in mainland China because of advantage of better geographical location, lower labor costs, and similar language and culture. Manufacturing industries are booming in China and with that the number of businesses and industries to support those are growing very fast. This supply chain infrastructure is dependent on many large international and Taiwanesefirms.

    Due to competitive environment in China and the decrease demand from international market, Taiwanese enterprises are forced to accept orders with unfavorable terms and conditions such as: longer accounts receivables of payment, increased rate of inventory, etc. In addition, new government policies and regulations for production safety and environmental protection at factories, has caused production volume to decrease and lowered profit margins. According to the public statistics of the China Statistics Bureau, the balance of accounts receivable of industrial enterprises in 2017 amounts to RMB¥13.48 trillion, an increase of 8.5% compared with 2016 and we are forecasting an increasing trend in the years ahead which will cause a greater financial burden on all companies, whether they are large or small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). Due to information asymmetry between the supply and demand sides, financing difficulties in SMEs have made profitable operations even more challenging. Therefore, this study analyzes how Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system management of supply chain in finance theory can be applied to effectively improve order finance management.

    In this essay, we use a supplier case study to illustrate this topic by using risk management to manage and control business activities. Through the application of informatization in the supply chain, it can benefit weaker but otherwise capable firms who face financial difficulties in this changing business environment. Furthermore, it reduces the cost of the overall supply chain and further improves the overall supply chain system.

    From the analysis of the case, order financing management implementation planning not only strengthened the supplier′s economic stability, it assists the banks in reducing risk through effective order supervision. In addition, it also assisted suppliers with better cash flow to avoid material shortages, and improved purchase bargaining power for the firm. In summary, effective use of ERP for financial planning enables SMEs to compete and prosper in the increasingly challenging business climate in China.
    Appears in Collections:[高階主管企管(EMBA)碩士班] 博碩士論文

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