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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/77288

    Title: 台灣低生育率之因素探討─以高學歷族群為例
    Authors: 簡秋源;Chien, Chiu-Yuan
    Contributors: 高階主管企管碩士班
    Keywords: 少子化;獎勵生育;生育行為;生育意願;fertility
    Date: 2018-07-03
    Issue Date: 2018-08-31 14:30:08 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 由於台灣近年來生育率有逐年下滑的趨勢,形成少子化的現象,少子高齡化影響國家人口結構改變,也意味人口將逐漸減少相對勞動供給也減少,加上壽命普遍延長而導致社會負擔沉重。政府祭出許多獎勵生育政策,但高學歷男女是否因而提升生育意願,值得深入探討。
    現況生育子女的意願與政府獎勵政策的關聯性不高,因此政府應規劃長遠政策而非短視近利,唯有改善整體環境才能有效提升生育意願,除了經濟補助外,政治也不應干預經濟,訴求人口數目增加的同時也要兼顧人口的素質,以建立年輕男女對生育子女的信心,只有建立在一個友善且值得民眾信賴的總體環境 ,便可提升生育意願進而達到目標。;As Taiwan′s birth rate in recent years has been declining trend, cause less child phenomenon. The declining birth rate affects the country′s population structure, also means that the population will gradually reduce the relative supply of labor. Coupled with the general extension of life lead to heavy social burden, the government resorted to many reward birth policies, however, will the policies promote the willingness of highly-educated males and females? It is worth discussing more.
    The method used in this research is a semi-structured in-depth interview which is used to analyze the factors that affect fertility, the iew of fertility policy, the theory of reproductive behavior, the factors of the economic environment, the women′s labor participation and so on. A total of 12 highly-educated males and females who lives in the northern of Taiwan are interviewed and their views are then summarized.
    The results of this study found that highly educated people have a marked change in the values of give birth. First, in needs of sexual, give birth and marriage disengage, the traditional concept of raising children′s anti-aging faded, coupled with the rise of women′s sense of autonomy. Second, the extension of education and thus cause late marriage is the trend of the aging and less child phenomenon. Third, under realistic economic considerations, except pay more time and money for giving birth, highly educated people pay more attention to the loss of opportunity cost, fear of affecting their leisure life in the process of taking care of their children, job promotion and body aliasing, and possibly Pets to replace the phenomenon of childbirth. Fourth, risk aversion is a key factor in the development of highly educated men and women, and then the potential social and cultural factors are influential.
    The relationship between the willing of the bearing and the government incentives is not high, so the government should plan long-term policy rather than short-sighted, only to improve the overall environment can effectively enhance the fertility will, in addition to economic subsidies, the political should not interfere with the economy. While increasing the number of people at the same time have to take into account the quality of the population in order to establish the confidence of young men and women on the birth of their children, only established in a friendly and worthy of the general public trust, it′s could achieve promotion of fertility project goals.
    Appears in Collections:[高階主管企管(EMBA)碩士班] 博碩士論文

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