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|Authors: ||許書翊;Hsu, Su-Yih|
|Keywords: ||非典型工作者;人力運用調查;多元邏輯斯迴歸;Non-standard Employment;Manpower Utilization Survey;Multiple Logistic Regression|
|Issue Date: ||2020-09-02 16:59:31 (UTC+8)|
;At present, many countries in the world use standard employment and non-standard employment to investigate the labor market segmentation. The two most famous theories in the literature are the bridge theory and the trap theory. Scholars who advocate the trap theory believe that after the completion of the previous job, non-standard workers will either fall into unemployment or accept another non-standard job, which is like entering a trap. Scholars who advocate the bridge theory believe that non-standard workers have a screening mechanism, which enables employers to select suitable employees in the process of entering the organization so that the non-standard workers can smoothly in line with the standard workers.
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether there is a segmentation of standard employment and non-standard employment in the Taiwan labor market and whether the growth of the overall economy helps to reduce this segmentation. This study takes the labor force population in Taiwan to examine the characteristics of non-standard workers and their changes in work status and their association with overall economic indicators. The source of this research is the 2013 and 2017 manpower utilization surveys provided by the Chief Accounting Officer of the Executive Yuan, and conducted the empirical analysis of multiple logistic regression for the information of the non-standard workers.
The empirical results found that segmentation does exist in the current Taiwan labor market. Besides, the current employment environment in Taiwan is more supportive of the trap theory. In terms of labor characteristics, standard workers are usually male, 25-44-year-old, married, and highly educated workers, while non-standard workers are usually female, 15-24-year-old, unmarried, and low educated. Finally, although the current employment environment in Taiwan supports the trap theory, which is a frustrating result, this study also found that with the overall economic growth, non-standard workers may have a higher chance of breaking away from the trap theory. With the increasing number of non-standard workers, if you do not actively cultivate your expertise, you may become a member of low income and enter a vicious circle. In anticipation of the great changes in the future, it is suggested that the government should cooperate, provide corresponding protection measures, and correct the concept of the people, to make the best use of the workers′ talents and maximize the function of all the workers.
|Appears in Collections:||[產業經濟研究所] 博碩士論文|
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