屏縣客庄閩南族群與客家族群在政治態度與政治參與是否有所不同？研究指出在政治態度整體、「公民責任感」、「政治效能感」以及「消極的政治參與」面，客家族群都較閩南族群來的更積極。投票考量面，客家族群較閩南族群更重視候選人的族群因素，但並不是其在選舉時首要考量因素。;Since the unwritten political tradition of Holo and Hakka in Pingtung County was broken, the political power of Hakka in Pingtung County started reducing. The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in political attitude and political participation between the Hakka and Holo in Pingtung County from the perspective of Political Psychology.
With regard to the methodology and participants of the study, Taiwanese with citizenship aged 20 or above in Hakka Villages in Pingtung County were selected as the survey subject. A total number of 682 valid data were collected through questionnaires. Descriptive statistics, independent-sample t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and regression analysis were applied to explore the differences between different genders, ages, ethnic identifications, national identities, and party identities in political attitude and political participation, discuss the relevance of political attitudes, and finally discuss the relevance and predictive power of political attitudes to political participation.
The results of the study are that the overall political attitudes of the citizens of Hakka Villages in Pingtung County are positive, but their “political trust” is relatively negative. In terms of party identity, there is higher recognition with the DPP than with the KMT. For the part of national identity, Taiwanese identity is the majority. Political participation of the citizens living in Hakka Villages in Pingtung County mainly prefers “passive political participation”. Voting preferences are mainly based on the candidate’s personal image and election politics. Different genders, age groups, ethnic identifications, national identities, and party identities have significant differences in political attitudes, political participation, and voting considerations. The aspects of political attitudes are mostly related. The aspects of political attitudes and the aspects of political participation are mostly related. “National identity”, “democratic values”, “civic responsibility”, and “political trust” are predictive of political participation.
Are there differences in political attitudes and political participation between Hakka and Holo in Pingtung County? The results revealed that the average score of overall political attitude, “civic responsibility”, “political efficacy” and “passive political participation”, Hakka is significantly higher than Holo. In terms of voting considerations, Hakka pays more attention to the ethnic factors of the candidates than Holo, but it is not the primary factor to considered in the election.