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    题名: 周敦頤定靜工夫之醫學應用 —以朱丹溪援儒入醫策略為視野
    作者: 施中陽;zhongyang, Shi
    贡献者: 哲學研究所
    关键词: 鬱症防治;朱丹溪;周敦頤
    日期: 2022-01-18
    上传时间: 2022-07-13 20:11:13 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學
    摘要: 摘要
    隨著社會的發展變遷,現代人患鬱症的機率也在增加,鬱症正越來越受到人們的重視。而家庭結構也隨之發生改變。隨著社會發展人口流動性加大,家庭環境的穩定性受到很大挑戰,家庭環境隨著社會發生著劇烈變化,傳統意義上的家庭觀念逐漸淡化,又在一定程度上加劇了人們生活環境的變化。
    元朝朱丹溪認為:五志之火,因七情而生……宜以人事制之,非藥石能療,須診察由以平之。認為各種疾病多起於鬱,他把鬱病分為氣鬱、濕鬱、熱鬱、痰鬱、血鬱、食鬱,認為鬱病病因不外情志內傷、六淫外感、飲食失節。當臟腑氣血等內環境紊亂時,又影響到人體對外界事物的感知,如善恐、易怒等。那麼防治鬱症就成了重中之重。
    周敦頤提出「聖人定之以中正仁義」的方法,也就是將中正仁義之理定之於心,使人的一切行為舉止都以「中正仁義」為標準,讓人心歸於靜,無欲而有主,從而能夠應對事物之變,且不會被外界的物欲之「動」所蒙蔽和浸染,以靜制動,從而達到人體不受到外界的影響達到「定」的狀態。
    ;Abstract
    With the development and change of the society, the probability of modern people suffering from depression is also increasing, and depression is getting more and more attention. And the structure of the family has changed. With the development of society and the increase of population mobility, the stability of family environment has been greatly challenged. The family environment has undergone drastic changes along with the society, and the traditional concept of family has gradually weakened, which has intensified the change of people′s living environment to a certain extent.
    In the Yuan Dynasty, Zhu Danxi believed that the fire of the five wills was born because of the seven emotions... Should be based on personnel system, Non-medicinal stones can heal, The patient should be examined and treated. He divided depression into qi depression, dampness depression, heat depression, phlegm depression, blood depression, and food depression. He believed that the causes of depression were nothing more than emotional internal injury, six erotic external feelings, and diet disorder. When the internal environment such as zang-fu qi and blood disorders, and affect the human body′s perception of external things, such as fear, irritability, etc. So preventing depression is a top priority.
    Zhou dunyi "The sage determined it to be righteous, benevolent and righteous." , That is, to fix the principles of righteousness, benevolence and justice in the mind,So that all human behavior is based on "righteousness and righteousness" as the standard, so that the heart is quiet, no desire and master, so that it can cope with the change of things, and will not be blinded and stained by the external material desire of the "move", to static brake, so as to achieve the human body is not affected by the outside world to achieve the "steady" state.
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