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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/89103


    Title: 運用生命週期評估醫療自動注射器之碳足跡;Using Life Cycle to Assess Carbon Footprints for Medical Autoinjectors
    Authors: 黃上育;Huang, Shang-Yu
    Contributors: 工業管理研究所在職專班
    Keywords: 自動注射器;碳足跡;生命週期評估;Autoinjector;Carbon Footprint;Life Cycle Assessment
    Date: 2022-08-17
    Issue Date: 2022-10-04 10:51:38 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 由於地球氣候變遷與溫室氣體排放有著密不可分的關係,全球對於溫室氣體排放議題之關注更加深了政府組織對於企業碳足跡之管控,也成為企業邁向下個世代所需面對的課題,而未來具有節能減碳與環保概念之產品,也理所當然更應受到消費者的青賴與取得政府的獎勵補助。在醫療用自動注射器產業,目前少有人進行該產業之碳足盤查及研究。本研究以生命週期評估法(Life Cycle Assessment, LCA),在醫療用自動注射器生命週期各階段中進行盤查分析,並輔以醫療用自動注射器耗能案例實證分析及個案進行研究,自動注射器的生命週期中所產生之碳足跡,以塑膠原物料、生產製造、運輸物流等階段為主。本研究探討其生命週期中各階段碳足跡的分佈狀況。

    研究分析結果顯示,在本研究的醫療用自動注射器生命週期各階段中,若以生產一年出貨量的醫療用自動注射器數量來進行評估,碳足跡最高者為生產製造自動注射器過程中之能源消耗及原物料、包裝耗材,佔整體碳足跡之98%,而在運輸物流方面則為2%。生產製造過程中碳足跡最少者為水資源及電力消耗,佔總體生產製造流程中約15%,主要歸功於水資源源的循環再利用。在案例研究中亦發現用於裝盛半成品之PS、PET Tray盤及紙箱等生產耗材,僅管質量非常輕卻產出比佔較高之碳足跡,約佔總生產製造流程之29%。因此若採用較低碳足跡之替代性包材,此舉將可有效降低生產醫療用自動注射器所產出之碳足跡,以期能達到節能減碳之目標。
    ;Due to the inseparable relationship between global climate change and greenhouse gas emissions, the global attention to the issue of greenhouse gas emissions has deepened the management and control of corporate carbon footprints by government organizations, which has also become an issue that enterprises need to face in the next generation. In the future, products with the concept of energy saving, carbon reduction and environmental protection should of course be favored by consumers and receive government incentives and subsidies. In the medical autoinjector industry, few people have conducted carbon foot surveys and researches in this industry.

    This study uses the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method to conduct inventory analysis in each stage of the life cycle of medical auto-injectors, supplemented by empirical analysis of medical autoinjector energy consumption cases and case studies. The carbon footprint generated in the cycle is mainly in the stages of plastic raw materials, manufacturing, transportation and logistics. This study explores the distribution of carbon footprints in each stage of its life cycle. The results of the research analysis show that in each stage of the medical auto-injector life cycle in this study, if the number of medical autoinjectors produced in one year′s shipment is evaluated, the highest carbon footprint is the energy used in the production of the auto-injector. Consumption and raw materials, packaging consumables account for 98% of the overall carbon footprint, and only 2% for transport logistics. The least carbon footprint is water and electricity consumption, accounting for about 15% of the overall manufacturing process, mainly due to the recycling of water resources. In the case study, it was also found that the production consumables such as PS、PET Tray and cartons used to hold sub-assembly products, despite being very light in weight, account for a relatively high carbon footprint, accounting for about 29% of the total production process. Therefore, if an alternative packaging material with a lower carbon footprint is used, this will effectively reduce the carbon footprint of the production of medical auto-injectors, in order to achieve the goal of energy saving and carbon reduction.
    Appears in Collections:[工業管理研究所碩士在職專班 ] 博碩士論文

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