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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/93048


    Title: 道路公共工程環境保護措施費用編列的合理性探討
    Authors: 曾婉瑜;Tseng-Wuan-Yu
    Contributors: 環境工程研究所
    Keywords: 道路公共工程;環境保護措施費;營建工程與污染防制;Road public construction;Environmental protection measure costs;Construction work and pollution control
    Date: 2023-07-25
    Issue Date: 2023-10-04 16:23:38 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 營建工程帶來了經濟繁榮與民生便利,但隨著工程進展對環境產生污染,行政院公共工程委員會(以下簡稱工程會)要求開發者在工程預算編列0.3-3%直接工程費用執行環境保護措施。本研究搜集道路公共工程27個案例,探討預算編列的工程會要求符合度、環境保護措施的確實度、以及環境保護措施達成環境保護的成效。
    研究結果發現直接工程經費結算金額有18個案例超過預算,主要是施工數量變動。環境保護措施費結算等於或低於預算金額各有11個案例,環境保護措施費編列和直接工程費沒有明顯的關係,在27個案例的預算有13個案例結算符合工程會的要求。各案例環境保護措施費以執行「其他環保設施及管理維護費」次數最高,在施工中有16個案例只執行這個措施;具體污染防制項目以防塵布設施和灑水車設施居多,各有12個案例。
    整體而言,環境保護措施費以結算等於或低於預算金額居多,環境保護措施費占比有將近一半案例的預算與結算符合工程會要求,各案例環境保護措施費有高占比執行「其他環保設施及管理維護費」。主辦單位對環境保護措施的認知和監督有待加強。
    ;The construction industry has brought economic prosperity and convenience to people′s livelihoods. However, as construction projects progress, they also generate pollution that affects the environment. In response to this issue, the Public Construction Commission (referred to as the Commission) of the Executive Yuan in Taiwan requires developers to allocate 0.3-3% of the direct project costs for implementing environmental protection measures.
    This study collected data from 27 cases of road public construction projects to investigate compliance with budget allocation requirements set by the Commission, the effectiveness of implemented environmental protection measures, and the achievement of environmental protection goals.
    The research findings revealed that in 18 cases, the final settlement amount for direct project expenses exceeded the budget, primarily due to changes in construction quantities. For the environmental protection measures, 11 cases had settlement amounts equal to or lower than the budgeted amount. There was no clear correlation between the allocation of environmental protection measure costs and the direct project costs. Out of the 27 cases studied, 13 cases met the requirements set by the Commission in terms of budget compliance.
    Among the different cases, the most frequently implemented environmental protection measure was the category of "other environmental facilities and management maintenance costs," which was observed in 16 cases. Specifically, dust prevention facilities and water sprinkler vehicles were the most common pollution control measures, implemented in 12 cases each.
    Overall, the settlement amounts for environmental protection measures were mostly equal to or lower than the budgeted amounts. In nearly half of the cases, the budget and settlement for environmental protection measures complied with the Commission′s requirements. The majority of cases implemented a high proportion of "other environmental facilities and management maintenance costs." There is a need to strengthen the understanding and supervision of environmental protection measures by the organizing authorities.
    Appears in Collections:[環境工程研究所 ] 博碩士論文

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