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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/93682

    Title: 線接觸車削加工真空泵變導程螺桿轉子之研究;A Study on Applying Line-contact Turning to Manufacture Variable-pitch Screw Rotors of Vacuum Pumps
    Authors: 曾玟鈞;TSENG, WEN-CHUN
    Contributors: 機械工程學系
    Keywords: 螺桿轉子;變導程;線接觸;有限元素軟體(FEM);均勻設計法;Screw Rotor;Variable Pitch;Finite Element Analysis;Experimental Design Method
    Date: 2024-01-29
    Issue Date: 2024-03-05 18:01:11 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 螺旋式真空泵(screw vacuum pump)是利用一對嚙合的螺桿轉子之間的封閉齒腔來抽送空氣,以達到所需的真空度,其廣泛應用於工業、半導體產業、化學化工產業和生物科技。在真空泵中,螺桿轉子可分為定導程和變導程兩種類型,相較於定導程螺桿轉子,變導程螺桿轉子具有更優越的壓縮性能和更高的設計彈性。然而,由於變導程轉子的輪廓會受到導程變化的影響,進而使其瞬間接觸線也會隨著導程的變化而有所改變,使成型磨無法用於變導程轉子上,因而提高變導程螺桿轉子的加工難度。過去,變導程螺桿轉子的精加工通常是使用CNC數控與傳統車刀,通過多次點接觸的方式加工變導程螺桿轉子的齒面。本研究提出利用線接觸的方式加工變導程螺桿轉子的齒面,由於是透過線接觸的方式加工,於加工時經由一次軸向進給就可完成一側齒面的加工,達到更精確、更有效率的加工方式。首先,建立變導程螺桿轉子的泛用加工座標系統,並基於變導程螺桿轉子的齒形輪廓在任意旋轉角度下,幾何都維持不變,由這項原則取螺桿轉子的齒形輪廓做為刃口線幾何。接著透過數值計算軟體求解變導程螺桿轉子後,將結果與標準轉子進行比較,以驗證模型的正確性。此外,還使用有限元素軟體和均勻設計法來探討刀具斷屑槽對於切削產生的切屑影響。;The screw vacuum pump utilizes a pair of interlocking screw rotors within a closed chamber to evacuate air and achieve the desired level of vacuum. It is widely used in industries such as manufacturing, the semiconductor industry, chemical processing, and biotechnology. In vacuum pumps, the screw rotors can be categorized into fixed-pitch and variable-pitch types. Compared to fixed-pitch screw rotors, variable-pitch screw rotors exhibit superior compression performance and greater design flexibility. However, due to the variation in pitch, the profile of variable-pitch screw rotors is influenced by changes in pitch, causing the instantaneous contact line to also change with the variation in pitch. This renders the use of form grinding impractical for variable-pitch rotors, thereby increasing the difficulty in the machining of variable-pitch screw rotors.
    In the past, precision machining of variable pitch screw rotors typically involved the use of CNC (Computer Numerical Control) and conventional turning tools, processing the variable pitch screw rotor through several times point contacts. In contrast to the traditional method, this study proposes a machining technique utilizing a line contact approach for the tooth profile of variable pitch screw rotors. Compared to traditional machining methods, this approach completes the entire tooth profile with a single axial feed, achieving a more precise and efficient machining process.
    Firstly, a general machining coordinate system for variable-pitch screw rotors is established. Based on the principle that the tooth profile of variable-pitch screw rotors remains unchanged at any rotational angle, the tooth profile of the rotor is used as the cutting edge geometry. Subsequently, numerical calculations are performed using software to solve for the variable-pitch screw rotor, and the results are compared with a standard rotor to validate the model′s accuracy. Additionally, finite element software and uniform design methods are employed to investigate the influence of tool chip grooves on the chips produced during cutting.
    Appears in Collections:[機械工程研究所] 博碩士論文

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