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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/11118


    Title: 無線射頻辨識系統於事業廢棄物管理之應用探討;Applications of Radio Frequency Identification System Technology in Management of Industrial Waste
    Authors: 梁實華;Shih-hua Liang
    Contributors: 工業管理研究所碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 流向追蹤;RFID;事業廢棄物管理;Tracking;RFID;Industrial Waste Management
    Date: 2008-06-13
    Issue Date: 2009-09-22 14:14:18 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 行政院環境保護署目前處理事業廢棄物採用網路聯單申報制度控管事業廢棄物之流向,並使用GPS(全球衛星定位系統)掌控事業廢棄物清運車輛的行駛路徑,但是清運車輛不是每一台皆有裝置GPS,管理不易,目前所實行之網路申報制度及聯單制度皆為業者自行填寫,容易有人工填寫錯誤,及造假之可能性,且網路作業系統及聯單申報制度只能針對事業廢棄物的時間、地點的流向掌控,因此時常還是會有非法事業廢棄物之傾倒事件發生而破壞地球生態環境。 無線射頻識別系統(Radio Frequency Identification; RFID)為21 世紀重要技術發展項目之ㄧ,其主要應用在於辨識及流向追蹤等功能。從事業廢棄物本體開始追蹤監控起,對事業廢棄物之產出、清除、處理與回收,也較易掌握,且更能防堵非法傾倒事件的發生。 本研究之目的主要利用物流的概念,針對RFID在流向追蹤上,具有存取性、即時性、精確性,且體積小、不易仿製、可儲存大量資料、對於惡劣環境的抵抗力佳、可重複使用之特性,應用於事業廢棄物管制,研究目的主要可分為「追蹤」、「簡化流程」、「無紙化」三個方向,本研究收集相關文獻,進行RFID與事業廢棄物之相關功能與關聯作探討,並與國內、外個案進行分析,驗證透過RFID 技術之導入,能提升事業廢棄物流向追蹤管理之效能,避免非法傾倒之違規事件,簡化流程,節省人力、物力及時間上的成本,提高作業效率,也因自動化作業,減少紙張用量,達到綠色環境之目標。 The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) uses the network system to control and track the flow of the Industrial Waste, and uses GPS (Global Positioning System) to track the route of each vehicle. But not all of the vehicles are equipped with GPS. Currently, companies are manually entering data for the EPA network report system. It is very easy to enter fake data and have mistakes occur with manual data entry into the reporting system. The network system focuses on tracking the time and location of industrial waste. The system only records the vehicle’s route but not the waste. The waste information is recorded on a form by the company producing the waste. Therefore, illegal dumping occurs quite often because the actual waste is not tracked or recorded on the system. RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) is one of the most important technologies in the 21st century and it is good with object identifying and tracking. Using RFID for industrial waste can track and monitor the waste from beginning to end of the process. By using the RFID system, it should help to prevent illegal dumping of industrial waste. This study is using one of the supply chain concepts with RFID. RFID can track flow and save accurate data in real-time. The RFID tag is small, reusable, not easily duplicated, and can save massive amounts of data. The tag also withstands adverse environmental conditions. These RFID characteristics are feasible to apply to industrial waste management. The goal of this study is divided into three parts which include, "Tracing" "Flow Simplification" and "Paperless". This research uses literature review and analyzes the correlation between RFID and industrial waste management. By using multiple-case studies and analysis proved that RFID can achieve the goal. The expectation of RFID technology may promote the tracking of industrial waste and help to reduce illegal dumping events. This technology will help the environment.
    Appears in Collections:[工業管理研究所碩士在職專班 ] 博碩士論文

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