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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/3106


    Title: 綠色拆屋評估指標系統之研究;Development of An Appraisal System for Green Demolition
    Authors: 周宏宇;Hung-yu Chou
    Contributors: 營建管理研究所
    Keywords: 層級分析(AHP);模糊德菲;再利用;綠色拆屋;評估指標;Demolition;Green;Recycling;Appraisal
    Date: 2009-06-12
    Issue Date: 2009-09-21 12:05:04 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學圖書館
    Abstract: 台灣地區近十幾年來經濟發展快速,目前都市地區的建築物已呈現飽和狀態,為因應社會經濟發展需要,對不符合需求的建築物進行拆除已成為促進經濟發展之必要手段之ㄧ。目前國內進行建築物拆除工程,一般綜合營造業廠商皆可勝任,若原有建築物需先進行拆除之後再進行重建,業主大多會將建築物拆除作業一併發包給承包廠商,而非另外尋找專業拆除工程廠商,因此拆除過程中的專業性相對不受到重視,將成為未來營建管理者所必須面對的重要課題。 國內拆除作業以往先考量建築物之周邊鄰房安全、交通路線與堆置空間等因素,盡量縮短拆除時間,甚少針對可再利用之拆除廢棄物進行分類,導致資源浪費及無法循環再利用等問題。因此如何在建築物進行拆除時依序對於可回收再利用的資源妥善分類、避免混合,為改善中間處理效率相當重要的一環。因此本研究係針對綠色拆屋建立一評估架構,在建築物進行拆除時依適當程序、分類方式、運送清理及後續可再利用相關途徑等,除可有效達到拆除廢棄物減量的目標外,並可降低拆除廢棄物資源分類中間處理過程的時間及成本,進而改善我國建築拆除現況與提升再生物料使用狀況,期能達成循環型社會及建築拆除廢棄物再利用與零廢棄之目標。 本研究主要參考美國賓州大學「綠色拆屋指標(Green Demolition Certification)」及各國建築物拆除施工方法、再利用方式及拆除相關規定等文獻,並經由實際案例訪查,建立一套適合我國之綠色拆屋評估系統,其中包括「減廢再利用」、「節約能源」、「環境保護」、「安全防災」四大面向及十六個評估項目,以模糊德菲問卷進行因子篩選,將重要性達一定標準之因子納入評估系統中,再以層級分析法針對篩選後之評估因子探討其重要性程度,最後提出一初步的評分方式並建立評估架構,期望藉由本研究所提出之評估系統對建築物拆除之永續發展有所貢獻。 Under the global development of sustainable construction, it becomes a trend for the recycling of building demolition wastes. However, the cost to recycle the demolition wastes becomes higher if they were very mixed in the first place. The result is low recovery rate. In addition, the recycled materials from very mixed demolition wastes frequently prevent them from becoming an ingredient for a higher value recycling product. Therefore, it is imperative to execute onsite source separation by employing proper steps. The objective of this research is to develop an appraisal system for the assessment of green demolition. Literature reviews about construction steps and waste handling for building demolition. The four major categories identified are reduce and recycling, energy conservation, environmental protection and safety precaution. Fuzzy Delphi method are first employed in this study to identify the major categories and their corresponding items for assessing the “greenness” of a demolition project. AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) method is then employed to determine the weighting of major categories as well as the sub items in each category. As a result, this study proposes an appraisal rating system to assess the “greenness” of a demolition project. With the appraisal system, the recovery rate of building demolished wastes can be increased and improving the Building Demolition quality.
    Appears in Collections:[營建管理研究所 ] 博碩士論文

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