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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/53550


    Title: 鋼筆與臺灣的社會文化;Fountain pen and Society culture in Taiwan
    Authors: 簡志儒;Chieh,Chih-ju
    Contributors: 歷史研究所
    Keywords: 鋼筆;萬年筆;硬筆;書寫;收藏。;hard pen;write;collect.;fountain pen
    Date: 2012-07-19
    Issue Date: 2012-09-11 17:54:01 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 鋼筆是由西方書寫文化衍生而出的書寫器具,本文藉由鋼筆從進入臺灣到發展的過程,探討臺灣社會由傳統到接收新式的西方文化,以至完全融入臺灣社會生活中,造成整個書寫方式變遷的歷程。也藉由鋼筆在臺灣的銷售與製造,以及鋼筆為臺灣社會所產生的影響等經濟與文化等多方面的角度,來探討鋼筆在臺灣發展的狀況。  臺灣在日治時期,從傳統漢民族以毛筆書寫的習慣,藉由臺灣總督府將日本明治維新後所引進西方的新觀念與新式教育制度,逐漸學習、改變成為使用硬筆書寫,進而建立出臺灣近代化的基礎。而從另一個方面也可以瞭解到,許多社會文化從播種到萌芽,以至於成為一種社會全面性的新文化,經常是在不易察覺默默逐漸而成的,無法像一些歷史上重大事件的影響,可以見到有明顯截然不同的轉變,並能找到顯著的切截點。  在臺灣特殊的時代背景下,使得鋼筆這項製品在臺灣社會中的發展,是由日治時期屬於日本的本國自製,到戰後中華民國政府時期轉變為仰賴國外而來的進口。在這樣的條件下鋼筆猶能在民國40至60年代的臺灣,成為社會上主要的書寫用具。可見某項物質在人類社會中所扮演的角色,往往是整個時代潮流所使然,並非是任何個人所能加以驅使或左右。相同的鋼筆會淡出人類書寫工具的舞臺,也是順於同樣的時代洪流而行,而這股洪流也是人類物質文明不斷向前開展的動力。  當鋼筆的出現以至於進入了社會的生活之中,不但對社會的文化有了新的轉變,進一步的由此衍生成為社會的另一種新文化,再由此形成一串連綿不斷的改變。於是「鋼筆」二字便在臺灣社會中,從原本代表一種物品的名詞,成為代表某種意涵或形體的代名詞語形容詞,交織成一個整體的鋼筆文化。As fountain pen is evolved from the western writing culture, the impact of the modern western culture on the traditional Taiwanese society and the change of writing instruments in Taiwan with the integration of modern western culture will be elaborated in this paper. Besides, from points of view of the sales and the manufacturing of pen and the economic and cultural impact on the community , the development of fountain pen in Taiwan will also be discussed.    During Japanese colonial period, Fountain pen was under the lead of Taiwanese Governor introduced into Taiwan along with the modern western ideology and education system which were enthusiastically promoted during Meji Restoration. Since then, Han people ,who traditionally used the writing brush, gradually changed to use the steel pen. Such change was kind of contribution to modernize Taiwan’s society. In view of this aspect, being different from historical events coming up with dramatic and notable turning points, many of social cultures imperceptibly and gradually evolve to the other new side.    In Japanese occupation era, all of the fountains in Taiwan were absolutely imported from Japan. At the end of the world war II, Japanese surrendered Taiwan to Chinese government, the source of the fountain pens changed to depend on foreign imports. Nevertheless, the fountain pen was the major writing instrument in Taiwan during the decades from 1950 to 1970. The role of a substance in human society, not driven by any individual, is led by the trend for appearance and step-down. Such tendency is actually kind of momentum for human evolution.      Along with the debut of the fountain pen in the world and integration into the community, the new culture came up in the community. Hence, pen in Taiwan society, one noun standing for one substance, turned into kind of meaning or form, which are woven into the whole pen culture.
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