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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/53875

    Title: 環境保護協定應用於營建噪音導致環境破壞處理之研究;A Study of the Application of Environmental Protection Agreement on the Damage Caused by Construction Noise
    Authors: 柯婷榕;Ke,Ting-rong
    Contributors: 營建管理研究所
    Keywords: 環境保護協定;噪音補償;營建噪音陳情;Complaint of construction noise;Noise compensation;Environmental protection agreement
    Date: 2012-07-25
    Issue Date: 2012-09-11 18:18:10 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 國立中央大學
    Abstract: 近些年來國民對於生活品質要求日益提昇,然國內大型工程蓬勃發展,致營建噪音所生之陳情案件層出不窮,然現有之管制方式多無法降低工程期間所致之民怨,且衍生之陳情抗爭事件常影響工程之進行,對施工團隊及民眾皆屬不利。然而,營建噪音相較其他類型之環境破壞,影響期間相對較短,若施工團隊採氣密窗方式進行防護,必需耗費大量成本,而發放各種補償費用又可能出現比價效應,另公害糾紛處理法第三十條規定「事業得與所在地居民或地方政府簽訂環境保護協定,防止公害之發生」,然營建業尚未將此具體實行,且也無一範本可供使用,故本研究探究現行制度之不足並分析各國制度之優點,透過「環境保護協定」簽訂之方式,於施工前由工程之起造人(或委託監造人)與民眾進行協定之簽訂並互相遵守,於其中合理就施工方法、時間、說明會之辦理、環境監測報告之提出、違反時之處置及後續之補償等細節詳加規定,期以減低上述問題之發生。此模式之推動相信對於營建噪音所生之環境破壞之事前預防與事後之處理有相當益處,其具避免與中央法規牴觸、減低對產業與民眾之衝擊,增加雙方之互信基礎等優點,亦可成為營建產業在環境保護上一新的里程碑。Citizens nowadays ask for higher quality of life, but construction works in urban areas cause substantial noise complaints. However, there is no efficient way to reduce public grievances during construction period. Also, these protests may affect the schedule of construction, therefore hindering the interests of both the contractor and citizens the neighborhood. Compared to other environmental damages, the inconvenience caused by construction noise is more brief. For contractors, affording the neighborhood an airtight window system as a means of protection will cost too much, but paying monetary compensation outright may cause price comparison effect among the affected neighbors. Although Article 30 of the Environmental Disputes Resolution Act provides that “Enterprise may sign an environmental protection agreement with local residents or local government to avoid pollution from happening”, there is still no available template, and thus few has ever experimented it. Therefore, this research examines the shortcomings of the existing problem and analyzes the success experiences from other countries. By signing “The Environmental Protection Agreement” before construction, contractor and people could discuss the details about construction method, when to make an illustration or offer an environmental monitoring report during construction period, and what contractor should do while breaking the agreement to solve problems like protests.This method should be good for the solution of environmental damage caused by construction noise. The proposed approach could reduce the impact for both industry development and public life quality, prevent the agreement from being contravened with the law, and gain the trust between contractors and public. If fully implemented, it would be a milestone for environmental protection of civil engineering industry.
    Appears in Collections:[營建管理研究所 ] 博碩士論文

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