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|Title: ||男性婚姻觀與文化傳承之研究;The research of male viewpoint on marriage and the spread of ethnic culture|
|Keywords: ||客家男性;閩南男性;婚姻觀;文化傳承;Hakka male;Min Nan male;viewpoint on marriage;the spread of ethnic culture|
|Issue Date: ||2014-08-11 18:24:34 (UTC+8)|
研究也發現，無論是閩、客男性在選擇婚配對象時，並不會將「族群」列入擇偶的條件中，也就是說，他們並不是為了以傳承自身的族群文化為前提來選擇配偶，雖然配偶的族群身分多或少會影響族群文化及語言的傳承，但在本研究中，受訪者的態度才是關鍵因素。受到整個社會文化活動推動及學校施行本土語言教學的影響，閩、客男性普遍都有從事族群記憶的傳承，但若夫妻皆認同族群文化及語言傳承的重要性，對於族群記憶的傳承會比較積極且成功。族群文化記憶的傳承，除了政府單位與民間團體的宣導與推廣外，閩、客男性對於自身族群的認同以及對於族群文化和語言傳承的認知與意願，將會是族群文化傳承是否得以延續不斷的關鍵。;There have always been stereotypes in regards to the gender culture in the different ethnic groups of Taiwanese society. These stereotypes are well ingrained in the people despite the continual blurring of ethnic boundaries. In these stereotypes, the Hakka ethnicities are known to rely on family structure for the spread of ethnic culture. With the women taking on the burden of raising the children, what role does the power wielding man in Hakka families have in the spread of Hakka culture? Through what methods do they pass on their Hakka culture? This research intends to use the comparison between Hakka and Min Nan male population to explore whether male viewpoint on marriage and the spread of ethnic culture are influenced by ethnic properties.
Using the Ecosystem Theory or the Social Learning theory, our study shows both the Hakka and Min Nan men’s perspective on marriage are intimately influenced by the environment, thus there were little difference in the attitudes towards the implications and the importance of marriage. The increase in the acceptance of gender equality and female population in employment now blurs further the traditional gender roles leaving many ideas that were taken for granted to be adjusted and changed. Results show that Hakka males are more traditional and conservative in the gender roles within a marriage. With the Min Nan and Hakka men both showing a correspondence to the Eclectic Theory in the attitudes towards mate selection in which a close match a objective conditions and high mutual complementibility leads to higher satisfaction in a marriage. A discussion of male marriage life and management using the ethnic culture of both the Hakka and the Min Nan shows the Hakka men has a greater and more vivid and impactful tendency then the Min Nan.
Study also shows, both the Min Nan and Hakka males do not place the Ethnicity as one criteria in mate selection, implying that even though there are effects the spouse on the spread of ethnic language and culture, the men’s selection of their spouse are not premised on passing on the ethnic heritage to the next generation and instead are based on their attitudes. The influence of the communal cultural promotion and implementation of ethnic language courses in schools, both Min Nan and Hakka men are more actively involved in passing on the ethnic legacy. The enthusiasm and the rate of success on the spread of ethnic culture and language increase, however, if both spouses accept its importance. The basis in the spread of ethnic memories is not only built upon the promotion of government and the civilian initiatives, the acceptance and the willingness to pass on their spread of culture and language of the people themselves would be the key to the perpetuation of it.
|Appears in Collections:||[客家研究碩士在職專班] 博碩士論文|
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