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|Keywords: ||王洪文;上海奪權;工總司;安亭事件;一月革命;Wang Hongwen;the Power-Seizing in Shanghai;The Workers’ General Headquarters;Anting Event;January Revolution|
|Issue Date: ||2014-08-11 18:44:29 (UTC+8)|
;As a working class insurrectionist, Wang Hongwen arose very quickly from the “Cultural Revolution”. In November 6th of 1966, Wang Hongwen was elected to be the commander of the “Workers’ General Headquarters”. In November 9th, right after the conference for the establishment of the “Workers’ General Headquarters”, the “Anting Event” broke out and caused the interruption of Shanghai Nanjing Railway transportation for 31 hours, which has drawn the attention from the high rank of Chinese Communist Party. In “Anting Event”, Zhang Chunqiao has signed up the “Five Requirements” document on behalf of Central Cultural Revolution Group, which granted the legal status of the “Workers’ General Headquarters” and led to the first alliance between Wang Hongwen and Zhang Chunqiao. Afterward, the fighting between the “Workers’ General Headquarters” and the “Red Guards” occurred – the “Kangping Road Event” was regarded as the first factional battle in the country. From this event the hint of their cooperation could be found as well.
In 1967, Mao Zedong has instructed the publication of New Year’s Day editorial to announce that “1967 is the year for starting overall class struggles all over the country”. In Shanghai’s “January Revolution”, the insurrectionists belonging to the “Workers’ General Headquarters” have successfully seized the power from Shanghai Municipal Committee and that has consequently led to a nationwide power-seizing storm , which was under the support of Miao Zedong, too. In the end, the “Shanghai Revolutionary Committee” was founded by following the principals of the “Great Alliance” and “Three-in-One Combination” policies raised by Mao Zedong. The shifting of power has made Wong Hongwen the person who had the biggest real power in Shanghai.
In Jan. 23rd of 1967, the “Support the Left Policy” was announced. The army formally started its intervention in the “Cultural Revolution”. The situation was even more chaotic. Following the slogan “attack by reasoning and defense by force”, the factional battles were uplifted into a even higher level of fighting while Wang Hongwen took this opportunity to wage the “August 4th Event” to destroy the “Union of Shanghai Diesel Oil Factories” – the rival of the “Workers’ General Headquarters”. By this way Wang Hongwen’s has consolidated his status of power in Shanghai and has formed the foundation for entering the center of regime.
|Appears in Collections:||[歷史研究所碩士在職專班 ] 博碩士論文|
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