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    题名: 建構原物料免檢決策模式-以P公司為例
    作者: 楊宜偉;Yang,Yi-wei
    贡献者: 工業管理研究所在職專班
    关键词: ABC分類法;免檢;品質成本;供應商品質績效;Activity Based Classification;Inspection Exemption;Quality Cost;Suppliers Quality Performance
    日期: 2014-07-16
    上传时间: 2014-10-15 14:31:05 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 國立中央大學
    摘要: 隨著科技產業的更迭迅速,業界對於公司內部的要求不但是要快速應變、高效率更需要有高彈性,才能夠在瞬息萬變的市場中,取得生存的空間。傳統上,大部分的公司對於原物料的品質把關,都是依賴著「進料檢驗」。但是公司的高層以及品保部的主管們,都應該意識且認知到,品質不是靠檢驗出來的;然而要擺脫一再以檢驗來把關原物料的品質,而讓供應商能夠提供「適質、適時、適量」的原物料,導入原物料免檢是達到此目標的一個方式。
    原物料免檢的導入是為了避免浪費不必要的檢驗成本,使公司內部的檢驗人力可以專注於更需要品質把關的物料上。此外,也藉由推動原物料免檢,使企業有更多的資源運用在零組件的設計開發,也可以更專注於和供應商之間的相互合作以及輔導和監控,進而達到持續改善的目的。
    本研究是以目前使用的MIL-STD-105E計數值調整型抽樣計畫為基礎,此抽樣計畫本身可以在正常、減量以及加嚴檢驗之間做轉換,但並沒有著墨在免檢方式;故欲建立一套兼具供應商品質績效衡量模式以及品質成本的免檢決策模式,使企業不管原物料有無執行免檢,均可有效的掌控供應商以及原物料的品質資訊,形成一個品質循環,使企業的資源可以更有效率的應用。而本研究設計的免檢決策模式分成二個階段:
    1. 先進行供應商品質績效衡量模式-評估物料的品質水準及供應商能力。
    2. 經過評核的原物料,進行最後的免檢決策計算並判定結果。
    然而,當物料經評估後可採免檢入料,還是必須持續以品質評核來監控物料和供應商的品質和服務,如此一來可以開始啟動原物料免檢的循環,讓個案公司不但可以達到檢驗人力的彈性和節省,也能夠使供應商對品質自我負責,達到雙贏的局面。
    ;Technical industry are always keep change. The way for companies to keep alive in a changing market are not only quick response, high performance, but also high flexible actions. Typically, most companies relies on incoming inspection for raw material quality control. But top management and quality leaders must understand, quality won’t improve by inspections. If we hope to get raw materials and follow “right quality”, “right time” and “right quantity” criteria, we must rid always control raw materials’ quality by inspection. Implement raw material inspection exemption is a way to reach this goal.
    Raw material inspection exemption implementation is avoid cost waste, let inspector can more focus on materials which are need more attention. Companies can have more resource for design actions. And also more resource to manage the relationship with supplier for keep improvement.
    This research is base on MIL-STD-105E sampling inspection plan. This sampling inspection plan can be changed between normal, reduction and tighten type inspection, but not focus on inspection exemption. So we hope to establish a model include suppliers’ quality performance qualification and inspection exemption decision mode for cost of quality, let companies can well control suppliers and raw materials’ information no matter execute inspection exemption or not. It will become a quality cycle and let companies’ resource can be more efficiency. And separate exception mode to 2 stages:
    1. At first, execute suppliers’ quality performance review mode.
    2. Raw materials with appraisal keep execute final inspection exemption decisions review and determine result.
    However, even raw materials pass evaluation for inspection exemption, but it still must keep quality review to manage material and suppliers’ quality and service. Then it can turn on the circle of row material exception and let companies reduce inspectors’ manpower, and suppliers take responsibility by themselves to reach the win-win situation.
    显示于类别:[工業管理研究所碩士在職專班 ] 博碩士論文

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